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Simulation occurs when a replication of a real world context (or a hypothesized real world context) contains with in a dynamic interactions that are result of manipulated factors. The interactions are reflective of the interactions occurring in the real world for application into the real world context. It proposed a virtual reality. It can yielding information about dangerous conditions like natural hazards (earthquake, tsunami, wind factors etc.). It deals with scale and complexity. Computer technology helps a lot in this research. It helps in material testing by virtual simulation (like fire fighting, wind factor analysis, climatic change, temp regulation inside a building etc.).


Drawing versus Simulation Photographs versus Simulation

Model versus Simulation


ICONIC Testing a material or products. ANAGOL Denoting a simulation of an actual or proposed physical system.

OPERATIONAL This model deals with peoples interaction with physical context but emphasis is more upon the data generated by role play. MATHEMATICAL System of numbering coding that capture real world relationships in quantifiable abstract values.

Relationship between Simulation Research And Logical Argumentation Research

The logical argumentation research can explain dynamic interactions but cannot actually demonstrate them. But the simulation research is designed to enact a particular case or at most of limited number of cases of the general theory.

Relationship between Simulation Research and Experimental Research

Experimental research isolates a context and identifies variable that can be manipulated to see how they effect with other variables. In this context experimental research is also isolating context and manipulating variables. Experimental research is more related to iconic simulation research. But simulation research recognizes that cause effect relationships are usually are not clear in real world context which always involve probabilistic factor.

Relationship between Simulation Research And Qualitative Research

Simulation research involves interviews, checking records, documents

or other kind of qualitative field work which are mainly qualitative research oriented.

Tactical concern about Simulation Research

Replicating the real world scenario simulation research has some limitations. Ways to overcome them are a large part of tactics of this research strategies are as Accuracy in replication Data error Co ordination problem Duplication of data Wrongly placed data etc. Wrong input of data Manual error Output printing/ modeling error

Tactical concern about Simulation Research

Iconic simulation consider thermal, wind, geological factors
Analog and operational simulation Public participation needed and accuracy should be maintain. Human being are considered as impotent factor.

Mathematical simulation Data input and output error are taking into consideration.
To achieve a high degree of realism, the simulation research is designed to include elements of uncertainty and consequent high level of difficulty.

Cost and workability concern

Iconic - availability of actual product and material and these must be exposed to complex replicated environmental conditions.
Analog and Operational individual to play the parts Mathematical deal a great time in translating real world realities into computer logics.

Strength of Simulation Research

Simulation research is capture the complexity of real world behaviors (natural and social behaviors) It provides a variety of ways of understanding the future behaviors of a context (pattern and projection of behaviors) It gives harmony between logical argumentation research, qualitative research, and experimental research and keeps a constant relationship between them.

Weakness of Simulation Research

Simulation research replicating a real world scenario but there is no assurance of completeness of the research in a projected schedule. There are many computing error may be possible during these process. This research is costlier than other type of research. Time is also consuming during this kind of research.

Simulations are used in a wide variety of practical contexts, such as:

analysis of air pollutant dispersion using atmospheric dispersion modelling in building industry. design of Noise barriers to effect roadway noise mitigation weather forecasting forecasting of prices on financial markets. behaviour of structures (such as buildings and industrial parts) under stress and other conditions design of industrial processes, such as chemical processing plants Strategic Management and Organizational Studies Urban Simulation Models that simulate dynamic patterns of urban development and responses to urban land use and transportation policies. Traffic engineering to plan or redesign parts of the street network from single junctions over cities to a national highway network, for transportation system planning, design and operations. modelling building crashes to test safety mechanisms in new building models

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