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Department of Rural Development

The right to work in the Directive Principles of the Constitution

The State shall direct its policy towards securing that the citizen, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means of livelihood (Article 39A)
The State shall make effective provision for securing the right to work (Article 41)

Wage Employment Programmes [WEP]

National Rural Employment Programme [NREP]: 198089 Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme [RLEGP] : 1983-89 Jawahar Rozgar Yojna[JRY]: 1989-99 Employment Assurance Scheme [EAS]: 1993-99 Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojna[JGSY]: 1999-2002 Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna[SGRY]: since September 2001 National Food For Work Programme [NFFWP]: launched on November 14, 2004

Problems of existing WEP

1. Lack of awareness 2. Lack of Planning 3. Quality of assets created not always of requisite standard 4. Reports of false muster rolls 5. Problems in Payment: often less than prescribed wages and 6. Disparity between wages paid to women and men. 7. Contractors persisted 8. No comprehensive data-base 9. Inadequate Capacity of implementing agencies. 10. No Public Accountability

NREGA : Paradigm Shift

National Rural Employment Guarantee Act: 2005 - From Programme to Act Enacted by Parliament in Sept 2005

To provide -Hundred days of wage employment -Unskilled manual work to any adult who seeks work -Livelihood security to rural households Creation of durable community assets

Hundred days of wage employment on demand in a financial year to the registered households Payment on weekly basis Equal wages to men and women Ban on contractors and labour-displacing machines Only works identified by gram panchayat, Mandal Parishad and Zilla Parishad


Engaging Aaya for taking care of children at work sites Engaging water persons for supply of drinking water at worksites Providing shade and floor sheet at work site

First aid box at worksite and medical facilities

Category of works
Priority wise
Water conservation & Water harvesting Drought Proofing including Afforestation Irrigation Canals including Micro/Minor Irrigation Works Provision of irrigation facilities to SC/ST Renovation of traditional Water bodies Land development Flood control & Protection Works Rural connectivity Any other works approved by GOI

Key players
Village: Field Asst, GP Secretary, Grama Panchayat Mandal: PO, MPDO, MPP District: PD DWMA, DPC(Dist Collector),ZP Tribal Areas: PO ITDA

Role of PRI s
PRIs play an imp role in planning and implementation 75 % works by GP 15% by Mandal Parishad 10 % by Zilla Parishad GP is the implementing agency for all works

NREGA Andhra Pradesh

NREGA is in implementation in 13 districts, 656 Intermediate Panchayaths and 13000 Grama Panchayaths

Vizayanagaram Chittoor Kadapa Anantapuram Mehaboobnagar Rangareddy Warangal KareemNagar Nizamabad Adilabad Nalgonda Medak Khammam

So far Progress
No of House Holds issued Job Cards 45 lakhs No of individuals provided employment 19 lakhs Expenditure Rs 260 crores No of works commenced and in progress 100000

NREGA Types of Works Andhra Pradesh

Nature of works taken up 70 % water conservation 10 % Irrigation related 5% Plantations 2 % road connectivity 13 % others

Provisions for disabled

150 days of employment

Priority in works like worksite facilities Nursery raising and plantation

Issues and Concerns

No rights perspective among labourers Who will demand? Does poor have capacity to demand? Resulting into -delay in starting works - poor participation of disabled -delay in payments -delay in providing worksite facilities

Issues and Concerns

Works should be approved in open Gram sabhas Poor attendance Muster rolls must be available on worksite

Uniqueness of APREGS Software package

Addressing Earlier short comings :

Delays in preparation of estimates by the engineers Tendency to boost up the estimates Lack of transparency in the preparation of estimates Non availability of the estimates for public scrutiny Non availability of estimates in local language

NREGA Andhra Pradesh

EGS software handles transactions such as

Generation of Job Cards Preparation of estimates Preparation of shelf of projects Generation of Work Commencement orders Generation of Work wise measurement sheets Generation of pay orders Generation of wage slips to individual labour

APREGS web site: www.nrega.ap.gov.in

The website enables any one to view the following Job cards issued relating to any panchayath The shelf of works Progress of works Estimates of the works in progress Wages paid to the workers Paid muster rolls

Social Audit
Mandatory in the act Taken up in 4 districts Plan to reach all Dists and mandals Declared as Resource State for 6 states in the country Follow up actions ensured Civil society organisations were involved

Unique Achievements
Work-Time motion studies Rural SSR Minimum wages average rate in the state Rs 85/ Equal wages for men and women Full data base Available in web site. Exclusive staff for EGS Women participation 48 % Payments direct to individuals thro post offices

Exclusive staff for EGS positioned

At village level - Field Asst At Mandal Level 3 Tech Assts _ 2 Computer Operators _ 1 Prog Officer At Dist Level _ Project Director _ Addnl Project Director _ 3 Program Managers At State _ Director _ SPM and 7 PMs

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