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Ref. No.

: 0105-07-00E
Large Bulldozer course

D375A-6 Work equipment

November 2011
Techno Training Center
Kenji Okumura
Comparison hydraulic circuit
D375A-6 vs. -5E0

CLSS Control valve and a variable piston pump are employed and the hydraulic
circuit is simplified and has higher pressure. Cooling fan circuit is same.
Blade Piping ( Full U- Dual Tilt )
Ripper piping
( Variable giant ripper )
Power source for Pin puller
cylinder comes from Steering
hydraulic system.

Ripper piping to be installed


@ Osaka Plant
PPC control piping
Control pressure (yellow
green) is generated by the
Self Pressure Reducing
Valve(7) and its source
pressure comes from
Cooling fan pump(6).

PPC lock valve(5) is


operated by the mechanical
linkage with the PPC lock
lever.

LS pressure line(green) is
connected to Pump LS
valve.
Control levers & switches
SINGLE

DUAL
Blade lever and Ripper lever

Dual tilt lever

Horn

Single tilt lever Lock lever (PPC lock lever)


Control lever (Dual Tilt)
A toggle switch

Keep pressing, move the lever


for Pitch dump or back.
Control pressure measuring port

To PPC
lock valve

Accumulator

From Self Pressure


Reducing valve
PPC lock valve
PPC lock valve is a mechanical type and connected with a mechanical linkage.

To PPC
valves
From
Accumulator
Parking lever D375A-6 Lock lever

OFF
OFF

You can start the engine


ON when light on parking lamp ON
and safety lamp.

Limit switch (11Y-06-22150)


Hydraulic pump (HPV190 )
Hydraulic pump

The hydraulic pump


( HPV190 ) is mounted on
PTO.

It consists of impeller pump,


main pump, servo piston
and LS valve. The LS
differential pressure, △PLS
is 20 Kg/cm2.

The swash plate angle


control, or LS valve function
is to control Pump discharge
amount proportionally to
operated stroke of control
lever.
Hydraulic pump (HPV190)
Pump outlet to Control valve

LS pressure line & LS valve

Pump pressure fed back to LS valve


Suction line
Lever in Neutral position
When lever is in
Neutral, LS
pressure
becomes zero, so
the Unload
(pump) pressure
pushes the
spool(6) to right.

The pump
pressure charges
on the both end,
large and small of
Servo piston and
the area ratio, 5 :
3 makes
Minimum flow
rate.
△PLS = small, move to Max.
Foe example,
when lever
moves to stroke
end quickly,
pump pressure
drops and △PLS
becomes small.
The spool(6) is
pushed back to
left and the large
end Servo
pressure drains
to tank. It makes
pump flow rate
increased.
( direction to
Max. )
△PLS=large, move to Min.
When lever
returns almost to
Neutral, pump
pressure rises
and △PLS
becomes large,
the spool(6) is
pushed to right.
Pump pressure
flows into Servo
large end and it
makes pump
flow rate
decreases ( to
Min. direction ).
△PLS = 20K, balanced
When a work
equipment is
moving with same
speed, pump flow
rate is constant. At
this moment, the
spool(6) is located
in between
position, to Max.
and to Min.. Pump
pressure flows into
Servo large end
partly and the rest
drains.
Servo large and
small ends
pressures are
balanced 3 : 5.
Control valve(CB22)
Pressure compensation
valves(13) are equipped
only for the Dual tilt spec..
Other spools are not
equipped with Pressure
compensation valves.

Pressure compensation
valves assure same flow
rate to the both tilt
cylinders to move with
same speeds when Pitch
dump or back is operated
even when uneven load is
on right and left sides of
blade.
LS relief & blade spool
The maximum set
pressure is made by LS
relief valve and LS
differential pressure
( Pump LS valve ).

Main relief is only for


peak cut function.
Tilt & ripper spools
Tilt line is equipped with
Suction-Safety valve and
Pressure compensation
valve.

Pressure
Compensation valve

Blind plugs in the


place of Pressure
Compensation valves
Ripper tilt

Ripper tilt
Ripper lift
Ripper lift
Blade tilt (LH)
Blade tilt (LH)
Pressure compensation valve
Blade tilt (RH)
Blade tilt (RH)
Pump pressure
Blade lift Blade lift
check plug
Blade lift
Blade lift

Unload valve Main relief valve


Ls pressure check plug ( Peak cut )
LS relief valve
and main pressure sensor

To Pump LS valve
As same as other CB22 valves, main pressure is adjusted by LS relief valve not
by main relief valve. Main relief pressure = LS relief + LS differential set
Hydraulic circuit ( Dual Tilt )

Only Tilt spools are equipped


with Pressure Compensation
valves, so that LH and RH tilt
cylinders move with same speed
to same direction even when
uneven loads are charged.

Other spools are blinded in the


places of Pressure
Compensation valves, so
simultaneous movement is not
assured ( not necessary ).
Unload valve

At HOLD (neutral ) position, LS pressure is zero. Pump flow rate becomes


minimum and the oil flow is drained from Unload valve(1). In this condition,
Pump pressure is so called ‘Unload pressure’, 25 Kg/cm2.
Right tilt operated :

Right tilt is operated


→PPC pressure out
→Spool(1) moves
→Pump pressure flows
→Oil goes to Tilt cylinder

There is a load check


valve inside Spool(1).
Working (LS) pressure(D)
passes through inside
Spool and goes to
Pressure Compensation
valve(3), Unload valve and
LS valve of Pump.

Pump pressure(J) and LS


pressure(K=D) are
balanced with the
differential pressure set,
20 Kg/cm2.
LS relief at blade tilt
stroke end :
Spool(1) is kept open.
Oil stops to go to
blade tilt but goes to
inside Spool and
then goes to LS relief
valve and Pump.

The relief pressure is


set by the LS Relief
valve + LS differential
pressure, or by the
spring of LS valve of
Pump. 261K + 20K =
281 Kg/cm2 is the set
pressure.

In the transition of
Relief, Pump flow rate is
still high and the
excessive oil drains
through Unload valve.
Single tilt operated :

In the Single tilt mode,


Solenoid selector valve
(1) is in neutral position.
PPC output pressure
goes to only PA4 and
Pump oil flows only to
L.H. tilt cylinder but no
passage for PPC
pressure to PA3 and
PB3. R.H. tilt cylinder
has no movement.

Press ↓↑key
for illustration to
move
Dual tilt operated :

In the Dual tilt mode,


Solenoid selector valve
(1) is in left position.
PPC output pressure
goes to PA4 and PB3.
R.H. and L.H. both tilt
cylinders moves in
opposite way. Tilting
speed and stroke are
larger than Single
mode.

Press ↓↑key
for illustration to
move
Pitch is operated :
In the Pitch mode,
Solenoid selector valve
(1) is in right position.
PPC output pressure goes
to PA4 and PA3
.
R.H. and L.H. both tilt
cylinders moves in same
way to make Pitch
movement, changing
blade angle.
Pressure Compensation
valves work and assure
same flow rate for the
both line with uneven load
and both cylinders move
with same speed and
direction.
Press ↓↑key
for illustration to
move
Dual tilt/ Pitch selector solenoid
Self Pressure Reducing valve
Set pressure by
the Poppet(5)
and Reducing
valve spool(8) is
40.5 Kg/cm2.

Safety valve set


is 50 Kg/cm2.

Control
pressure, PR is
generated by
reducing Fan
pump pressure.
Self Pressure Reducing valve
From Fan
Pump
To
To
EPC valve
PPC valve

To
Fan Motor
Blade starts to lower
Blade PPC valve has a different spool for the
Float position. The spool of ‘lower’ side is
same with others but the ‘Raise’ side spool
has a different structure.
Chamber
E Blade PPC ‘lower’ spool is starting to go down
and the other side one is going up. At this
moment the chamber E is connected to drain
through a small orifice. There is no pressure
in the chamber E.

Press ↓↑key
for illustration to
move
Blade ‘Float’- hydraulic detent
After the stroke end of lowering, pushing the
lever more to lower side makes the ‘Float’
position. The PPC pressure P flows into the
lower side B and the pressure oil P1 flows
Chamber into the chamber E through a groove on the
E Raise side spool.

This pressure keeps the lever in the Float


position without holding the lever by hand.

Press ↓↑key
for illustration to
move
PPC valves
Each PPC port is
equipped with a
pressure switch to
send ON/OFF signal
to WE controller.

When it is turned ON
or lever is operated,
the signal works for Hi
idle cut (Auto-Decel.)
cancelling, SSC
working and working
hours data collecting
for VHMS.

FWD
Left : Ripper Right : Blade
Quick drop valve
for faster speed & vacuum prevention
Quick drop valve

D375A-6 @ Rokko Plant


Blade lift cylinder
piston valve to reduce stroke end shock
Pin puller cylinder
Pin puller solenoid valve
and cylinder
D155AX-6 @ Rokko

D375A-6 @ Osaka
Hydraulic circuit – Dual tilt
PPC valve
Control valve

Dual tilt/ pitch selector


valve

Hydraulic
Self Pressure pump
Reducing valve

Fan pump

Fan motor