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Telecommunications, the Internet, Intranets, and Extranets

Chapter 4

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition

Principles and Learning Objectives


The effective use of telecommunications and networks can turn a company into an agile, powerful, and creative organization, giving it a long-term competitive advantage.
Define the term telecommunications and identify and describe the function of the components of a telecommunications system. Identify and briefly describe three basic data processing strategies, including their advantages and disadvantages.
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Principles and Learning Objectives


The Internet is like many other technologies - it provides a wide range of services, some of which are effective and practical for use today; others are still evolving, and still others will fade away from lack of use.
Briefly describe how the Internet works, including alternatives for connecting to it and the role of Internet service providers. Identify and briefly describe common Internet services.
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Principles and Learning Objectives


Originally developed as a documentmanagement system, the World Wide Web is a menu-based system that is easy to use for personal and business applications.
Describe the World Wide Web and the way it works, including the use of Web browsers, search engines, Java, and other Web tools. Define the terms intranet and extranet and discuss how organizations are using them. Identify several control and management issues associated with the use of networks.

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition

Elements of a Telecommunications System

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition

Media Types

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition

Common Wiring and Cabling Types

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Common Telecommunications Devices

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Carriers and Services Common carriers Switched lines Digital subscriber lines (DSL)

Fundamentals of Information Systems, Second Edition

Costs, Advantages, and Disadvantages of Several Line and Service Types

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Networks and Distributed Processing


Computer network - communications media, devices, and software needed to connect two or more computer systems. Centralized processing - processing occurs in a single location or facility. Decentralized processing - processing devices are placed at various locations. Distributed processing - computers are placed at remote locations but are connected to each other via telecommunications devices.

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Terminal-to-Host Connection

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File Server Connection

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Client/Server Connection

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A Typical LAN

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A Wide Area Network

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Connecting Computing Devices Using a Home Network

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Communications Software and Protocols


Communications software - provides a number of important functions in a network Network operating system - controls the computer systems and devices on a network and allows them to communicate with each other Network management software - a manager can monitor the use of individual computers and shared hardware Communications protocol - rules and standards that make communications possible
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Common Communications Protocols

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Use and Functioning of the Internet

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U.S. Internet Usage by Age, Gender, Region, and Income

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Routing Messages Over the Internet

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How the Internet Works Internet Protocol (IP) Transport Control Protocol Uniform Resource Locator

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U.S. Top-Level Domain Affiliations

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Three Ways to Access the Internet

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A Representative List of Internet Service Providers

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Internet and Telecommunications Services

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Summary of Internet Services

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Common Abbreviations Used in Personal E-Mail

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Two Approaches to Electronic Data Interchange

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Public Network and Specialized Services

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The World Wide Web

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The World Wide Web


An Internet service comprising tens of thousands of independently owned computers that work together as one.
Home page Hypermedia Hypertext markup language (HTML)

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Several Interesting Web Sites

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Sample HTML

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Search Engine

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Web Page Providing Java Applets

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Intranets and Extranets

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Intranets and Extranets


Intranet an internal corporate network built using Internet and WWW standards and products Extranet - a network that links selected resources of the intranet of a company with its customers, suppliers, or other business partners Virtual private network - a secure connection between two points across the Internet Firewall - a device that sits between your internal network and the outside Internet
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Summary of Internet, Intranet, and Extranet Users

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Virtual Private Network

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Net Issues

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Privacy and Security


Cookie Cryptography Encryption Digital Signature

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Cryptography

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Summary
Networks - used to share hardware, programs, and databases across the organization. Internet - transmits data from one computer (called a host) to another. The Web - a collection of tens of thousands of independently owned computers that work together as one in an Internet service.
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