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Threats to

Water and Soil Resources

G.Varaprasad ( 19BCE7048 )
The Blue Planet
 There are more than 326 million trillion gallons of water on Earth.
 Less than 3 % of all this water is fresh water and of that amount, more than
two-thirds is locked up in ice caps and glaciers.
 With so much water around it seems like there is enough to see us through for
millions of years.
 But did you know that even water, which seems to be in abundance, might
one day become scarce?
Water as a Resource
Reasons behind Water Scarcity

 Overuse of Water
 Increasing Population
 Water Pollution
 Change in Climate
 Water wastage
 Destruction of water
Catchment areas
Excessive usage of water
Water Contamination or Pollution
Mining Activities

Dumping wastes

Oil Spills

Leaking Landfills
Change in Climatic Conditions

Daily life Observation

Destruction of Water Catchment areas

Water from Sprinklers
Effects of Water Scarcity Solution
 Lack of Access to Drinking Water  Recycle water
 Improve sewage system
 Diseases or illness
 Improve Farming Practices
 Sanitation issues
 Support clean water initiatives
 Poverty  Advancement in Technology for water
 Hunger and Death conservation

 Loss in Agriculture  Plant more trees and plants

 Don’t pollute water
 Loss of Aquatic life – Ecological imbalance
 Spread awareness among people
How is Soil formed ?
What is the use of Soil ?
 Soils serve as media for growth of all kinds of plants.
 Soils modify the atmosphere by emitting and absorbing gases.
 Soils provide habitat for animals that in the soil that account for most of the living things on
 Soils absorb, hold, release, alter, and purify most of the water in terrestrial systems.
 Soils process recycled nutrients, including carbon, so that living things can use them again.
 Soils serve as engineering media for construction of foundations, roadbeds, dams and buildings,
and preserve or destroy artifacts of human endeavors.
 Soils act as a living filter to clean water before it moves into an aquifer.
Soil Erosion Wind Erosion

Let’s discuss in detail

Over Grazing

Soil Degradation - Physical, Chemical and Biological
decline in soil quality

 Physical factors - Rainfall, surface runoff, floods, wind erosion, tillage

 Chemical factors - Salt buildup and leaching of nutrients
 Biological factors – Human, plants and other living organisms activities
 Deforestation - Exposing soil minerals
 Misuse or excessive use of fertilizers - Agricultural practices with pesticides
 Industrial and Mining activities - Releases a myriad of toxic chemicals
 Improper Cultivation Practices – Improper tilling of land
 Urbanization - Denudates the soil’s vegetation cover
 Overgrazing - Breaks down soil particles
 Soil Pollution
Effects of Soil Degradation Solution
 Land Degradation  Avoid Deforestation

 Drought or aridity  Land Reclamation

 Loss of arable land  Preventing Salinization

 Increased Flooding  Improve Farming Practices

 Loss in Agriculture  Support soil conservation initiatives

 Toxic dust  Advancement in Technology for soil

 Loss of Habitat conservation

 Changes in soil structure  Plant more trees and plants

 Decrease in soil Fertility  Don’t pollute soil

 Pollution and Clogging of water ways  Spread awareness among people

Effects on Agriculture ( India )
It’s not too
late ,
Let’s start
Any Doubts…??

Submitted to : Dr. Manmadharao Banki Sir