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Asia, largest of the Earth’s seven continents lying almost

entirely in the Northern Hemisphere with outlying islands.
As the largest continent , Asia contains some of the
world’s most spectacular natural features, including high
mountain ranges, majestic rivers and lakes and inland
seas for e.g. high mountains of Himalayas in India, Lake
Baikal in the vast plateau regions of Siberia. In South Asia,
the Deccan Plateau dominates India.
Surrounding Waters And Inland

 Asia is bounded on three sides by oceans:

the Arctic to the North, the Pacific to the East
and the Indian to the South. Many seas ,
bays and gulfs indent the continent’s
coastline which is 62,000 km. long. The
Indian subcontinent is flanked by the Bay of
Bengal on the east and the Arabian sea on
the west.

 The inland of Sri Lanka and the much smaller

Maldives and Nicobar island trail away to the
South. The Arabian Sea’s Gulf of Aden, the Red
Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea
form an arc along the western rim of Asia,
providing natural boundaries with Africa and
Europe. The Suez Canal, an artificial waterway,
provides a passage for ships between the
Mediterranean and Red Seas. The Persian Gulf
provides Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Kuwait access to
the Arabian Sea.
 Plains occupy more land area in Asia than
any other type of physical feature. Most of
the western and northeastern parts of
Russian Asia consists of plains. Other large
plains include the Ganges river in Northern
India, the Mekong river in Southeast Asia
and the Yangtze river in China.
Mountain ranges
 Asia ‘s mightiest mountain ranges includes the
Pamirs of Central Asia, a highland region where
Kazakhstan, Afghanistan and China intersect.
Southeast of the Pamirs are the Himalayas,
spanning 2400 km. and the Karakorum range which
lies just north of the Western Himalayas. These two
ranges contain world’s highest peak Mount Everest.

 Asiaexperiences virtually every climatic condition

on earth. With such an expansive, varied terrain,
with so many striking topographic features, the
continent is at once warm, cold, wet and dry.
 Several plateaus lie between the mountain ranges of
Central Asia. The highest is the Tibetan Plateau,
which is popularly known as the Roof of the World,
bounded by the Kunlun mountains and the
Himalayas. In South Asia, most of the peninsula of
India consists of the great triangular Deccan
Plateau. Much of the northern part of Russia is
occupied by the Central Siberian Plateau.
 Encarta Encyclopedia

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