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"Science is nothing but perversion in

itself unless its ultimate goal is to


improve humanity."

Nikola Tesla
Nikola Tesla was born in Smiljan, present-day
Croatia, on July 10, 1856. When he was three
years old, he lived through an episode that
would mark the direction of his life: while
stroking the back of his cat, the touch of his
hand produced a shower of sparks and wanted
to find out what was the reason. He asked his
father and he, an Orthodox priest, explained
that it was the same phenomenon that
occurred in trees during a storm: electricity.
From that moment until the day of his death,
Nikola Tesla would dedicate his life to solving
that mystery.
At only 17 years old, the young
Nikola became seriously sick with
cholera and was on the point of not
recovering. His father promised him
that once restored he would send
him to the best engineering school
there was, the young man's most
fervent wish. After recovering and
entering the army, in 1875, Tesla
began his studies at the Polytechnic
University of Graz, in Austria.
In his student days, he began to develop the
purpose that would accompany him forever: to
devise how free energy could reach everyone. In
1881 he traveled to Vienna, where he worked for
the National Telephone Company. Tesla
eventually moved to Paris, where he found work
at the Edison Company. From the French capital
he traveled to New York in 1884 - the same year
that the Statue of Liberty also arrived from Paris.
Once in town, Tesla went directly to the offices of
the man who would definitely influence his life:
Thomas Alva Edison. A letter of recommendation
was addressed to him from Charles Batchelor, his
last boss in Europe, which read: "I know two
great men, and you are one of them. The other is
the young bearer of this letter."
After reading the letter, Edison hired him
that same day. But their relationship was
far from placid. There were differences
between the two that were increasing
over time. These differences were
reflected in the way of posing and seeing
the results of their work. While Edison
was the first introducer and a strong
advocate of direct current, Tesla was
convinced that alternating current was a
better solution - current that we continue
to use in our homes more than 150 years
later. This dispute is known as "the war of
the currents".
In 1886, Tesla founded his own company, the Tesla
Electric Light & Manufacturing. The early investors did
not agree with his plans for the development of an
alternating current motor and eventually ended up
relieving him of his position at the company. But Tesla
did not give up and worked as a laborer in New York
from 1886 to 1887 in order to survive and earn money
for his next project. In 1887, he built an AC powered
brushless induction motor, which he presented to the
American Institute of Electrical Engineers in 1888. That
same year he developed the principle of his coil, and
began work. with George Westinghouse at
Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company's in
Pittsburgh Labs. Westinghouse listened carefully to his
ideas on polyphasic systems, which could allow the
transmission of alternating current over a long
distance, and opted for it.
In 1893, Tesla worked with Westinghouse on the
development of a project to get electricity to the city
of Bufalo by harnessing the force of the waters of the
Niagara River Falls. In 1895, a fire in Tesla's laboratory
in New York caused incalculable losses to science,
since in addition to the building all its projects were
destroyed. But he could do nothing with Tesla. In
1898, he was presented to the first Electrical
Exhibition that took place in Madison Square Garden
in New York with an invention called "Teleautomaton".
It was a miniature boat, remotely controlled by radio.
Tesla tried to sell his idea to the U.S. Army, but at the
time the Navy showed little interest. Nor was he an
inventor of the device. This merit was taken by the
Spanish engineer Leonardo Torres Quevedo, who
patented the "Telekino" in 1903, which was
considered the first radio control device in history.
Tesla also had problems with Marconi, who
is credited with inventing the radio.
Marconi won the Nobel Prize in 1909 for
this invention, although Tesla had patented
the idea in 1896. But the patent office
backed down and ended up granting
Marconi the patent for the invention. There
was a lot of talk at the time about the
change, which some attributed to economic
pressure from Marconi. Finally, in 1943 the
United States Supreme Court recognized
Nikola Tesla shortly before his death as the
inventor of the radio and returned the
patent, which had been in Marconi's
possession up to that time.
Nikola Tesla died alone on January 7, 1943, in a
hotel room in New York, at the age of 86, from a
heart attack. His funeral, which was held in the
Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, was attended
by more than 2,000 people who mourned the
loss of a true genius. The government of the
United States, once Nikola Tesla was buried,
intervened his office and requisitioned all the
documents that contained his studies and
investigations, however, some could not be
understood or deciphered since Tesla kept most
of his ideas in his mind. Years later, Nikola Tesla's
family, through the Yugoslav embassy, managed
to recover part of the seized material.