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MEPL 2x150 MW

CHAITANYA KRISHNA
( MECHANICAL
This paper of water treatment process in MEPL2 x 150 MW gives the over all
idea on water flow and treatment system. . Source of water is Kandaleru
creek . Water from kandaleru creek is pumped with 2 pumps capacity 2500
m3/hr (2 x 2500 m3/hr). It reaches pretreatment plant through 700 mm dia
GRP pipe line .( Glass reinforced plastic ). Purpose of treatment is to obtain
normal water parameters i.e to remove salinity in sea water ,and to obtain
required parameters for process .This will be achieved in five stages.
1.pretreament. 2.Filteration 3. Sea water Reverse osmosis 4. Brackish water
RO 5.DM Plant.
Pretreatment : In pretreatment plant for Bactria killing ,Clarification. It
includes chemical dosing and klaritube settlers. This water from
klaritubesettlers (2x 1260 m3/hr) fall into clarified water storage tank
capacity (8000m3)
Filtration plant:274 m3 /hr) Filtration plant includes 4 filters 2 PSF
(pressurized sand filters ) and 2 DMF
( Dual media filters) through filter feed pumps .
SWRO:( 3 streams 96m3/hr each) Salinity in water can be removed in this
process up to <30 parts per thousand .which is used service and potable
water stored in three compartments of permeate tank ( total 4
compartments in permeate tank). Reject of system is given to sea.

BWRO : .(3 streams 54.87m3/hr each) Brackish water system is to maintain


salinity <0.5. product of this is filled in 4th compartment of permeate tank,
reject of this system is given to CWST.
DM plant : .(2 streams 30 m3/hr each) As per requirement of process with
required parameters DM water is stored in DM tanks of capacity 300 m3
capacity of two tanks
This water is used for process through DM transfer pumps ( 3x17 m3/hr).
Raw water source -------------- KANDALERU CREEK
Raw water quality :
Standard seawater composition
Ion
Concentration (mg/L)
calcium 410
Magnesium 1,310
Sodium 10,900
Potassium 390
Barium 0.05
Strontium 13
Iron <0.02
Manganese <0.01
Silica 0.04 - 8
Chloride 19,700
Sulphate 2,740
Fluoride 1.4
Bromide C 65
Nitrate <0.7
Bicarbonate 152
Boron 4–5
Other
TDS 35,000
mg/L
Ph 8.1
WATER QUALITY SUMMARY
S. No Parameters Surface Ground Drinking Water
water water StandardsIS-10500
samples samples Desirable Acceptable
Limits Limits

1 pH 8.2 - 8.3 6.8 - 8.3 6.5-8.5 6.5-8.5


2 TDS, mg/l 27220 – 182 – 3654 500 2000
29484
3 Total Hardness, 5410 – 6870 84 – 754 300 600
mg/l

4 Chlorides as Cl , 15824 – 45 – 1388 250 1000


mg/l 16610
5 Fluoride as F, mg/l 1.29 – 1.30 0.51 – 1.1 1.0 1.5

6 Sulphates as SO4, 1175 – 1652 28 - 267 200 400


mg/l
7 Total Coliform, Nil Nil Should be Should be
MPN/100 ml absent absent
C omparison of Surfac e Water,
G roundwater and Seawater

Parameter Surfac e Water G roundwater Sea Water

Temperature Variable C onstant Variable


Suspended solids Low– High Absent Low- High
Turbidity Low– High Very low Low
Organic matter Low– High Very low-Low Low– High
Dissolved oxygen Near saturation Nearly absent Near saturation
Salinity Low– Medium Medium– High Very High
Water….Physical Properties
Appearance : Clear Turbid Milky Color
Smell (Odor) : Petroleum Hydrogen Sulfide
Turbidity (NTU) : Measure of finally divided TSS
that achieve Colloidal Dimension.
Suspended Solids : Measure of Impurities that are
Suspended and can be
removed by Clarification, filtration.
Salinity : Removed in RO system
Dissolved Solids : Measure of Dissolved impurities.
Sum of Impurities that occupy
Inter Molecular Space. Removed
in DM.plant.
Conductivity : Part of Dissolved Solids that is
fully or partially Ionized e.g. NaCl,
CaHCO3.
pH : - log [H+] , Neutral = 7.0
Acidic < 7.0 > Basic
Gases : CO2 , O2, H2S

Floating Matter : Wood Chips, Plants, Oil

Clay, Silt, Organic Matter, Turbidity

Colloids

H+ OH-

Na+ K+ HCO3- CO3--

Ca++ Mg++ Cl- SO4-- NO3-


++ ++
Fe Mn PO4---
Silica

Organics, COD Micro Organisms


Ultasonic Flow

Chemical Purpose Transmitter

Chlorine Remove micro-organisms

FeCl3 Remove suspended Solid

Lime Adjust pH

Polymer Support Alum (Reaction)

Sulphuric Maintain pH(DM


Acid/HCl Regeneration)
• FLOW CHART 3xFOR WTP AT MEPL
Obrivations:
KL – Klaritube settler
CWST - Clarified water storage tank
2X1260 SWRO – Sea Water Reverse Osmosis
BWRO - Brackish water RO
CUM/Hr DST - Desalination Storage Tank
DM Plant - De mineralization plant
KL1
KANDALERU CWST FILTERATION SWR
CREEK (8000 PLANT(274 O
(2 X 2500 CUM) CUM/hr) 3 x 96
CUM/hr) KL2 cum/hr

DM
TANK
300
CUM
DST BWRO PERMEATE DM PLANT
(1650 (3 x TANK 2 X 30
CUM ) 57.875 (200 CUM ) CUM/Hr
CUM/hr)
DM
TANK
300
CUM
SEA WATER INTAKE PUMP HOUSE
EQUIPMENT
RWP-1

.
RWP-2
EQUIPMENT IN
TRAVELLI
INTAKE SYSTEM : NG
1.STOP LOG GATE SCREEN

2.TRASHRACK TRASH
RACK
3.TRAVELLING
SCREEN] SCREEN WASH
PUMPS
4.SCREEN WASH
PUMPS
STOP LOG
5.RAW WATER GATE
PUMPS
Obrivation :
RWP – Raw water Pump
SEA WATER INTAKE PUMPS : 2 NOS ( Raw Water Pumps )
1 working & 1 STAND BY:

PUMP CAPACITIES :
DUTY POINT :
Vertical motor : DISCHARGE :
MAKE : ABB/MARATHON 2500CUM/HR
RATING : 280KW 694.44LPS
SPEED: 992 RPM IN TOTAL HEAD : 25M
VOLTAGE : 0.6KV PUMP INPUT: 201.51KW
FRAME : HXR 400 LD6 PUMP SPEED : 980 RPM
SP GRAVITY : 1.03
PRE TREATMENT PLANT
kl1
RW
P Stilling Parshal Flash
chamb flume mixer
er

kl2

CHEMICAL BUILDING
Chlorination FeCl
PE lime
3
SMB
S

SMB S - sodium meta


bisulphate
PE - polyelectrolyte
FeCl3 -Ferric chloride
STILLING CHAMBER : To maintain
contstant flow and break the turbulance
in flow .

FLASH MIXER : FeCl3 as Coagulant and


poly electrolyte as Flocculant are dosed
in flash mixer before going to klaritube
settler .

PARSHAL FLUME : Ultrasonic flow meter


is installed to measure to flow.
CHLORINATION

Chlorine not only removes bacteria but also eliminate taste, colour
and controls algae, protozoa and fungi, improve coagulation and
oxidies of iron and manganese.
Chlorine reacts with water to form hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and
HCl
H2O + Cl2 HOCl + HCl
HOCl H+ + Ocl-

HOCL HCl +O(BACTERIAISKILLED)


Raw water chlorination

Chlorine
Chlorination toners
Booster skid
pumps

Ejector
system

water
B raw
700N

line

Chlorination will be done either in stilling


chamber ,or in pipe line .
Cooling water chlorination

Chlorine
Chlorination toners
Booster skid
pumps

Ejector
system

COOLING TOWER SUMP


FILTERATION PLANT (2 x 274 cum/hr)
FILTER FEED PSF-
PUMPS 1
KL1 ( 274 CUM/Hr)

PSF-2
CWST
8000
CUM DMF-
1
KL2
DMF-
2

CWST - Clarified water


storage tank
PSF - Pressure sand filter
DMF- Dual Media filter
SWRO PLANT (3 x 96 cum/hr)

CF- CF- CF-


1 2 3
SWRO HP PUMPS

SWRO- SWRO- SWRO-


1 2 3

SWRO 3
streams
Each of 96
Antiscale cum/hr
SMBS nt

CF- Cartridge filter


SWRO-Sea water Reverse
Osmosis
SMBS- Sodium meta bi
Brakish water and Sea
water
Water salinity based on dissolved
salts in parts per thousand (ppt)
Fresh water Brackish water
Saline water Brine< 0.5 0.5
– 30 30 – 50 > 50
( BWRO plant- 3x 54.875cum/hr)
Degasser
Blower

SWRO SWRO PERMEATE


FOR SERVICE SWRO PERMEATE
BWRO PERMEATE
WATER AND FOR FIRE WATER
PERMEATE STORAGE FOR POTABLE WATER STORAGE TANK
200 CUM BWRO FEED STORAGE TANK 1100 CUM
150 CUM 400 CUM

Ro feedpumps
BWRO - Brackish
water Reverse
Osmasis
DM FEED
PUMPS

BWR BWRO HP CF- CF- CF-


0 PUMPS 4 5 6

PLANT
DM PLANT(2streams x 30 cum/hr) (capacity-
30cum/hr)
DM Feed pumps

SAC- SAC- SBA- SBA- MB- MB-


1 2 1 2 1 2

DM
SAC- Strong acid Tank- DM
cation 1 TANK-
SBA- Strong base 300 2
Anion m3 300m3
MB-Mixed Bed filter
TO PROCESS
SLUDGE SYSTEM

KL1 KL2

BLOW DOWN TO SLUDGE


PIT

SLUDGE
TRANSFER PUMPS
SLUDGE PIT

44
cum /hr CREEK
SWRO CLEANING SYSTEM

CCF-1 CIT-2

Swro
-1
DRAIN TO N-
Swro- PIT
2

Swro- CCF-Cleaning cartridge


3 filter
CIT-Cleaning inspection
tank
BWRO CLEANING SYSTEM

CCF-2 CIP-1

Bwro
-1 DRAIN TO N-
PIT
Bwro-
2

Bwro- CCF-Cleaning cartridge


3 filter
CIT-Cleaning inspection
tank
MORPHOLINE DOSING SYSTEM
TO PROCESS

DMTANK- MORPHOLIN
2 DM TFR E DOSING
300m3
PUMPS SYSTEM

Morpholine dosing
pumps

DMTANK-
1300m3
Potable water system
Permeate tank SWRO
SWRO PERMEATE PERMEATE
SWRO PERMEATE FOR FOR SERVICE
STORAGE BWRO
FIRE WATER STORAGE WATER AND
POTABLE WATER FOR PERMEATE
TANK BWRO
STORAGE TANK 200 CUM
1100 CUM 400 CUM FEED
150 CUM
Potabl
ewate
r tank
Potable water
pumps
Lime Potabl
NaO
NaOH
Soda
ash Cl Stone e
colum water
n tank

Dosing pumps
DM Regeneration system
SAK SHL

MA
MHL MHL MAK
K
SAC MB MB
SAK

32x37 m3/hr
Desalinationtank

DM FEED
permeate
SWRO

PUMP
tank

SA SB
C A MB

N-pIT
CMB

SAK SHL
CMB
Continued.

MODIFICATIONS,REJECT(EFFLUENT)
SYSTEM, INTERLOCKS ,PROTECTIONS,
SEQUENCE OF OPERATIONS, WILL BE GIVEN
PROGRESSIVELY.

References: 1.DRG No pp064 M 002


2. DRG NOWFMAA00025

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