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Dayao, Jeseca D.A.

De Guzman, John Wilbert N.


Results
Average emf of the different electrodes
Electrodes Anode (-) Cathode (+) Average emf (v)
Zn/Zn2+ & Zn/Zn2+ Pb/Pb2+ 0.565
Pb/Pb2+
Zn/Zn2+ & Zn/Zn2+ Fe/Fe3+ 0.456
Fe2+,Fe3+
Pb/Pb2+ & Pb/Pb2+ Fe/Fe3+ 0.064
Fe2+,Fe3+
Cu/Cu2+ & Pb/Pb2+ Cu/Cu2+ 0.0585
Pb/Pb2+
Al/Al3+ & Al/Al3+ Pb/Pb2+ 0.1225
Pb/Pb2+
Results
Cell Diagrams
Electrodes Cell Diagram
Zn/Zn2+ & Pb/Pb2+ Zn| ZnSO4(aq)||Pb(NO3) 2(aq) |Pb
Zn/Zn2+&Fe2+,Fe3+ Zn| ZnSO4(aq)||Fe3+ (aq)|Fe
Pb/ Pb2+&Fe2+,Fe3+ Pb|Pb(NO3) 2(aq)|| Fe3+ (aq)|Fe
Cu/Cu2+ & Pb/Pb2+ Pb|Pb(NO3) 2(aq)||CuSO4(aq)|Cu
Al/Al3+ & Pb/Pb2+ Al|Al(NO3) 2(aq))||Pb(NO3) 2(aq)|Pb
Results
Overall reaction and Theoretical emf
Electrodes Overall Reaction emf (theo) (V)
Zn/Zn2+ & Zn+Pb2+ → Zn2+ +Pb 0.636
Pb/Pb2+
Zn/Zn2+&Fe2+, Zn+Fe3+ → Zn2++Fe 0.721
Fe3+
Pb/ Pb+Fe3+ → Pb2+ +Fe 0.079
Pb2+&Fe2+,Fe3+
Cu/Cu2+ & Pb+Cu2+ → Cu+Pb2+ 0.465
Pb/Pb2+
Al/Al3+ & Al+Pb2+ → Pb+ Al3+ 1.551
Pb/Pb2+
Results
Comparison of Experimental Data with Theoretical Data
Electrodes emf emf % error
(theoretical) (experimental)
Zn/Zn2+ & 0.636 0.565 11.16%
Pb/Pb2+
Zn/Zn2+&Fe2+, 0.721 0.456 35.75%
Fe3+
Pb/ 0.079 0.064 18.99%
Pb2+&Fe2+,Fe3+
Cu/Cu2+ & 0.465 0.0585 87.42%
Pb/Pb2+
Al/Al3+ & 1.551 0.1225 92.10%
Pb/Pb2+
Conclusion
The experiment was able to meet its objective
having come up with the values of the
electromotive force of each galvanic cell.
Although the experimental data had resulted
to a significant deviation from the computed
values due to process errors, the positive
values of the experimental data implies that
all the reaction are spontaneous.
Recommendations
the materials involved should be cleaned
properly
best to use a digital multimeter
 highest emf reading that should be recorded
salt bridge should be maintained wet with KCl
solution
in weighing the solutes, getting the exact
weight is not a necessity
Questions
1. How
1. Whatiscould
the significance
have happened
of electron
if the alligator
affinity
and
clipselectron
were also
negativity
submergedof the
into
electrodes
the solution
on
the
whenmefthe
ofhalf-cells
the galvanic
werecell?
being
Explain
prepared?
briefly
How would this affect the result of the
experiment and why?
2. What does a negative readfing in the
multimeter indicate?
3. How would the result of the experiment be
affected if the electrodes of the half-cells
were interchanged instead of the multimeter
terminal?