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What we studied...

‡ We studied sweeteners, colours and


calories in sweets produced in Estonian
factories.
‡ We also pointed out energy, protein, fat,
carbohydrates per 100 g.
‡ In Estonia there are allowed 12
synthetic colours in food products. In
our presentation these are marked with
the star.

‡ In 1994 the government lowered


permissible limits of these colours from
300 mg/kg to 50 mg/kg.
jhe regulation act of the EU 1333/2008 for food additives and the
regulation act of Estonia 81/2010 says: when using colourings E 102,
104, 110, 122, 124, 129 in food products there must be a label on the
packet ÄE-number: may cause unhealthy impact on children´s
activeness and abilities.³

Sunset yellow (E110) - Colouring found in squashes


Carmoisine (E122) - Red colouring in jellies
jartrazine (E102) - New colouring in lollies, fizzy drinks
Ponceau 4R (E124) - Red colouring
Quinoline yellow (E104) - Food colouring
Allura red AC (E129) - Orange/red food dye

Due to that we payed more attention to these colours in sweets. We also


used comparing data from 2009. jhat´s why there is marked a year
behind a colour used in given product.
jhere are seven factories in Estonia, which produce different
sweets: candies, marmalade, marzipan, zephyr, halvah, coockies
and waffles. We studied 23 sweets from 4 producers in given
research.

jhe biggest and oldest


confectionery company in
Estonia is ±  

  which started its
activities in jallinn in 1806.

For years, Kalev has been the best


known and most prestigious
trademark of Estonia.

We studied 15 products from


Kalev
Strawberry flavored chewing candy
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1651kJ/390kcal

protein 0 g

fat 3 g

carbohydrates 84g

food colours E122* Carmoisine


(2009)

E120 Carmine (2010)


Apple flavored chewing candy
enriched with vitamin C
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1651kJ/390kcal

protein 0 g

fat 3 g

carbohydrates 84g

food colours E131, E102*


tartrazine (2009)

E141, E161 (2010)


Cream-Vanilla flavored chewing
candy
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1664kJ/393kcal

protein 0 g

fat 6 g

carbohydrates 85g
Cherry flavored jelly candy
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1690kJ/400kcal

protein 6 g

fat 8 g

carbohydrates 76 g

food colours E104*


Quinoline yellow (2009)

No colours (2010)
ÄKaseke³ bar

energy 2356kJ/561kcal

protein 8 g

fat 37 g

carbohydrates 49 g
ÄKama³ bar
energy 2587kJ/616kcal

protein 8 g

fat 36 g

carbohydrates 65 g
Orange flavoured hard-boiled
candy with filling
energy 1403kJ/334kcal

protein 0 g

fat 0 g

carbohydrates 89 g

food colours E104*


Quinoline yellow (2009)

E 120 Carmine (2010)


Pear flavoured hard-boiled candy
energy 1491kJ/355kcal

protein 0 g

fat 0g

carbohydrates 89 g

food colours E 131, 104*


Quinoline yellow (2009)

E 141 E160a (2010)


³Barbariss´ hard-boiled candy
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1491kJ/355kcal

protein 0 g

fat 0 g

carbohydrates 89g

food colours E122*


Carmoisine (2009)

E120 Carmine (2010)


ÄKalev joffee classic³
toffee
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1562kJ/372kcal

protein 2 g

fat 13 g

carbohydrates 62g
³jallinn´ rum flavoured water
candy
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 2142kJ/510kcal

protein 6 g

fat 30 g

carbohydrates 54g
ÄKalev³ praline candy
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 2003kJ/477kcal

protein 5g

fat 21g

carbohydrates 67g
Chocolate cream flavoured praline
candy
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 2201kJ/524kcal

protein 7g

fat 32g

carbohydrates 52g
'arzipan

nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1787kJ/424kcal

protein 7g

fat 13g

carbohydrates 68g
enuine 'arzipan Vana jallinn

nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1882kJ/543kcal

protein 7g

fat 13g

carbohydrates 68g
We studied 5 products from AS 'armiton
'armalade slices

nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1217kJ/286kcal

protein 0g

fat 0g

carbohydrates 71,5g

food colours E120, E 141,


E 160a
Ëephyr vanilla

nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1154kJ/272kcal

protein 0,6g

fat 0g

carbohydrates 67,3g
Ëephyr strawberry

nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1154kJ/272kcal

protein 0,6g

fat 0g

carbohydrates 67,3g

food colour E122*

Ɣ jhere are no marks:


³'ay cause unhealthy
impact on children´s
activeness and abilities.³
Ëephyr apple

nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1154kJ/272kcal

protein 0,6g

fat 0g

carbohydrates 67,3g

food colour E104*

Ɣ jhere are no marks:


³'ay cause unhealthy
impact on children´s
activeness and abilities.³
Òalvah vanilla
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1993kJ/473kcal

protein 18,8g

fat 30,9g

carbohydrates 31,1g
We studied 1product from AS 'aris ilden
Ave Òalvah
nutritional value per 100 g :

energy 1918kJ/455kcal

protein 7,6g

fat 11,6g

carbohydrates 80g
We studied 2 products from AS Cautes
'armalade 'arja
Food colours: E104*

Quinoline yellow

E122 * Carmoisine

E110* Sunset yellow

E131 (2010)

Ɣ jhere is a mark: ³'ay cause


unhealthy impact on children´s
activeness and abilities.³
'onpansjee Apelsin

Food colours: E104*

Quinoline yellow (2010)

Ɣ jhere are no marks:


³'ay cause unhealthy impact
on
children´s activeness and
abilities.³
We found out the following:
ï   
jhere are no sweeteners in sweets we studied.

 : jill 2010 the confectioners used all food colourings in their
products including ones given above.

But since 2010:


Ɣ jhe biggest confectioner Kalev replaced colourings with
ones which did not need labelling. (E120, E141, E160,
E161 )
Ɣ A confectioner Cautes uses colourings (E104, E 110,
E122) which need labelling. In one product we studied
there was a label on the packet, in another there wasn´t.
Ɣ A confectioner 'armiton uses given colourings ( E 104,
E122) but there are no labels on the packets.
Calories
We pointed out the most highly calorific and the lowest calorific products.

j        


³Kama³ bar 2587kJ/616kcal and ³Kaseke´ bar 2356kJ/561kcal
Chocolate cream flavoured praline candy 2201kJ/524kcal
³Kalev³ praline candy 2003kJ/477kcal
Òalvahs: 1993kJ/473kcal (Òalvah Vanilla)
1918kJ/455kcal (Ave Òalvah)
'arzipan 1787kJ/424kcal
Cherry flavored jelly candies 1690kJ/400kcal
Chewing candies 1651kJ/390kcal
joffees 1562kJ/372kcal
Òard-boiled candies 1491kJ/355kcal
'armalade slices 1217kJ/286kcal

j       


Ëephyrs 1154kJ/272kcal