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Finite Element Modeling of Reinforced Concrete

Beam Column Joint.

Presented By

1. MD. SHOFIKUR RAHMAN ID# 071055046

2. MD. SHAMIM HOSSAIN ID# 071054046

3. ALI AHSAN HABIB ID# 071053046

4. M. AMINUL ISLAM HOWLADER ID# 071097046


Outline of The Presentation

 Introduction
 Objectives
 Literature Review
 Finite Element Modeling
 Results
 Conclusion
Introduction

Beam-Column joint should be


proportioned to resists forces at
critical sections.
Objective
 Exterior RCC Column and Beam Joint
Modeling by Finite Element.
 Effect of beam depth on moment of the beam-
column joint.
 Study of Moment-Rotation (M-Φ) Relation.
Literature Review

 Bond-slip of reinforcement in joints- Russo, Zingone and


Romano (1990)
 Effect of inelastic cycle loading on high-strength RC
connections –Alameddine and Ehsani (1991)
 RC frames subjected to lateral loads-Qi and
Pantazopopulou (1991)
FE Modeling

 Solid Geometry

a) Beam length from


column 10 ft.
b) Column length from
beam bottom 10 ft.
c) Column length from
beam top 10 ft.
d) Beam depth 10,12
and 14 inch.
 Modeling of concrete

a) Use element Plane 42 2-D.


b) Four nodded.
c) Two degrees of freedoms
at each node (Ux & Uy).
Modeling of concrete area.

area
Modeling of Reinforcements

a) Use element Link-1


2D spar.

b) two degrees of
freedom at each
node (Ux & Uy).
Modeling of Reinforcement.
Modeling of Mesh

a) Mesh Beam
Column.
b) 12” Mesh.
Materials Properties
 
Materials Element Modulus of Poisson’s
types Elasticity Ratio
Concrete Plane 42 3000X10³ psi 0.17
Reinforcement Link1, 30000X10³psi 0.30
Load and Boundary Condition

 Columns end condition


considered fixed.Ux=0 and Uy=o
for both ends of column
Load and Boundary Condition

 Use Coupling between


reinforcement and
concrete nodes of
beams top and bottom
by one dof Fy.

 Apply 5000 lb
upwards from beams
free end.
Result

 Deformed shape of FE
Model.
Table:Finite element analysis results
Beam depth Load Horizontal reaction
(in) (lb) at end (lb)
10 5000 7843.30
12 5000 7843.90
14 5000 7855.00
Beam Depth VS Reaction
Table: RESULTS FROM FE ANALYSIS
Beam 10
Rotation Deg. Reaction (lb) length Moment
(Φ)
(in) (k-in)

2 16944 120 2033


4 33928 120 4071
6 50993 120 6119
8 68180 120 8182
10 85569 120 10268
Table: RESULTS FROM FE ANALYSIS
Beam 12
Rotation
Deg.
Reaction length Moment
(lb) (in) (k-in)
(Φ)

2 25809 120 3097


4 51680 120 6202
6 77674 120 9321
8 103850 120 12462
10 130340 120 15641
Table: RESULTS FROM FE ANALYSIS
Beam 14
Rotation Reaction length Moment
Deg. (lb) (in) (k-in)
(Φ)

2 35376 120 4245


4 70836 120 8500
6 106470 120 12776
8 142350 120 17082
10 178650 120 21438
Conclusion

 With The Increase of Beam Depth The


Moment of The Joint Increases.
Questions ?