Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 23

le pt

LTE FUNDAMENTALS
SVEN-ANDERS STURESSON

le pt

le pt

Introduction

le pt

tle pt ws

Why learn about LTE FUNDAMENTALS

l1 pt

20 minutes !

-5 pt

LTE today Rel 8 LTE tomorrow Rel 10

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 3

tle pt ws

Scope and objectives


Objectives

l1 pt

-5 pt

Explain the basics of the LTE radio interface Give an overview of the evolution of LTE

Scope

Key LTE radio access features LTE in the future How to learn more
LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 4

or ea

le pt

Overview

le pt

tle pt ws

Key LTE radio access features


LTE radio access
Downlink: OFDM Uplink: SC-FDMA

l1 pt

OFDMA SC-FDMA

-5 pt

Advanced antenna solutions


Diversity Beam-forming Multi-layer transmission (MIMO)
TX TX

Spectrum flexibility
Flexible bandwidth New and existing bands Duplex flexibility: FDD and TDD

1.4 MHz

20 MHz

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 6

tle pt ws

LTE Radio Access Downlink


OFDM - Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

l1 pt

-5 pt

Large number of 15 kHz sub carriers Orthogonal: Other carriers zero at sampling point

User 1 User 2 User 3


(f = 15 kHz

frequency
LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 7

or ea

tle pt ws

LTE Radio Access Uplink


SC-FDMA Single Carrier FDMA (DFTS-OFDM)

l1 pt

-5 pt

Pre-coded OFDM Similar to OFDM


15 kHz tones BUT consecutive Same time-domain structure

Low Peak-to-Average Power Ratio


User 1 User 2 User 3

frequency
LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 8

or ea

tle pt ws

LTE DL Physical Resources


12 sub-carriers

l1 pt

-5 pt

One Scheduling Block (2 Resource Blocks) 180 kHz and 1 ms

frequency

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 9

tle pt ws

Scheduling
Time domain
Round-robin Max C/I Proportional fair
Round-robin Max C/I Proportional fair

l1 pt

-5 pt

Frequency domain
Consecutive Random Measurement based

Downlink

User 1 User 2 User 3

frequency

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 10

tle pt ws

Link adaptation
Layer 1 feature Time Domain (/user)
Modulation scheme Channel coding
OFDM symbol

l1 pt

Modulation scheme
QPSK 16QAM 64QAM

-5 pt

2bits

4bits

6bits

Channel coding

Data

Control

Data

Control

Frequency Domain (/SB)


Not that common

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 11

tle pt ws

Time dispersion
One OFDM symbol

l1 pt

-5 pt

Direct path Reflected path

Tu

Measured by UE

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 12

tle pt ws

Cyclic prefix insertion


One OFDM symbol

l1 pt

-5 pt

Direct path Reflected path

TCP

Tu

Measured by UE

CP: 4.7 s => 1.4km

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 13

tle pt ws

Multi-antenna Transmission
Examples
Radio channel

l1 pt

-5 pt eNodeB

MISO (Multiple In Single Out) Beam forming Transmit diversity

Terminal device

Radio channel

eNodeB

SIMO (Single In Multiple Out) Receive diversity

Terminal device

Radio channel

eNodeB

MIMO (Multiple In Multiple Out) All above + Spatial multiplexing (MIMO)

Terminal device

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 14

tle pt ws

Spectrum Flexibility
New and existing bands FDD and TDD Flexible bandwidth

l1 pt

-5 pt

1.4MHz: 6 Scheduling Blocks 20 MHz: 100 Scheduling Blocks

LTE Channel bandwidths [MHz]

1.4

10

15

20

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 15

tle pt ws

LTE DL peak rate


20 MHz and 4x4 MIMO AND 64 QAM
14 OFDM symbols per 1.0 ms subframe 64QAM = 6 bits per symbol 6 x 14 = 84 bits per 1.0 ms subframe

l1 pt

-5 pt

84bits/1.0ms = 84kbps per subcarrier 12 x 84kbps = 1.008Mbps per Scheduling Block 100 Scheduling Blocks in 20MHz 100 x 1.008Mbps = 100.8Mbps per antenna

4 x 4 MIMO: 403.2Mbps ! BUT in reality approx. 300Mbps


LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 16

and UL no MIMO 75Mbps

or ea

tle pt ws

LTE in the Future Evolution!


LTE Advanced study in 3GPP
Start March 2008 Expected Release 10 (2011)

l1 pt

-5 pt

LTE Advanced => LTE 3GPP Rel 10 Major enhancements


Higher peak rates Relaying solutions

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 17

tle pt ws

LTE 3GPP Rel 10


Higher peak rates
20 MHz

l1 pt

Carrier aggregation
100 MHz total bandwidth 20 MHz 20 MHz

-5 pt

Spectrum aggregation
40 MHz total bandwidth

DL/UL Multi-Antenna transmission

Peak rates: 3Gbps/1.5Gbps !


LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 18

or ea

tle pt ws

1.2Gbps demonstrated at MWC2010


4 x 20 MHz DL 4x4 MIMO Commercial hardware

l1 pt

-5 pt

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 19

le pt

Summary

le pt

tle pt ws

LTE FUNDAMENTALS
LTE radio access
OFDMA SC-FDMA

l1 pt

-5 pt

Advanced antenna solutions


TX TX

Spectrum flexibility
1.4 MHz 20 MHz

LTE in 3GPP Release 10

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 21

tle pt ws

HOW TO LEARN MORE


LTE in Product catalog Training courses LTE/EPC Competence Space LTE/EPC Business Tutorials MWC2010 in PCAT

l1 pt

-5 pt

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 22

tle pt ws

l1 pt

-5 pt

or ea

LTE Fundamentals Tutorial | Commercial in confidence | 2010-05-25 | Page 23