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Instructors : Dr.

Lee Fong Lok


Dr. Leung Chi Hong

Student Name : Chan Mei Shan

Student ID : S98039740

Topic : Coordinate Geometry


(F3 Mathematics)
Distance Formula
Slope
Straight Line Drawing
Review:Distance and Slope

Points of Division

Equation of Straight Lines

Perpendicular and Parallel Lines

Intersection of Two Straight Lines


° uation of Special Lines

Two Point Form

Point-Slope Form

Slope-Intercept Form

Intercept Form

General Form
Back =>
Topic: Distance and Slope
(Review)

Back=>
Distance y
P (ã4
5
4)
4

Q3 (ã2 
2) 4 2

4
ã4  ã2
4
2
x
- -4 4 3 4 5 6 7 8

-4
ã2
ã4
-

-3
 
By Pythagoras Theorem,
-4

-5
 ( 4 ÿ ) ( O4 ÿ O )
°xample
‰ = (-4 2) B=(2 -4)

(x4,y4) (x ,y )

 - ( 4  ) ( O4  O )
- (4  ) (  (4))
- (6) 6
- 7
Class Work (a) Find AB if A=(4,0) and B=(9,)
(Give the answer in terms of .)
(b) If AB= 34 , find .

(b) 5  - 34
(a) - (9  4) (  0)
5  - 34
- 5 
 -9
 - 3 Ú 3
min min
y
Slope 5 P (ã4 4)
4

Q (ã23
2) 4  2

4
ã4  ã2
x
- -4 4 3 4 5 6 7 8

-4

-
Ú   
-3

-4 
 
O4 ÿ O
4 ÿ
-5
°xample 

(4 5)


O4 ÿ O  (x4,y4)
Ú 
4ÿ 4

(4 4) (x ,y ) 
    4 4   

4
 ÿ4
slope  

 ÿ4 

 

 
Class Work 
 B(a2 ab)


3 min 

‰(b2 ab)
4


    4 4   

4

Slope of AB? ·  [ ·
 Ú -
 ·


 -
 ·

°xample 


(-4 2) (2 2)
4


    4 4   

4

Ú -
 ()

   ã
 ã  

0
-
6




- 0
y
°xample 5

4
3
Ú - 3

5 (2 2)
- 4
0 x
-5 -4 -3 - -4 4 3 4 5

*  -4

   O
 O   -3

-4 (2 -3)

  -5

 
Back=>
Topic: Point of Division

Back=>
A= (4, ), B = (8,9) and AC : CB = 3 : 4
Find C(x,y)
y B(8 9)
9

7
4 (9-y)
6
C(x y)
Point C? 5
(8-x)
4 3
(y -2)
3

‰(4 2)
(x-4)
4
x
- -4 4 3 4 5 6 7 8
B(8 9)

o †BCD †CA°
4 (9-y)
8 4 9-y 4
 - and -
4 3 y- 3
C(x y) D
(8-x)
383 - 4 44 39 3O - 4O  4
3 4 - 38 44 3O 4O - 39 4
C(x y)
38 44 39 4
- O- 3
3 4 3 4 (y -2)

‰(4 2) E
(x-4)
3 C(x y) 4
‰(4 2) B(8 9)

Observation Calculation

3 x 8 +4 x 4 38 4 4
x= -
3 + 4 3 4
Section
3 x 9 +4 x 2 Formula
39 4
y= O
3 + 4 3 4
°xample
P (a b)
4 B (4 8)

‰ (4 2) (4)(4) ( )(4)
a
4
   
   

(4)(8) ( )( )
b
4
4

 
ClassWork

P (3 4)
5 B (4 9)
‰ (a b)
?
   

5 min
Solution

(5)(4)  (5 )(9 ) b
3 4
5 5
4 0  7  45 b
4 b  ÿ 49

Class Work
4
P (a b)
4 B (5 3)

‰ (3 -7) 3 min
?
 
  


(4)(3) (4)(5) ÿ7 3
a b
4 4
4 ÿ
4
P (a b)
4 B (x2 y2)
P is the mid-point of AB
‰(x4 y4)

4 


O4  O

°xample Let P = (a b) & G = (p q)
‰ (3 4) 3 5 3 5
p-  - 4
3
P (4 4) 4  ·  54 ÿ  4
2 - - 4
4 3
4 G 2 B (5 -2)
4
2 ( )(4) (4)(ÿ )
p 
4
( )(4) (4)(ÿ5)
  ÿ4
C (-2 -5) 4
Observation
‰ (x4 y4)
! !  



G(x y) B (x2 y2)

4 3

3
 O4 O O3
C (x3 y3) O
3
Back=>
Challenge 


‰ (-3 4) 


P
4 B (2 4)

    4 4   

4

?
      




Answer =>

Solution
Y  

(4 )( ) k (ÿ 3)
0 
4 k
0  ÿ 3k

k 
3 Back =>
Topic: Equations of
Special Lines
Back=>
Horizontal Lines 

x = -3


y=3 (-3 3) (4 3) (3 3)


y=4 (2 4)
4


    4 4   

4

y = -3 

(-5 -3) (-4 -3) (2 -3)



ertical Lines 

x = -3 x=2
x = -4 

(2 2)
4


    4 4   

4 (2 0)


(-3 -3) 

(-4 -4) 

x = -3 
Class Work y

? 
       (a b) Y
Y Y 
     
  x
0


 Y  

Y  
 3 min
 
  Y
Straight lines y =- x 
y

Passing through y=x


origin (- ,4) 4

3
(3,3)
(-4, )
4
(4,4) x
- -4 -3 - -4 4 3 4 

-4

-
(4,- )
(-3,-3) -3

-4

-
´  

·
 O



4 (a,b)

    4 4   

4






Class Work
?     
y Y
Y 
Y (6,7)

3
Y  O  ÿ
7
4 x
Y  O
6
(4,-3)
3 min

Y
Back=>
Topic: Two-Point Form

Back=>
y
9
Y
8
O   O
B(5 8)
7

6 P(x y) y 3 8ÿ3
-
5
x  4 5 ÿ4
4
y ÿ3 5

3
‰(4 3) x ÿ4 4
?
     

4y ÿ4 
 5xYÿ5
4
5x ÿ 4y 7  0 x
-4 4 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

-4
y

Y  

Y 

O
B(5 8)  O
 
          !


P(x y)


y ÿ8 8ÿ3
  
  

O
x ÿ 5 5 ÿ4



 

‰(4 3)  y ÿ O
8

5 
x ÿ5 4
4
4y ÿ 3  5x ÿ 5

4 4   5x ÿ 4y 7  0
    

4
°xample Y  

 ??
? 
 ? 
   
  
  
 
Y
(-4 4) 

ut ( ÿ (, 0b,)kint
et ) o the e uation
7( ÿ
7(0)) 66bk 4400
(-2 b)
4 5
y ÿ 4   4 ÿ  ( ÿ3)  4 bk ÿ 
3


4
3 

x ÿ ( ÿ4) ÿ 4 ÿ 4

thus ,  (0, ÿ )
yÿ4 7 3

x 4 ÿ6 
(2 -3)
ÿ 6 y7x +46y
L:  7+x 4 =80 


7x 6y 4  0
°xample
  ?           
          L: 3x - 5y + 4 = 0
 
 !
"   
  
     
    
  
       

Oÿ ÿ (ÿ4)
LL
.H.H.Sÿ.SO ÿ  ÿ
. (-.ÿ-33(3)7(3) ) ÿ55(3 ( ÿ 4)
(ÿ4) )44
ÿ-(ÿ43) 0 ÿ34 ÿ
- 9  40  4
--0
O ÿ 3

-XRR.H.H.S 3. ÿ 5
.S.
  ÿ5
O40 3  9    
 
               
3 5O ÿ4  0
Class Work
  ?             
      #
  $          Y   
Solution.
(a) O  0 0  ( 6) (b)
 ( ,3) int Ú
-
 ( 0) 0  ( 4) 3 O-0
O 6 3 (3) - 0
-
4 - 7 min
4O - 6
3 O-0
Back=>
Topic: Point-Slope Form

Back=>
y
9

B(x y)

"

" ?!
8

7 ‰(4 7) O #


6 y7
3
5
Y x 4
4 y  7  3x  3
3 slope = 3 3x  y 4  0

x
-4 4 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

-4
°xample ?           
        
 
# 

O ÿ ( ÿ5)
 ÿ3  orking?
ÿ (ÿ4)

O 5
- 3
4
O 5 - 3  3
3 O 8-0
y
°xample   ?% 
 % 
       
5    Y
4

Y 3

(-3 2) 4
slope  ÿ
4
3
x
-5 -4 -3 - -4 4
B3 (2 b)
4 5
yÿ -4
4
ÿ
x ÿ ( ÿ3) - 3 3b ÿ 3  0
Put B(2 y ÿ the
B(2 b) into -3
4equation 4
ÿ b 
x 3 -4 3 3
L: x + 3y - 3 = 0 3 y ÿ 6  -ÿ5 x ÿ 3
x 3y ÿ 3  0
Class Work Find (a) The
 equation of L.
(b) The coordinates of P
Y 
(c) The coordinates of Q
P (a 2) 4


    4 4   

(-2 0) 4

4 Q
slope -  
40 min
3 


Solution.
(b) Put P(a 2) into L
(a) 4a (3)( ) 8  0
yÿ0 4 a  ÿ 3 .5
ÿ therefore P = (-3.5 2)
x ÿ (ÿ ) 3
y 4
x
ÿ
3
(c) Let Q = (0 b)
3 y  ÿ4 x ÿ 8 4(0) 3b 8-0
4x 3y 8  0 8
b-
8 3
Q = (0  )
3
Back=>
Topic: Slope-Intercept Form
Intercepts y
6

3
(0 3)

4
(-2 0) x
-4 -3 - -4 0 4 3 4 5
-4

-3
Slope-intercept

y Form

Y

slope = 3 y
 
0
(0 4)

(x y)
  y ÿ 
4

 4   
 Y
x
3
 y-intercept
y ÿ 4  3x
4
y  3x 4
slope
4 4       

4
°xample  
 ?       
  %          
%       
 
 
  
 
 
 
  & 
 
& 
&  
     
  
      



x 3y slope
4 - 0- 3

$ÿ
ÿ%&
%&ÿ
ÿ 3y - -x7 4
y  int ercept
y- x
4
3 3
4
Slope-intercept
slope  ÿ , y ÿ int ercept 
3 Form3
°xample Y  '  & '
   & 
  ?      ' 
  %         Y 

kx 3y ÿ k  0 k
3y  ÿ kx k y  int ercept -
3
k k
yÿ x ( )(6)
3 3 -
  
k
ÿ ÿ Slope-intercept3
3 Form- 4
k6
Class Work ?      '    
     Y
Y     '
      

Ans. 3x 4 y k - 0 
 $
4 y - 3x  k '(
 
3 k   
 Y
y- x
4 4
3(0) 4(75)mink0
k Slope-intercept
   5- Formkÿ 0
4
k- 0
Back=>
Topic: Intercept Form

Back=>
y O O
Y
5

4 y ÿ3 3ÿ0

  
3 x ÿ0 0ÿ
P(x y) yÿ3 3
ÿ
4
(   x
x
- -4 4 3 4 5 6 7
y ÿ8 6  ÿ3x
-4
      
 Y
3x y6
-

 x y
-3
4
-4 3
-5 x-intercept y-intercept
°ample ?     Y    

!  # 
y ) Y


 L
# 
) 
y-intercept 3     
  
4 9
. . . 4 6
4 L. .ÿ.4 3
x-intercept  ÿ3 3 ÿ 4 3 
    4 4   
-4 ÿ4
4
0
4
X . ..


 y  . ..
Ans: 4 
 )  
ÿ     #
Y
  Y
°xample   %  
  *   
   +

      
 

   




      

7x 4y 80
7x 4y  ÿ 8
7x 4y
4
ÿ 8 ÿ 8
x y
4
ÿ4 ÿ7
   


 

   



°xample ?         

Y  


 y 5O 40 - 0
0 x 5O - 40
-5
5O
-4
- 40 40
O
-4
 5 
        

( 5 )( ) Intercept
- 5 s .units
form
Class Work (a) Find the intercepts of L4.
(b) Find the equation of L2.
(c) Find the area of the shaded region.

y
40 min
Y Y3x + 5y-
5y-45=0

x
 0
y
Solution.
3
(a) 3
(b) x  5 
y 45Y
-0 Y Y3x + 5y-
5y-45=0

3x x 5y y- 45
4
3xÿ 5y 3 x
-4
ÿ 3x 45 y  6
45  0 5
3x ÿx y y 6  0
-4
5 3
(c) x-intercept
  
=5      

and y- (7)(3) = 3 .
y-intercept 40.5 .
Back=>
Topic: General Form

Back=>
General Form
 ( *


x 3y
* 
ÿ  5     

5
x 3y
ÿ 5
5
x ÿ 45 y  50
x ÿ 45 y ÿ 50  0
Class Work

y5 3
* 
-      

x4
y5 3
-
x4
4 y  40 - 3x 4
3x 4 y  -0
°xample %    
  
    
     
 &
& 
 

4 x  3y 7 - 0
3y - 4 x 7
4 7
y- x
3 3
4 7
slope - and y  int ercept -
3 3
°xample ?     Y     


Y y
0
x

 


 

y -  x7
x y 7-0
°xample ?             
     &
&  

 


4 x ÿ 7y 4  0
4 x ÿ 7 y  ÿ4
4 x 7y
ÿ 4
ÿ4 ÿ4
x y
4
ÿ 4/ 3 4 / 7
4 4
x ÿ int ercept  ÿ and y ÿ int ercept 
3 7
Back=>
Topic: Parallel Lines
and
Perpendicular Lines

Back=>
Conversely,
What if
If will
L4 happen
L2 if
Twom L4 =
lines m L2
A FACT toLknow...
then 4 and L
Are parallel?
m
ThenL4 L =4mL2
L2
°xample Determine whether L4  L2

Y Y
5 7
ÿ (ÿ )
slope = 2 m  3 3
5
(3, ) 3 ÿ4
3
4
7 
(4,  )
3

"  



 
 Y 
  
    Y
°xample
Find the equation of L2
mL2 = mL4 = 2
y
L4 : m = 2 By point-slope form,
x Oÿ0

0 0)
(0 ÿ0
O
Y 

O
 : ÿ O0
Class
More... (a) Find
(b) Does the
the equation
point (-
(-3 of
-5)Llies
2. on L2 ?
Work
yÿ0
 ÿ3
Y  


 x 4 5min
Y y
y  ÿ3x ÿ 45
3x y 45  0
x

 0 Y,"



 
 



X -,"
 
   Y
°xample
Step 3:
4:: Use
Findpoint
point-
thethe
°xpress
Find Lslope
-4slope
into
ofslope
form
L2 to
equation intercept
find
of L L. form.
.
2
4x 3y 4  0
L4 : 4x + 3y + 42 = 0
3 y  ÿ4 x ÿ 4 L2 y
4
yÿ xÿ4
3 x
4
mL = mL4 = ÿ -6 0
3 (-6 0)
O ÿ0 4
: ÿ
6 3
ÿ 3O  4 4
4 3O 4 0
Class Find the equation of the line L4 which
Work is parallel to 3x + 2y  5 = 0 and passes
through (4 -4).

Steps :
°xpress the given line into
4.°xpress
4.
slope--intercept form.
slope
..Find
Find the slope of L4. 6 min

3. Use point-
point-slope form to find
the e uation of the line.
Solution.
Step 4: Step : Find mL.
4
°xpress the given line mL = 
into slope-
slope-intercept form. 3

3x y5 - 0 Step 3: Use point-


point-slope
form to find the
y - 3x 5 e uation
3 5 y 4 3
y- x -
x4
y - 3x 4
3x y  40 - 0
Conversely,
If L4 ù L2if
mL4then
x mL2 =-4
One more FACT...
Then
mL4 x Lm4L2ù=L-42
°xample Find the coordinates of
P.
P.(Hint:
(Hint: Let P = (a 0)
Y o L4 ù L2
Y mL4 x mL2 =-4
y
7
0 ÿ (ÿ )
P x 4
( )  ÿ4
0 7 a ÿ3
(3,  ) 3.5  ÿa 3
4
a  ÿ0.5
slope = 2 thus P = ((--0.5 0)
°xample 4:Find
Step 3: Use theLequation
point
point-
°xpress -slope formofto
into slope Lfind
. L form.
intercept .
Step : Find 4the slope of L22
3  O 40 - 0
O - 3 40
3
O - 5 y
L4 : 3x
3x--2y +40 =0
mL = -4ÈmL4
3
=-4È  ÿ x
3
(-2 -3) 0
O 3
: -
3 Y
3O 9- 4
 3O  5 - 0
Class Find the equation of the line L which is
Work perpendicular to 3x - 2y + 6 = 0 and pases
through (-4 3).

Steps :
°xpress the given line into
4.°xpress
4.
slope--intercept form.
slope
..Find
Find the slope of L. 6 min

3. Use point-
point-slope form to find
the e uation of the line.
Solution.
Step 4: Step : Find mL.
3
°xpress the given line mL = ÿ 4  ÿ
into slope-
slope-intercept form. 3

Step 3: Use point-


point-slope
3 ÿ O 60 form to find the
O 3 6 e uation
O ÿ3
3 4
ÿ
3
O 3
3O ÿ 9  8
ÿ 3 O 47  0
Back=>
Challenge Find the equation of the perpendicular
bisector of the line segment joining (3 -5)
and (-7 9).
[ ‰ns.: 5x - 7y + 24 = 0 ]

Steps :
Find the coordinates of the midpoint.
4.Find
4.
..Find
Find the slope of the line segment.
3.
3.Find
Find the slope of the perpendicular bisector
4.
4.Use
Use point-
point-slope form to find the e uation of
the line.
Back=>
Topic: Point of Intersection

Back=>
 hat are the coordinates of P ?




 
x=5 (

(

*

*

y=7
 !

.




a 

± ßou are wrong !
± Don¶t give up «
± Try it again «
w w
Correct !

Return
 hat are the coordinates of P ?
y ‰. P = (-
(-5 7)
x = 36
B. P = (5 7)
C. P = (7 2)
y = 3x  8 P
D. P = (7 43)
x
E. P = (43 7)
0
°xample  hat are the
2x  5y + 46 = 0 coordinates of P ?
x  5y 46 - 0 (4)

  

 ( )
ƒ3x y 5 - 0

4x  40 y 3 - 0 (3)
 45x 40 y 5 - 0 ( 4)
ƒ
3x + 2y + 5 = 0 (3) ( 4) :
ub x  ÿ3 int o ( ) :
49 x 57 - 0
3(ÿ3) y 5  0
x - 3
y4
y
Find the coordinates of the point of intersection of
°xample

Dy  ÿ x 6 Sub (4) int o ( ) :


5
D3x ÿ y ÿ 44  0 3x x  6  44 - 0
5
47
x - 47
y -  x 6 5
D (4)
5 x -5
D
ƒ3x  y  44 - 0 ( )
Sub x - 5 int o ( ) :
3(5)  y  44 - 0
The coordinates are
(5 4) y-4
°xample
 hat are the coordinates of P ?
Y x y - 4
4
3x  4y + 5 = 0 x y-4
 x y-4
 
ƒ
3x  4 y 5 - 0
8x 4 y  46 (4)
 3x ÿ 4 y 5  0 ( )
Y
(4) ( ) : 44 5  46
4

  O
Back=>