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ことば

Department store デパート としょかん Library


びじゅつかん Art museum ぎんこう Bank
べんきょうします to study やすみます to rest
おきます to wake up はたらきます to work
ねます to sleep おわります to finish
Time expressions
O’ clock ( ji ) Minutes ( fun/ pun )

1 Ichi ji 1 ippun
2 Ni ji 2 Ni fun
3 San ji 3 San pun
4 Yo ji 4 Yon pun
5 Go ji 5 Go fun
6 Roku ji 6 roppun
7 Shichi ji 7 Nana fun
8 Hachi ji 8 happun
9 Ku ji 9 Kyuu fun
10 Juu ji 10 jippun/juppun
11 Juu ichi ji 15 Juu go fun
12 Juu ni ji 30 sanjuppun/han
Let’s practice!
1. 12:10
juuni ji juppun
2. 6:30
roku ji han
3. 5:11
go ji juuippun
4. 4:09
yo ji kyuu fun
5. 9:15
ku ji juugo fun
Ima nanji desuka.
What time is it now?
いま なんじ ですか。

Nanji is an interrogative to ask what time.


Nanfun/Nanpun How many minutes?

Geographical location can be used as topic.


Examples:

Manila wa ima nanji desuka 。


In Manila what time is it now?
Pres/Pos Pres/Neg Past/Pos Past/Neg

Nemasu Nemasen Nemashita Nemasendeshita

Owarimasu Owarimasen Owarimashita Owarimasendeshita

Yasumimasu Yasumimasen Yasumimashita Yasumimasendeshita

Okimasu Okimasen Okimashita Okimasendeshita

Hatarakimasu Hatarakimasen Hatarakimashita hatarakimasendeshita

Nomimasu Nomimasen Nomimashita Nomimasendeshita


Conjugate
1. Yasumimasu pres/neg
2. Mimasu past/pos
3. Benkyoushimasu past/neg
4. Owarimasu pres/neg
5. Okimasu past/pos
6. Aimasu past/neg
7. Shimasu pres/neg
8. Kaimasu past/neg
9. Oyogimasu pres/neg
10. Suimasu past/pos
Sentence examples

1. Maiasa 6:00ji ni okimasu.


Every morning I wake up at 6:00.
2. Kinou 6:00ji ni okimashita.
Yesterday I woke up at 6:00.
3. Maiasa 6:00ji ni okimasen.
Every morning I do not wake up at 6:00.
4. Ototoi 6:00ji ni okimasendeshita.
The day before yesterday I did not wake up at 6:00.
Topic + Adv. of Time + Time
+ Verb
Rei:
Every night I sleep at 12:00.
Maiban 12:00 ni nemasu.
1. Yesterday I studied at 9:00 pm.
2. The day before yesterday I did not finish at
7:00.
3. Tomorrow at 12:30 I will not rest.
4. I did not work yesterday night at 6:00.
5. Mr. Tanaka sleeps at 11:00 every night.
Let’s practice!
1. Kesa (benkyoushimashita, benkyoushimasu)
2. Kinou (yasumimasu, yasumimashita)
3. Ashita (owarimasen, owarimasendeshita)
4. Ototoi (owarimashita, owarimasu)
5. Kinou no ban (nemasendeshita, nemasen)
6. Maiasa (hatarakimasu, hatarakimashita)
7. Hiru (okimasen, okimasendeshita)
8. Mainichi (yasumimasen, yasumimasendeshita)
9. Konban (benkyoushimasu, benkyoushimashita)
10.Asatte (owarimashita, owarimasu)
QUESTIONS
1. Ashita nanji ni owarimasuka.
2. Kinou nanji ni benkyoushimashitaka.
3. Kesa nanji ni okimashitaka.
4. Maiban nanji ni nemasuka.
5. Konban nanji ni yasumimasuka.
Time に Verb
に  is added when the noun before it uses a
numeral. It can also be added to the days of the
week, though it is not essential. Adverbs of
time do not take particle に。
Examples
1. 4 ji han に okimasu.
2. 9ji に benkyoushimashita.
3. Nichiyoubi に yasumimasu.
4. 7gatsu に hatarakimasu.
5. Kinou(x) owarimashita.
6. Ashita(x) benkyoushimasu.
7. Maiasa(x) hatarakimasu.
5. N1 kara N2 made

Kara – indicates the starting time/place


Made – indicates the finishing time/place
Examples:
a. 9ji kara 5ji made hatarakimasu.
I work from 9 to 5.

b. Getsuyoubi kara kinyoubi made benkyoushimasu.


I study from Mondays thru Fridays.

c. Asa kara ban made yasumimasu.


I take a rest from morning until evening.
d. LPU kara Bayleaf made 5fun kakarimasu.
It takes 5mins from LPU to Bayleaf.

e. Kyou kara asatte made benkyoushimasu.


I will study today until the day after tomorrow.
2) kara and made are not always used together.

Examples:
a. 9ji kara hatarakimasu.
I work from 9.

b. 5ji made benkyoushimasu.


I study until 5.

c. Getsuyoubi kara yasumimasu.


I will take a rest starting Monday.
3) –kara,-made or –kara –made is sometimes
used with desu added directly after either.

Examples:
a. Ginkou wa 9ji kara 3ji made です。
The bank is open from 9 to 3.
b. Yasumi wa 12ji kara です。
Rest time starts at 12.
Translation

1. I study from 11:30 until 1:00 everyday.


2. The post office is from 8:00 until 5:00 pm.
3. Yesterday I rested from 6:00 until 9:00 pm.
4. I worked from 7:30 am yesterday.
5. It takes 30 minutes from Quiapo until LPU.
6. N1 to N2
to – connects 2 nouns in coordinate relation.

Examples:
a. Ginkou no yasumi wa doyoubi to nichiyoubi desu 。
The bank is closed on Saturdays and Sundays.

b. Nihongo to eigo wa benkyoushimashita.


I studied Japanese and English.
Examples
1. Book and pencil ( hon to empitsu)
2. Library and canteen (toshokan to shokudou)
3. You and I (anata to watashi)
4. Japanese and English (nihongo to eigo)
5. Chocolates and flowers (chokoreeto to hana)
7. ne
ne is attached to the end of a sentence to add
feeling to what the speaker says. It shows the
speaker’s sympathy or the speaker’s
expectation that the listener will agree.
Example:
a. Mainichi 10ji made benkyoushimasu.
I study till ten everyday.
… taihen desune.
… that must be hard.

b. Yamada san no denwa bangou wa 773-7812 です。


Mr. Yamada’s phone number is 773-7812.
… 773- 7812 desune.
… 773- 7812, right?
  終わり
メイー先生
201 4 年 01 月 16 日