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GEOSYNTHETICS IN ROAD CONSTRUCTION

By Rohit Chaurasia 71/08 III B.Tech Civil Engineering

INTRODUCTION
 Environmental factors, subgrade conditions, traffic loading, utility cuts, road widenings, and aging affect the service life of roads and pavements .  The development of geosynthetics in the past three decades has provided the strategies for enhancing the overall performance of the paved roadways.  Geosynthetics are the most costeffective tools for safeguarding roads and pavements in these ways.

GEOSYNTHETICS
 Geosynthetics is defined as a planar product manufactured from polymeric material used with soil, rock, earth, or other geotechnical engineering related material.  Has steadily increased in both public and private construction projects.  It is likely to increase in the future with stricter environmental regulations enforcement.

GEOSYNTHETICS
PRODUCTS OF GEOSYNTHETICS  Geotextiles  Geogrids  Geocells  Geonets  Geomembranes  Geocomposites

PROPERTIES OF GEOSYNTHETICS

 Thickness  Tensile strength  Tear strength  Apparent opening size  Puncture resistance  Permittivity  Transmissivity  Ultraviolet resistance

GEOSYNTHETICS IN PAVEMENT

The primary purpose is to reduce reflective cracking Geosynthetics resist moisture intrusion into the underlying pavement structure, stabilize roadways and their edges. It improve road quality, particularly when roads were built on unstable soil.

GEOSYNTHETICS IN PAVEMENT

METHODS OF INSTALLATION

Installing geosynthetic over soft subgrade soil

Geosynthetic covered by base course material

Levelling the base course material

Curing the geosynthetic pavement

Compacting the geosynthetic pavement

POST CONSTRUCTION

FUNCTIONS
SEPARATION

 Geosynthetics is sandwiched between aggregate base course and subgrade material.  It prevents mixing of the two layers, aggregate loss and pumping.

FUNCTIONS
FILTRATION

Geosynthetic acts as a filter by preventing material from washing out while allowing the water to flow through. Allowing an increase in subgrade strength.

FUNCTIONS
DRAINAGE

Drainage applications refer to situations where the water flows within the plane of the geosynthetic product . Prevents water logging in the pavement structure.

FUNCTIONS
REINFORCEMENT  It helps in maintaining the pavement integrity and uniformity.  It reduces the differential settlement in roadways.

ADVANTAGES
 Reduces the intensity of stress on the subgrade.  Prevents the base aggregate from penetrating into the subgrade.  Prevents subgrade fines from pumping.  Reduces the thickness of aggregate required to stabilize the subgrade.  Reduces the differential settlement of the roadway.  Reduces maintenance and extending the life of the pavement.

CONCLUSION
 The future of geosynthetic material is very bright .  The use of geosynthetics significantly reduces civil engineering construction costs and drastically extends the life of any road construction.  "Geosynthetics instead of concrete" is not only a slogan, but a fact. Geosynthetics have flexibility, making them better and more economical than any other building materials.

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