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WORK BREAKDOWN

STRUCTURES.

BY
RANILA.T.K.
S3 MCA B-5.
COST ESTIMATION
TECHNIQUES
Expert judgment .
Delphi cost method.
WBS
Algorithmic method
WBS.
It is a bottom-up estimation tool.
It is a hierarchical chart that accounts for
the individual parts of a system.
This chart can indicate either product
hierarchy or process hierarchy.
PRODUCT
HIERARCHY.
It identifies the product components and
indicates the manner in which the
components are interconnected.
It describes the fundamental structure of
the software, showing how the various
software components fit into the overall
system.
A Product Work Breakdown
Structure.

Software Application

Component B Component N
Component A

Sub comp: B2
Sub comp: B1
PROCESS
HIERARCHY.
It identifies the work activities and the
relationships among those activities.
STRUCTURE OF PROCESS
BREAKDOWN SYSTEM.
Development Activities

System Engineering Programming Maintenance

Detailed Design Code And Test Unit


CONTD…
It is an essential tool in the project
planning process.
It is a logical hierarchy that organizes
and breaks down the work that needs to
be accomplished on a project .
It is a way of organizing projects
elements into a hierarchy that simplifies
the task of budget estimation and control.
THE WBS Contd..
Using the WBS technique, costs are
estimated by assigning costs to each
individual component in the chart and
summing the costs.
Both product and process WBS charts
are used for cost estimation by some
planners.
THE PURPOSES.
It defines and breaks down the work on a
project into manageable chunks often called
work packages.
It tells us what activities or tasks have to be
done in order to complete the project.
It serves as the foundation for the development
of schedules, budgets and resource
requirements.
It serves as a useful tool for identification of
activities and assignment of responsibilities.
ADVANTAGES.
The primary advantage of WBS are in
identifying and accounting for various
process and product factors, and in
making explicit exactly which costs are
included in the estimate.
It is good for planning and control.
It is used in cost accounting and
reporting.
It helps to determine just exactly what
costs are being estimated.
THANK YOU.