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MULTI STAGE HYDRO- KINETIC TORQUE CONVERTER

DIS-ADVANTAGE WITH THE POPULAR THREE ELEMENT TORQUE COVERTER ITS STALL TORQUE RATIO IS ONLY IN THE REGION OF 2:1 WHICH IS INSUFFICENT FOR SOME APPLICATIONS BUT THIS TORQUE MULTIPLICATION CAN BE DOUBLED BY INCREASING THE NO OF TURBINE & STATOR MEMBERS,WITH THE CONVERTER MORE STAGES OF CONVERSION

MULTI STAGE TORQUE CONVERTER

MULTI-STAGE (SIX ELEMENT) TORQUE CONVERTER IT IS COMPRISED OF ONE IMPELLER THREE INTERLINKED OUTPUT TURBINES TWO FIXED STATOR MEMBERS TRACING THE CONVERSION VORTEX CIRCUIT, STARTING FROM THE INPUT ROTATING MEMBER

PRINCIPLE OF THE MULTI STAGE TORQUE CONVERTER


FLUID IS PUMPED FROM THE IMPELLER PUMP BY CENTRIFUGAL FORCE TO

THE
TWO VELOCITY COMPONENTS Vt & Vr MAKING UP THE RESULTANT VELOCITY Vp Vp ENTERS BETWEEN THE FIRST TURBINE BLADES T1 AND SO, IMPARTS SOME OF ITS HYDRO-KINETIC ENERGY TO THE OUTPUT r= RADIAL t= TANGENTIAL FLUID THEN PASSES WITH A VELOCITY Vt1 TO THE FIRST FIXED STATOR S1

AT THE FIRST FIXED STATOR S1 IT IS GUIDED & RE-DIRECTED WITH A

RESULTANT VELOCITY Vs1 MADE UP FROM THE RADIAL & TANGENTIAL VELOCITIES Vr & Vt
TO THE SECOND SET OF TURBINE BLADES T2 SO THAT THE MOMENTUM IS GIVEN TO THIS MEMBER FLUID IS NOW TRANSFERD FROM THE EXIT OF THE SECOND TURBINE T2 TO THE ENTRANCE OF THE SECOND STATOR S2 HERE THE REACTION OF THE CURVEST BLADES DEFLECT THE FLUID TOWARDS THE THIRD TURBINE BLADES T3, WHICH ALSO ABSORBS THE FLUID S THRUST FINALLY THE FLUID COMPLETES ITS CIRCULATION CYCLE BY AGAIN ENTERING THE IMPELLER PASSAGES

LIMITATIONS OF MULTI-STAGE CONVERTER:


AN INCREASED NO OF ENTRY AND EXIT FUNCTIONS , BETWEEN VARIOUS MEMBERS WHICH RAISE THE FLUID RESISTANCE AROUND THE TORUS PASSAGES SUBSEQUENTLY, EFFICENCY DROPS OFF FAIRLY, RAPIDLY WITH HIGHER SPEED RATIOS, COMPARED TO THE 3 ELEMEMT CONVERTER