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MEDIBOX –IOT ENABLED

PATIENT ASSISTING
DEVICE
ABSTRACT

 The health and wellness sector is critical to human society and as such should be one of the first
to receive the benefits of upcoming technologies like IoT.
 Some of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) are connected to IoT networks to onitor the
day-to-day activities of the patients. Recently there has been attempts to design new medical
devices which monitor nthe medications and help aged people for a better assisted living.
 In this paper, one such attempt is made to design a multipurpose portable intelligent device
named MEDIBOX which helps the patients take their medications at the right time.
 This box is a proficient system which maintains the parameters like temperature and humidity
in a controlled range recommended by the drug manufacturer and thus maintains the potency of
the medicines even if the patient is travelling.
EXISTING SYSTEM

 In existing system, the patients taking a tablets in manually

Disadvantage :
 Care taker should need.
 Forgetting to take a tablet at fixed time.
 No alert system for unavailable of medicines.
PROPOSED SYSTEM

 In this system, automatic alert system implemented for the patients.

Advantage:
 No care taker needed.
 Alert the patient to take a medicine on time.
 We can see status whether the patient taken the tablets or not.
 it can remind unavailability of medicines.
BLOCK DIAGRAM

Power
Supply

Yellow LED Micro Ultrasonic


  controller Sensor 1
Green LED  
 
Ultrasonic
Red LED Sensor 2
   
Ultrasonic
IR Sensor
  Sensor 3
 
MOTOR
 
Buzzer 
IOT
LED
 
WORKING PRICIPLES

 In our system, three ultrasonic sensors are used to indicate the level of medicine in Medi-box.
 A Yellow led, Green LED and Red Led are connected respectively to indicate the levels in light
vision when the level of medicine is crossed below ultrasonic sensor one it will trigger the
yellow LED and automatically a status will be uploaded to the IOT, the level of medicine is
crossed below ultrasonic sensor two it will trigger the green LED again a status will be
uploaded to IOT and also a generate a alert SMS using GSM Module to the patient or care taker.
 when it reaches the ultrasonic sensor three. Triggers the Red LED, a call to a care taker or
patient and a statement to the IOT that the box almost empty.
 IR sensor is used to detect the no of times the box opened and medicine taken at the same time
status will be uploaded to the IOT with date and time. Finally a SOS system is implemented to
remind the patient to take their medicine on time.
HARDWARE COMPONENTS:

 Microcontroller
 Green LED
 Yellow LED
 Red Led
 Ultrasonic sensors
 IR Sensor
 IOT
 Buzzer
 LCD
 MOTOR
SOFTWARE COMPONENTS

 Microcontroller program complier


 IOT Cloud
Arduino
 Arduino Uno is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328P. It has 14
digital input/output pins (of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs), 6 analog
inputs, a 16 MHz quartz crystal, a USB connection, a power jack, an ICSP
header and a reset button

 It contains everything needed to support

the microcontroller; simply connect it to a

computer with a USB cable or power it

with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to

get started.
ARDUINO pin diagram
MICROCONTROLLER

 The main controlling unit of the proposed system is the microcontroller. The main
features of microcontroller and particularly PIC Microcontroller is discussed here.

 A microcontroller consists of a powerful CPU tightly coupled with memory


[RAM,ROM or EPROM],various I/O features such as serial ports, parallel ports
,timer/counters, interrupt controller ,data requisition interface , Analog to digital
converter[ADC],digital to analog converter, everything integrated into a single
silicon chip.
POWER SUPPLY
ACInput
Input Bridge Voltage
Voltage
AC Bridge
(Transformer) Rectifier Rectifier Regulator
Regulator
(Transformer) Rectifier Rectifier
(LM7805)
(LM7805)

MCU
MCU
POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

D1

1
VDD
JP2
2 - + 4 1 2
2 V IN V O U T VDD
1 U2
7805 R4

GND
220 VAC C5 C6 C7 220 ohm
470 uF 100 uF 0 .1 u F

3
D2

3
LED
POWER SUPPLY

• The operation of power supply circuits built using filters, rectifiers, and then voltage
regulators.

• Starting with an AC voltage, a steady DC voltage is obtained by rectifying the AC


voltage

• Then filtering to a DC level, and finally, regulating to obtain a desired fixed DC


voltage.

• The regulation is usually obtained from an IC voltage regulator Unit, which takes a
DC voltage and provides a somewhat lower DC voltage, Which remains the same
even if the input DC voltage varies, or the output Load connected to the DC voltage
changes.
LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY (LCD)
 Most common LCDs connected to the microcontrollers are 16x2 and 20x2
displays.

 This means 16 characters per line by 2 lines and 20 characters per line by 2
lines, respectively.

 The standard is referred to as HD44780U, which refers to the controller chip


which receives data from an external source (and communicates directly with
the LCD.
LCD
 The LCD standard requires 3 control lines and 8 I/O lines for the data bus.
 8 data pins D7:D0
Bi-directional data/command pins.
Alphanumeric characters are sent in ASCII format.
 RS:  Register Select
RS = 0 -> Command Register is selected
RS = 1 -> Data Register is selected
 R/W: Read or Write
0 -> Write,  1 -> Read
  E: Enable (Latch data)
The 8 data lines are connected to PORT 1 of 8051 microcontroller.
The three control lines ( RS, RW and EN ) are connected to PORT 3.5,3.6
and 3.7 respectively.
LCD DIAGRAM
Ultrasonic Sensor

 The main purpose of this project is to measure the distance to unreachable objects,
obstacles or places using a portable device.

 This device detects the distance to an object and shows the result in centimeters.

 This device is activated by a trigger mechanism, pressing the trigger for one time will
give us the distance to an object if there was no error like poor aiming. The distance to an
object is displayed using a digital display with a high intensity in order to be seen in any
lighting conditions