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 Potential impacts include harm to the environment, society


and local economies of tourist destinations around the
world..
world

 Awareness and action about these concerns are on the rise


within tourism industry, Govts
Govts.. And NGOs.
NGOs.

 Bigger planning and management is in dire need to control


the tourism industry, and more important protect and
conserve the biodiversity of tourist places
places..

 Dealing predominantly with such serious issues,


sustainable tourism comes in great handy, as it is all about
conserving the resources, valuing the local culture and
tradition and contributing largely in economy
economy..
 t is tourism that truly benefits those who are on the
receiving end and that does not exploit and degrade the
environment in which they live and form which they must
earn a living after the last tourist has flown back home
home..

 Thus tourism is brought within the debate on sustainable


development in general SD (and ST) takes into account three
central points
points:: -
- The necessary interactions between the environment and

economic activity.
activity.

- Long ² term time scale and

- nter as well as intra-


intra-governmental equity
equity--providing for
the needs of current societies without compromising the
ability of future generation to meet their own needs.
needs.
 ST is simply SD achieved through tourism
tourism..

 Just as SD assumes continued economic growth, so ST


assumes continued tourism growth.
growth.

 ST is tourism dev that avoids damage to the environment,


economy and cultures of the locations where it takes place
place..

 ST is a kind of approach to tourism meant to make the


development of tourism ecologically supportable in the long
term..
term

 The very important of ST lies in its motives to conserve the


resources and increase the value of local culture and
tradition..
tradition

 ST is a form of tourism that follows the principles of


sustainability..
sustainability
 The aim of ST is to ensure that dev is a positive experience
for local people, tourism companies and tourist themselves
themselves..

 ST development meets the needs of present tourists and


host regions while protecting and enhancing opportunity
for the future
future..
- UNWTO, 1995 (Agenda 21 for the
Travel and Tourism ndustry)
ndustry)..

 ST is responsible tourism intending to generate employment


and income along with alleviating any deeper impact on
environment and local culture.
culture.

 ST is often equated with nature or eco


eco--tourism;
tourism; but ST
development means more than protecting the natural
environment..
environment

 t means proper consideration of host people, communities,


cultures, customs, lifestyles and social and economic
systems..
systems
 ST can reduce the impact of tourism in many ways
including::
including
i. nforming themselves of the culture, politics, and
economy of the communities visited.
visited.

ii. Anticipating and respecting local cultures expectation


and assumptions.
assumptions.

iii. Contributing to intercultural understanding and


tolerance..
tolerance

iv. Supporting the integrity of local cultures by favouring


business which conserves cultural heritage and
traditional values
values..
v. Supporting local economies by purchasing local goods
and participating with small, local businesses.
businesses.

v. Conserving resources by seeking out business that are


environmentally conscious and by using the least
possible amount of non-
non-renewable resources
resources..

 When we refer to ´STµ activities we mean any activity


that can be carried out in the same or similar way for an
indefinite future (sustainable in time) in three main
aspects:
V  V

 the activity minimizes any


 V


damage to the environment, i.e plants, animals,
water, soils, energy use etc and provides a benefit to
the environment through protection and
conservation.
› 

    
     
  


     
 
  
    

      
 

 

     
 
    

 
 

 

  
     

    


     
    
  
 


          
       


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Principles of Sustainable Tourism: -
    VV

i. The conservation and sustainable use of resources
(natural, social, cultural is crucial and makes long term
business sense).

     V V 


i. Reduction of over-
over-consumption and waste avoids the
costs of restoring long-
long-term environmental damage and
contributes to the quality of tourism.

 V V 


i. Maintaining and promoting natural, social and cultural
diversity is essential for long ² term ST and creates a
resilient base for the industry.
-     
   

     
      


    
  
  
 
 
   

   


 
   

            
 



    
  
   
 

   
   
    
  


   


 

 
         

      

             
            



m V  V
 V
i. Staff training which integrates ST into world practices,
along with recruitment of a personnel at all levels,
improves the quality of tourism product.
product.

V!   





1. Marketing that provides tourist with full and
responsible information increases respect for the
natural, social and cultural environments of destination
areas and enhances customer satisfaction.
satisfaction.

"  V! V#


V#
- On going research and monitoring by the industry using
effective data collection and analysis is essential to help
solve problems and bring benefits to destinations, the
industry and customers.
customers.