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STATISTICS

Statistics is the branch of science that deals with


• Collection of data
• Summarization of data
• Analysis of data
• Presentation of data and
• Interpretation of data
OR
It is science concerns with the collection ,presentation, and analysis of data and to draw valid
inferences from the given data.
Data

Data is information usually numerically that are collected through


observation or experiment.
For example:
Number of corona Patients.
Uses of statistics
◦ Statistics are used to organize and summarize the information so that the researcher can see what
happened in the research study and can communicate the results to others.
◦ Statistics helps in collecting appropriate quantitative data.
◦ To predict the decision regarding future outcomes.
◦ To estimate the unknown quantities.
◦ To establish association between factors.
◦ Quality testing is another use of statistics in every area of life.
Why statistics
◦ Knowledge in statistics provides you with the necessary tools and
conceptual foundations in quantitative reasoning to extract information
intelligently from this sea of data.
• Statistical methods and analyses are often used to communicate research
findings and to support hypotheses and give credibility to research
methodology and conclusions.
•It is important for researchers and also consumers of research to
understand statistics so that they can be informed, evaluate the credibility
and usefulness of information, and make appropriate decisions.
Role of statistics in social work:
◦ Understanding statistical concepts is essential for social work professionals. It
is key to understanding research and reaching evidence-based decisions in
your own practice.
◦ When conducting social work research with the goal of advancing the
knowledge in the field, statistics is an essential tool that enables social workers
to draw a story out of the mountains of statistical data unearthed. According to
the definition of statistics, it is the science of collecting, analyzing, summarizing,
and making inferences from data sets. Since conducting research means you
have to make sense of all the data compiled, statistics are enormously
important for drawing accurate conclusions about the topic being examined in
the research.
Branches of Statistics
There are two branches of statistics

◦ Discriptive Statistics
◦ Inferential Statistics
Discriptive Statistics

Descriptive statistics are statistical procedures used to summarize ,


organize or simplify data. Provide description of population either
through numerical calculation or graphs or tables data
Inferential Statistics

Inferential statistics consists of techniques that allow us to study


samples and then make generalizations about the population from
which they are selected.
Branches