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Aparna Vajpayee
À |esearch |eports
À Types of |esearch |eports
À Guidelines for writing a report
À |eport Format
À |eport Presentation
À Practical Tips for Doing |esearch

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 Vmportance of the topic
 Your research question
 What you did to answer the
question
 Your findings
 Your interpretation of the
findings

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 Title Page
 Abstract
 Vntroduction
 Methods
 |esults
 Discussion
 |eferences and Appendix

Aparna Vajpayee
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 The article title
 Author name(s)
 Author affiliation
 Manuscript page header
 |unning head
 Page number

Aparna Vajpayee
 Title page should contain the title of your
paper (not a topic, but a title that reflects the
content of the paper), your name, the course
name the paper is for, and the date you wrote it
 You may use headers and footers (Ex:
|unning head: CMC and loneliness)
sing headings makes it easier to navigate your
paper. Vn a short paper like your lit review,
you·d probably only use the first-level heading,
but this is what they look like in order:
First-Level Heading
O   
 
        Begin text of paragraph«
 Otate the research question or
hypothesis
 Describe the method used
 Describe the subjects/participants
 Mention the research procedures
 Otate findings
 Vnclude implications

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Oubsections

 Oubjects/Participants
 Procedures
 Measurement
 |esearch Design

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 |eview important relevant sources


 Vdentify
Theoretical framework
Variables
Methodological or conceptual gaps/flaws of
previous research
 Leads to your research question/hypothesis

Aparna Vajpayee
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  ``   
 
  ` 

 
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 `        
  `
 
`    
 You need to put the author last name(s) and
date, like while paraphrasing, but also the
PAGE NMBE|O or PA|AG|APH
NMBE|O (for online sources).
 Example: ´the research findings clearly
indicate support for the hypothesesµ
(Douglass, 1986, p. 55).
 ‰eep quotations to a minimum (less than 3 per
paper)
 Don·t forget the quotation marks and page
numbers (or paragraph numbers), or you will
be guilty of plagiarism!
       
   
   
     
    
  
!  " # $ % # 
 Demographics
Age
Gender
Location
|ace
Oocioeconomic status
 Number (sample size)
 Adequacy of sample size
 Maintain confidentiality

Aparna Vajpayee
 Describe how the data
were collected
 Describe each step in
sequence
 Provide enough details
for replication

Aparna Vajpayee
 Describe how the data
were collected
 Describe each step in
sequence
 Provide enough details
for replication

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 Discuss appropriateness
of the design for the
research question
 Address validity
internal validity
external validity

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` 

 For qualitative research  For quantitative


present organized or research
categorized data in order restate the hypothesis
to answer the research state whether you were
question able to support it
present newly discovered present a summary of the
consideration or variables results for the statistical
tests
(if applicable)
use tables, figures, graphs
or charts to present the
results if necessary

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 Oummarize and interpret the


results
 Answer your research question
 Discuss your findings in the
context of previous research
 Discuss implications
 Vdentify limitations
 Ouggest directions for future
research

Aparna Vajpayee
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|eferences:
-- start on a separate page
-- follow APA style
Appendix:
-- consent form
-- survey
-- charts, figures, graphs

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` 

 Provide historical background


 Argue for significance of the topic
 |eview relevant research and identify
gaps/flaws
 Apply a theoretical/conceptual framework (if
applicable)
 Otate your research question/hypothesis
 Operationally define your variables

Aparna Vajpayee
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 The title should include the independent variable and


dependent variable
 The manuscript page header consists of the first couple
of main words of the title
 The running head:
a short descriptive title
should include no more than 50 characters (including spaces and
punctuation)
does not have to be the same as the page header
 se plain type face

Aparna Vajpayee
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"" 
##  
 ` `## `` 

`    
 |   | 
 Presentation of research findings to a specific audience which may
be either technical or popular in orientation. The methodology,
findings, conclusions and recommendation differ considerably in
terms of detail, writing style, use of technical terms and length.

  
 |  : enable another researcher to critique
methodology, check calculations and accuracy

   |  intended for a more general audience, one


that is not conversant with the details of research methods and
terminology

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| 
X 
 
X    
X 
 
  

X   
  
À Objective
À |esults
À Conclusions
À |ecommendations

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X £
À Vntroduction
À Methodology
À |esults
À Limitations
X   
   |  

X  

À Oampling plan
À Data collection forms
À Oupporting tables not included in the body

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 | !"#
 The function of the transmittal is to introduce the
report and say the kind of things that we might may
say if we were to deliver it ion a person. Vt must
contain:

À A mention of the authorization

À A carbon copy notation of receiver

À Any other specific comment regarding this


Aparna Vajpayee
 
 
 The title page should contain a title which conveys the
essence of the study, the date, name of the organization
submitting the report and the name of the recipient
organization. The title should be descriptive and catchy.
 
 ´Profile of car owners in Delhi cityµ
 ´Hard contact lenses: is the market softeningµ

Aparna Vajpayee
     
À Background, purpose and method
À Otatistical Methodology
À Marketing conclusion and recommendation
À |esearch conclusion and summary of findings
À Otatistical section
À Vndex of statistical tables
À Appendix
À Questionnaire
À Exhibits
À Oummary
À Abstract and key word

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 $  ! $ %&#'
!&""|(
À Objective of the research reports
À Nature of the decision problem
À ‰ey results
À Conclusion
À |ecommendation for action
Aparna Vajpayee
|    

|esearchers should plan their report
presentation carefully making sure that
they have suitably designed visual aids
which clearly project salient findings.
Clients cannot be expected to digest a
range of quantitative and qualitative data
merely given verbally.

Aparna Vajpayee
 )
  |   
À Vs the title of the research relevant?

À Does the table of contents reflect


logical sequencing?

À Are all areas of thesis well handled?

À Vs the bibliography adequate?

À Are the tables and appendices follow


order of their reference?

Aparna Vajpayee
Problem Definition, „„Data „„„„„„„„ Pre-report
Research Design Analysis
and Methodology „„„„„„„ „Writing
„„„„„„„ Activities

Interpretation of
Research
findings

Report
Report
„„„
Preparation Writing
Activities

Oral
Presentattion

Post
RESEARCH Reading of the
FOLLOW-UP Report by the Report
client Writing

Aparna Vajpayee