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Introduction to Classical

Mythology
Mythos
is the study and interpretation of
often sacred tales or fables of a
culture known as myths or the
collection of such stories which
deal with various aspects of the
story of t h e pe o pl e human condition:

- (Greece) 1st western


civilization 2,000 BC
- Greek myth 700 BC
Show us the way (thought and felt)
We have come to appreciate the Greek
and Roman mythology because:
Little distinction between the real
and unreal;
Identifies Cardinal Virtues (JWCM)
THE MYTHOLOGY OF THE GREEKS

• Study of an early man how he look at their surroundings

• Mankind become the center of the universe (Revolution).


• Through their pigment of imagination they created different
kinds of Structure
• Egypt
• Mesopotamia
• Saint Paul Said the invisible must be understood by the visible
The literature and other archeological resources help dev. The greek myth (proved that stories and legends may be
rooted in factual events)
• 3 classical collection of myths
are:
- Theogony : Hesiod
Start from creation (world) to the war of Gods
and through the establishment Parthenon of Gods

- Iliad and Odyssey : Homer


• The myths is the creation
of great poets
- First written record
(Iliad) Epic
Help passing down the myth from one
generation to other
THE MYTHOLOGY OF THE GREEKS

• Express clarity and beauty


• Prophecy
• Life of gods and heroes
• Mount Olympus their abode
(Rank)
• Not a sacred Book
• Do not throw clear light in
early mankind (Descendants
intellectually, artistically and
politically)
THE MYTHOLOGY OF THE GREEKS

• Pure entertainment
• Comedy
• Mythical creatures
• Heroes
• Justice (Philemon and Baucis)
• Early Literature as well as early Science
– Pygmalion and Galatea
– Quest of the golden fleece
– Orpheus and Eurydice
1. OVID
7. APULEIUS
2. HOMER
8. LUCIAN
3. HESIOD 9. PINDAR
4. AESCHYLUS 10.PAUSANIAS
5. APOLLODORUS 11.VIRGIL
6. ARISTOPHANES
1. OVID
roman

• -A Latin poet (reign of Augustus).


• - He is compendium of mythology. No Greek writer can
compare to him in this respect.

• Written work:
- Metamorphoses
2. HESIOD
Greek

• Hesiod was a poor farmer who lived a bitter life in


the eight or ninth century.

• Written work:
- Theogony
3. HOMER
Greek

• -One of the chief writers.


• The poems are in Homeric Greek, also known
as Epic Greek
• Written works:
- Iliad & odyssey
4. AESCHYLUS
Greek
• -The oldest of the three tragic poets and
a contemporary of Pindar’s.

• -All their plays have mythological


subjects.

• Work:
- Agamemnon
5. APOLLODORUS
Greek

• He is the most voluminous ancient


writer on mythology

• Work:
- The Library of Greek
mythology
APOLLONIUS
OF RHODES
Greek

• Told at length the Quest of the Golden Fleece, and also a number
of myths. He and other three Alexandrians (Theocritus, Bion and
Moschus)
6. ARISTOPHANES
Greek
• -The great writer of comedy who lived in the last part of the fifth
century..

• - works often refers to the myths (The clouds), great prose writers
(Herodotus and Plato.)
7. APULEIUS
Greek
• -A Latin writer in second century
A.D. who wrote the famous story of
Cupid and Psyche.
8. LUCIAN
Greek
• -A Greek writer in the second century
A.D. who writes like no one except
himself. (Sci-fi)

• Work:
- A True Story
9. PINDAR
Greek
• -The greatest lyric poet of Greece (sixth
century).

• -He wrote odes in honor of the victors at the


great national festivals of Greece.

• Work:
-Victory Odes
10. PAUSANIAS
Greek
• -The author of the first guidebook ever
written. (Recorder)

• -Being an ardent traveler, he has a good deal


to say about mythological events reported to
have happened in the places he visited.
11. VIRGIL
Roman

• -A Roman writer who did not believe in myths.


• -He brought mythological personages to life as no one
had done since the Greek tragedians.

• Work:
- Aeneid
OTHERS

• -Other Romans like CATULLUS and HORACE wrote


several myths and alluded to them, but neither is
important in mythology.

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