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DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AIRFLOW

MEASUREMENT DEVICE IN PSYCHROMETRIC


CHAMBER FOR AIR CONDITIONER SPLIT TYPE
TESTING ENERGY LABELLING WITH MAXIMUM
CAPACITY 27000BTU/H

Taufan Cahyo Widodo, Ardiansyah, M Idrus Alhamid


OUTLINE

• Background
• Basic Theory
• Methods of research
• Results of research
• Conclusion
• References
BACKGROUND
BASIC THEORY
NOZZLE
CALCULATION OF EER
•  
EER =

Using nozzle box

 
q cooling =
 
= Enthalpy Difference
Using air sampler
METHODS OF RESEARCH
RESULT OF RESEARCH
REFERENCE NOZZLE USE

Flow rate Nozzle Nozzle


PK Nozzle 45mm Nozzle 65mm
(m3/s) 65mm 95mm
0,5 min 0,07   ×    
0,5 0,118       ×
0,75 0,133       ×
1 0,155       ×
1,5 0,184       ×
2 0,274     × ×
2,5 0,313     × ×
2,5 maks 0,368   × × ×
RESULT OF NOZZLE BOX DESIGN
FORMULA TO CALCULATE DIFFERENCE
PRESSURE IN NOZZLE

•  

PERHITUNGAN CD NOZZLE

•  

• 𝜇 = (17.23 + 0.048 𝑡𝑎)𝑥 10−6, 𝜇 = 17.806 𝑥 10-6


REYNOLDS NUMBER VALUE RESULTS

Diameter nozzle V (m/s) Bilangan


(mm) Reynolds

15 45490,28
45
35 106143,99
15 65708,18
65
35 153319,10
15 96035,04
95
35 224081,77
COEFFICIENT OF DISCHARGE VALUE RESULT

Diameter nozzle (mm) V (m/s) Nilai Cd

45 15 0,97

45 35 0,98

65 15 0,97

65 35 0,98

95 15 0,97

95 35 0,98
FORMULA TO CALCULATE ABSOLUTE PRESSURE RATIO(α),
DIAMETER RATIO(β), and EXPANSION FACTOR (γ)

•  
VALUE OF ABSOLUTE PRESSURE RATIO (α)

PK Flow rate (m3/s) nilai α

0,5 min 0,07 0,953

0,5 0,12 0,933

0,75 0,13 0,928


1 0,16 0,92
1,5 0,18 0,91
2 0,27 0,883

2,5 0,31 0,872

2,5 maks 0,37 0,857


VALUE OF EXPANSION FACTOR (γ)

PK nilai γ
0,5 min 0,87
0,5 0,81
0,75 0,80
1 0,78
1,5 0,75
2 0,67
2,5 0,64
2,5 maks 0,60
VALUE OF DIFFERENCE PRESSURE IN NOZZLE

PK Flow rate (m3/s) ∆P (Pa)


0,5 min 0,07 371,5
0,5 0,118 266,9
0,75 0,133 347,6
1 0,155 496,6
1,5 0,184 756,9
2 0,274 562,4
2,5 0,313 804,3
2,5 maks 0,368 821,6
VALUE OF DIFFERENCE PRESSURE IN
PERFORATED PLATE
PK V throat (m/s) ∆P (Pa)

15 0,1
0,5 min
35 0,7
15 0,6
0,5
35 3,0
15 0,6
0,75
35 3,0
15 0,6
1
35 3,0
15 0,6
1,5
35 3,0
15 2,1
2
35 11,4
15 2,1
2,5
35 11,4
15 3,2
2,5 maks
35 17,5
BLOWER SELECTION

• Merk : CKE
• Model : CF-G-DE190/1-HJ
• Diameter Inlet : 8”
• Power : 1,1 kW
• Air flow : 1020-1900 m3/h
• Pressure : 940-660 Pa
• Voltage : 220 V, 1 phase
• Frequency : 50 Hz
• Speed : 2800 rpm
PRESSURE TRANSMITTER SELECTION
FINAL RESULT
CONCLUSSION

1. Design to testing ac with cooling capacity 0,5 – 2,5 PK.


2. Nozzle that used are nozzle with 45 mm, 65 mm, and 95 mm diameter.
3. Reference nozzle use is written above
4. Dimension of nozzle box are 575mm × 575mm × 1200mm
5. Using Low Range Differential Pressure Transmitter Dwyer series 607-7 with maximum
pressure that can be measured is 1244 Pa.
REFERENCES

• Sekretariat PT. PLN (Persero). 2013. Statistik PLN 2013. Indonesia: Sekretariat PT. PLN (Persero).
• Kementrian ESDM. 2015. Peraturan Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Republik Indonesia Nomor: 7 Tahun 2015. Indonesia: Kementrian ESDM
• ASHRAE. 2005. ASHRAE 37: Methods of Testing for Rating Electrically Driven Unitary Air-Conditioning and Heat Pump Equipment. Atlanta, USA: ASHRAE
• ASHRAE. 1987. ASHRAE 41.2 Standard Methods for Laboratory Airflow Measurement. Atlanta, USA: ASHRAE
• Ardiansyah Yatim. 2015. Oil retention and its effects on pressure drop and heat transfer in microchannel heat exchangers of air conditioning and refrigeration
system. Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University
• Lifferth, Spencer Owen. 2007. Design and Construction of a new Psychrometric Chamber. Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University
• Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Testing Laboratory. 2017. JATL Training on Air Conditioner Testing Dec 19-21 2017 at B2TKE-BPPT. Japan: Japan Air
Conditioning and Refrigeration Testing Laboratory
• Dwyer Instrument Inc, 2019, Catalog for Differential Pressure Transmitter, Michigan, Dwyer Instrument Inc
• Morris, Alan S., Langari, Reza. 2016. Measurement and Instrumentation (Second Edition). Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V.