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FM TECHNICAL INTERACTION: 3

VALVES
Presented by:
Maneesh Purusharthi
VALVE

A valve may be defined as a device by which the flow of a


fluid may be controlled or regulated by a movable part that
open, shuts or partially obstructs one or more passage ways.
FUNCTION OF A VALVE

Provide positive isolation.

Provide flow regulation

Controlling the direction of fluid flow

Regulating system pressure


TYPE OF VALVES
FUNCTION BASIS:

ON-OFF VALVE
Gate valve, Ball valve, Plug valve

THROTTLING VALVE
Globe valve, Butterfly valve, Diaphragm valve, Angle valve, Needle valve

NON RETURN VALVE/ CHECK VALVE


Swing check valve, Lift check valve, Tilting disc check valve

PRESSURE RELIEF/ SAFETY VALVE


SELECTION OF VALVES
 Type & size of valve

 Fluid to be handled

 Material of construction

 Pressure & temperature ratings

 Cost & availability

 Weight & available space


GATE VALVE
The gate valves are categorized by a sliding gate which is
moved by stem perpendicular to direction of flow.
Part Description of Gate Valve
Item
Description
No.
 1  Body
 2  Body Seat Ring
 3  Wedge
 4  Stem
 5  Gasket
 6  Bonnet
 7  Stud
 8  Stud Nut
 9  Backseat Bush
10  Packing
11  Gland
12  Gland Flange
13  Eye Bolt
14  Eye Bolt Nut
15  Groove Pin
16  Yoke Sleeve
 (Stem Nut)
17  Grease Fitting
18  Retainer Nut
19  Handwheel
20  Handwheel Nut
*  Name Plate
GLOBE VALVE
In globe valve the closure member disc or plug is moved on
and off the seat. The seat opening vary in direct proportional to
the travel of the disc.
Part Description of Globe Valves
Item
Description
 No.
1  Body
 Body Seat
2
 Ring

3  Disc

4  Disc Washer
5  Stem
6  Disc Stem Nut
7  Gasket
8  Bonnet
9  Stud
10  Stud Nut
11  Backseat Bush

12  Packing

13  Gland
14  Gland Flange
15  Eye Bolt
16  Eye Bolt Nut
17  Groove Pin
18  Yoke Bush

19  Handwheel

20  Washer
21  Handwheel Nut
BALL VALVE

It is basically a ported sphere in a housing. The seat


matching the ball is circular so that the seating stress is
circumferentially uniform.
Part Description of Ball Valves
Part no Part
1 Body

2 End Connector

3 Ball

4 Seat

5 Stem

6 Body Seal

7 Gland Packing

8 Stem Seal

9 Gland

10 Fasteners

11 Stopper

12 Hand Lever
BUTTERFLY VALVE
Butterfly valves are rotary valves with a disc rotating at
right angle within a pipe section body
Part Description of Butterfly Valves
Part No Part

1 Body

2 DISK

3 SHAFT

4 SHAFT SEALS

5 DISC SEAL

6 SHAFT GUIDE BUSH

7 BODY SEAT

8 FASTNERS

9 BEARING BUSHES

10 WORM AND WORM SHAFT

11 WORM WHEEL *

12 HAND WHEEL
TYPES OF BUTTERFLY VALVE
DIAPHRAGM VALVE

In a diaphragm valve a flexible member is connected to


support member known as compressor, which represents
the closure member.
CHECK VALVE

The function of check valve is to permit flow in one


direction and close against reverse flow.
TYPES OF CHECK VALVE

• SWING CHECK VALVE

• LIFT CHECK VALVE

• TILTING DISC CHECK VALVE


SWING CHECK VALVE
Part Description of Check Valves

Item No. Description

1  Body
 Body Seat
2
Ring

3  Disc

4  Hinge
5  Disc Washer
6  Disc Nut
7  Disc Nut Pin
8  Hinge Pin
9  Gasket
10  Cover

11  Stud

12  Stud Nut
LIFT CHECK VALVE
TILTING DISC CHECK VALVE
PLUG VALVE

Plug valves are valves with cylindrical or conically tapered


"plugs" which can be rotated inside the valve body to
control flow through the valve.

The simplest and most common general type of plug valve is


a 2-port valve with two positions: open to allow flow,
and shut(closed) to stop flow.
THREE WAY VALVE

It is also possible for a plug valve to have more than two ports. In a 3-way
plug valve, flow from one port could be directed to either the second or third
port.
ANGLE VALVE

 In Angle valves fluid flows through at an angle mostly at


90 deg.
BOHLER ANGLE VALVE
P01 RECYCLE VALVE
LEARNING POINTS FOR ANGLE VALVE:

 Valve flanges

 Sealing set

 Weep hole
ARC VALVE

An automatic recirculation valve (ARV) is a multifunctional valve whose


primary purpose is to ensure that a pre-determined minimum flow is
assured through a centrifugal pump at all times. This is important as
centrifugal pumps suffer from over heating and cavitation and can be
permanently damaged if they run dry.
 The check valve running vertically from the pump inlet below
to the outlet above, which not only protects against reverse
flow, but provides excellent pulsation dampening of the fluid.
 The bypass valve operates by sensing the main flow and
automatically controlling the medium flow into the bypass
line
 The pressure let- down unit located in the bypass section of
the valve is designed to handle the required pressure drop
from the process to the pump inlet.
 The automatic recirculation valve is therefore a check,
bypass, minimum flow and pressure control valve in one
body.
PRESSURE SEAL BONNET VALVE
 The body-Bonnet joints seals improves as the
internal pressure in the Valve increases, compared to
other constructions where the increase in
internal pressure tends to create leaks in the body-
Bonnet joint.
PRESSURE SEAL BONNET VALVE
FREQUECT ASKED QUESTION

 Which valve can be used in both direction?


 All ON-OFF valves (Like Gate, plug and ball valves)

 What is trim and trim number?

 Valve parts which are directly in contact of the service


fluid.
 Rating of the valve?

 Maximum pressure a valve can withstand or a pressure


at which valve is designed at a specified temperature
range.
TRIM NUMBER
WHAT WE LEARNT TODAY

 Brief about different type of valves.

 Problem faced during maintenance of valves (Angle valve,

ARC valves, plug valves etc.) in TAR19.

 Approach used to resolve those problems.


Thanks
Difference between NRV and Check valve?