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HUAWEI BTS3900 Hardware Structure

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Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Foreword

The BTS3900 developed by Huawei is an indoor macro BTS. The BTS3900 mainly consists of the BBU and DRFU.

Compared with traditional BTS, the BTS3900 features


simpler structure and higher integration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

References

31183198-BTS3900 GSM Documentation

BTS3900 GSM Hardware Description BTS3900 GSM Product Description

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page3

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Know the application scenarios of BTS3900 Grasp the hardware structure of BTS3900 Grasp the functions of the modules Master typical configuration of BTS3900 Know the networking topology of BTS3900

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page4

Contents
1. BTS3900 Overview 2. BTS3900 Hardware Components 3. BTS3900 Signal Flow 4. BTS3900 Configuration 5. BTS3900 Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page5

Location of BTS3900
Um Interface MS BTS3900 BSC A Interface MS MSC/VLR MAP BTS3900 TUP,ISUP PSTN ISDN PSPDN

BTS3900 MS BTS3900 OMC

HLR/AUC/EIR SMC/VM

MS: Mobile Station HLR: Home Location Register MSC: Mobile Switching Center VM: Voice Mailbox

BTS: Base Transceiver Station AUC: Authentication Center VLR: Visitor Location Register OMC: Operation and Maintenance Center

BSC: Base Station Controller EIR: Equipment Identity Register SMC: Short Message Center

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page6

Functions and Features

It supports multiple frequency bands, such as PGSM900,

EGSM900, and GSM1800

It supports the Abis IP/FE interface in hardware and enables Abis over IP through software upgrade if required

It supports transmit diversity and PBT It supports 2-antenna and 4-antenna receive diversity to improve the uplink coverage

It is developed on the basis of the unified BTS platform for Huawei wireless products and enables the smooth evolution from 2G to 3G

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page7

Functions and Features

When the DRFU is configured, a BTS3900 can support a

maximum of 12 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of


S4/4/4. In addition, a site configured with the BTS3900s can support a maximum of 36 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S12/12/12

When the GRFU is configured, a BTS3900 can support a maximum of 36 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S12/12/12. In addition, a site configured with the BTS3900s can support a maximum of 72 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S24/24/24

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page8

Contents
1. BTS3900 Overview 2. BTS3900 Hardware Components 3. BTS3900 Signal Flow 4. BTS3900 Configuration 5. BTS3900 Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page9

BTS3900 Hardware Structure

The dimensions of the BTS3900 cabinet

600mm(Width)*450mm(Depth)* 900mm(Height)

The weight of the BTS3900 cabinet

Empty cabinet:57kg Full Configuration: 132kg

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page10

Structure of the BTS3900 Cabinet

Double radio filter unit

Fan box GSM antenna and TMA control module Baseband unit Direct current distribution unit

-48V Cabinet
Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page11

Structure of the BTS3900 Cabinet

Double radio filter unit

Fan box GSM antenna and TMA control module Baseband unit Direct current distribution unit Power supply unit +24V or 220VAC Cabinet
Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page12

Logical Structure and Signal Flow

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page13

Contents
2. BTS3900 Hardware Components
2.1 BBU Unit 2.2 RF Unit 2.3 Power module & Components

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page14

BBU

The typical power consumption of BBU is 35W The weight of the BBU is 12 kg at most

All the boards can be inserted from the front panel


The permissible range of power input is 38.4 V DC to 57 V DC

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page15

Working Principles of the BBU

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page16

Boards and Modules in BBU


BSBC: The universal BBU Subrack Backplane type C GTMU: The GSM Transmission, Timing and Management Unit UBFA: The Universal BBU Fan unit type A UPEU: The Universal Power and Environment interface Unit UELP: The Universal E1/T1 Lightning Protection unit UEIU: The Universal Environment Interface Unit

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page17

BSBC Board

The BSBC provides slot 6 for the GTMU, slot 7 for a main control board that supports 3G, and slots 0 to 5 as common slots. The GTMU is 1 U high. Therefore, from the view of the front panel, the GTMU is located in slots 5 and 6 Provide backplane interfaces, communication channels, distribute clock signal and +12V power supply for the other boards

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page18

GTMU

The GSM Transmission, Timing, and Management Unit for BBU (GTMU) controls and manages the entire BTS. It provides interfaces related to the reference clock, power monitoring, OM, and external alarm collection.

Distributes and manages BTS clock signals Provides the Ethernet port for terminal maintenance Supports four routes of E1 inputs Provides the CPRI ports for communication with the DRFU

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page19

GTMU Ports
Label CPRI0CPRI5 ETH FE0 Connector Type SFP RJ45 RJ45 Description Ports for the communication between the BBU and the RF module; support input and output of the optical and electrical signal . Port for local maintenance and commissioning A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the Ethernet cable to transmit network information. A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the optical cable to transmit network information. A reserved port that performs the following function: Enables the automatic software upgrade from a USB disk. Provides a reference clock for the tester.

FE1

DLC

USB TST E1/T1

USB USB

DB26 female

Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the GTMU and the UELP or between the GTMU and the BSC.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page20

GTMU Indicators
LED Color ON OFF RUN Green ON for 1s, OFF for 1s Status The board is faulty. No power supply is available or the board is faulty. The board is operational. Description

ON for 2s, OFF for 2s


ON for 0.125s OFF for 0.125s ALM Red ON OFF ON OFF ON LIU0-LIU3 Green ON for 0.125s OFF for 0.125s OFF CPRI0CPRI5 Green Red ON ON

The OML link is abnormal.


The board is loading software. A fault occurs in the running board. No alarm is generated. The board is operational. The board is faulty. This link is not used. A remote E1/T1 alarm is generated. This link is operational. The CPRI link is normal. The reception of the optical module is abnormal and an alarm is generated.

ACT

Green

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page21

UELP

UELP is the E1/T1 signal lightening protection unit of BBU and it can provide protection for 4 route E1/T1 signal

GTMU

Port INSIDE

Type DB25 male

Relative cables E1 transferring cable

Description Transfers the four E1/T1 signals between the UELP and the GTMU Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the BBU and the BSC

OUTSIDE

DB26 male

E1/T1 cable

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page22

UPEU

The universal power and environment interface unit (UPEU) supports the 48V /-24V DC power input, supplies power to the boards, modules, and fan

in the BBU, and provides access to multiple environment monitoring


signals
Port Type Description Transmitting two RS485 environment monitoring signals Transmitting two RS485 environment monitoring signals Transmitting four dry contact alarms Transmitting four dry contact alarms +24 V/-48 V DC power input

MON0 RJ45 MON1 RJ45 EXTALM0 EXTALM1 PWR RJ45 RJ45 3V3

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page23

UEIU

UEIU is the environment interface board of BBUit can support multi-route monitoring signal input

UEIU is optional and is only used when more ports are needed

Label MON0 MON1

Connector Type RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45

Description One RS485 signal One RS485 signal

EXTALM0
EXTALM1

Four dry contact signals


Four dry contact signals

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page24

Monitoring System

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page25

USCU

The Universal Satellite Card and Clock Unit (USCU) is compatible with six types of satellite card, provides absolute timing information and the 1 Pulse Per Second (PPS) reference clock for the main control board, and provides the RGPS ports and BITS port.

Port 1 GPS port 2 RGPS ports 3 BITS port 4 TEST port

Description Used for receiving GPS signals Used for receiving RGPS signals

Connected to the BITS clock; supporting adaptive input of the 2.048 MHz and 10 MHz clocks
Used for testing the clock

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page26

UBFA

The universal BBU fan unit type A (2U) (UBFA) works with the air inlet box of the cabinet to form a ventilation circuit, thus cooling the entire cabinet

The UBFA module communicates with the GTMU to regulate the temperature, adjust the fan speed, and report alarms. The UBFA module is hot swappable
Label Color Status 0.125s ON, 0.125s OFF (Green) STATE Red /Green 1s ON, 1s OFF (Green) 1s ON, 1s OFF (Red) OFF Description The module is not registered, and no alarm is reported. The module is running properly. The module is reporting alarms. The module is powered off or the program is not loaded.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page27

BBU Cables Connection

BBU cables connection between BBU, BSC, RFU and Auxiliary equipment

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page28

BBU Hardware structure-Review

Please fill the boards name in the blank of the BBU panel

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page29

Contents
2. BTS3900 Hardware Components
2.1 BBU Unit 2.2 RF Unit 2.3 Power module and Components

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page30

RF Unit

RF Unit handles modulation and demodulation between baseband signals and RF signals, data processing, and combining-distribution. There are two kinds RF Unit, DRFU and GRFU

One Double Radio Frequency Unit (DRFU) provides two TRXs.

One GSM Radio Frequency Unit (GRFU) provides a maximum of six TRXs.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page31

Main Functions of DRFU


One double radio filter unit (DRFU) provides two TRXs The DRFU performs modulation and demodulation between baseband signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides signals

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page32

Working Principles of the DRFU

The DRFU consists of the high-speed interface unit, signal processing unit, power amplifier, and dual-duplexer

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page33

Ports of the DRFU


Type Port for transmitting and receiving RF signals Connector N female connector Ports ANT1 ANT2 CPRI0 CPRI1 RX1 in Port for transmitting RF signals between DRFUs RX1 out RX2 in RX2 out Power port 7W2 power connector PWR Description

Used in connection to the antenna subsystem

CPRI port

SFP female connector

Used in connection to the BBU, or in connection to the upper-level cascaded DRFU Used in connection to the lower-level cascaded DRFU Input port for diversity signals in antenna channel 1 Output port of diversity signals in antenna channel 1 Input port for diversity signals in antenna channel 2 Output port of diversity signals in antenna channel 2 Receives power input

QMA female connector

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page34

LEDs of the DRFU


LED Color On Off RUN Green On for 1s Off for 1s On for 0.125s Off for 0.125s On for 1s Off for 1s ALM Red Off On On ACT Green Off On for 1s Off for 1s Status Description The power input is normal, but the module is faulty. No power input is available, or the module is faulty. The module is functional.

The module is loading data.


A fault alarm is generated. No alarm is generated. A fault alarm is generated, need to change another module. The module is functional and is correctly connected to the BBU. The connection with the BBU is not established. The DRFU is being tested on the Site Maintenance

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page35

LEDs of the DRFU


Off On for 1s Off for 1s VSWR Red On for 0.125s Off for 0.125s On On (green) CPRI0 Red Green No VSWR alarm is detected. The VSWR alarm is generated only on the ANT2 port. The VSWR alarms are generated on the ANT1 and ANT2 ports. The VSWR alarm is generated only on the ANT1 port. The CPRI link is functional.

On (red)
On for 1s Off for 1s (red) On (green)

The interface module fails to receive signals.


The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error. The CPRI link is functional. The interface module fails to receive signals. The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error.

CPRI1

Red Green

On (red) On for 1s Off for 1s (red)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page36

Question

If the VSWR is always on, what does it mean? Can you describe the Impact on the system and the reasons?

It means only ANT1 have VSWR Alarm. Once the alarm is generated, the service carried by the TRX is totally interrupted.
The reasons list as following:

The VSWR of the antenna system is too high. The connection between the output port of the TRX and the feeder is improper. The antenna system is not in connection for the DRFU. The DRFU is faulty. Data configuration in BSC is incorrect.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page37

Contents
2. BTS3900 Hardware Components
2.1 BBU Unit 2.2 RF Unit 2.3 Power module and Components

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page38

Main Functions of DCDU


Receiving -48 V DC power input Distributing the -48 V DC power of 10 outputs for boards and modules in the cabinet Providing surge protection of 10 kA in differential mode and 15 kA in common mode and providing dry contact for surge protection failure

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page39

Power Subrack (AC/DC)

The power subrack (AC/DC) consists of the PMU, PSU (AC/DC) and the wiring unit of the power subrack (220 V).

The power subrack (AC/DC) converts the 220 V AC power to the 48 V DC power.

1) PMU 2) PSU 3) Wiring unit

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page40

Main Functions of PMU(AC/DC)

The Power and Environment Monitoring Unit (PMU) provides a comprehensive function of power supply management, power distribution check, and alarm reporting.

Communicates with the GTMU through the RS232/RS422 serial port Manages the power system and the battery charging and discharging Detects and reports monitoring signals

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

LEDs Power supply test ports RS232/RS422 ports Battery control switch COM port

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page41

Ports of PMU
Ports
RS232/RS422 port

Function
Used in communication with the central processing unit The battery switch has two control ports ON and OFF, which are used for switching on and switching off the battery Press and hold the port ON for 5-10 seconds to switch on the battery Press and hold the port OFF for 5-10 seconds to switch off the battery Two power supply test holes -48V and 0V are available for measurement through an ordinary multi-meter

Battery switch

Power supply test port

COM port
Backplane port

Used in connection to the external signal transfer board


Used in connection to the backplane

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page42

Main Functions of PSU(AC/DC)

Converting 220 V AC power to -48 V DC power and supplying -48 V DC power to the DCDU

Monitoring alarms related to module faults (such as output overvoltage,


no output, and fan faults), alarms related to module protection (such as over temperature protection and input overvoltage/undervoltage protection), and module out-of-position alarm

1 2 3

1 Power running LED 2 Protection LED 3 Fault LED

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page43

Power Subrack (DC/DC)

The power subrack (DC/DC) provides access for the external +24 V DC. In the power subrack, it contain two components, PSUs

(DC/DC) and Wiring unit.

PSUs (DC/DC) convert the +24 V DC power into the -48 V DC power, and then leads the -48 V DC power to the DCDU-01 over

the power cable through the wiring unit of the power subrack.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page44

Main Functions of PSU(DC/DC)

Converting +24 V DC power to -48 V DC power and leading the -48 V DC power to the DCDU

1 Power running LED 2 Protection LED 3 Fault LED

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page45

Power Distribution Mode 1

The BTS3900 cabinet can use three types of power inputs, namely, -48 V DC, +24 V DC, and 220 V AC

If the external -48 V DC power input is used, no additional power system is


required. The external -48 V DC power input is directly connected to the power input terminals on the DCDU (10 outputs). Then, the DCDU distributes the -48 V DC power to each module in the cabinet

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page46

Power Distribution Mode 2

When the external +24 V DC power or +220V AC power is used, PSUs and a cable in/out unit are configured in the cabinet. The PSUs convert

the external power into the -48 V DC power and supply the -48 V DC
power to the DCDU Then, the DCDU distributes the -48 V DC power to each module in the cabinet

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page47

Power Distribution Mode 3

This is the power distribution when a -48 V DC cabinet is stacked on a +24 V DC cabinet or +220V AC cabinet. The PSUs convert the external

+24 V DC or +220VAC power into the -48 V DC power and supply -48 V
DC power to the DCDUs in both cabinets. Then, the DCDUs distribute the -48 V DC power to the modules in both cabinets

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page48

Main Functions of GATM

The GSM antenna and TMA control module (GATM) is a module that controls the antenna and TMA. The GATM is optional when the DRFU module is configured.

Controls the RET antenna Feeds power to the TMA Reports the RET control alarm signals Monitors the current from the feeder

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Page49

Ports on the GATM


Ports Connector SMA female Function Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals for the RET antenna

ANT0 ANT2 ANT4


ANT1 ANT3 ANT5 COM1 COM2

SMA female RJ45 RJ45

Providing power for the antenna Used in connection to the BBU Providing the extended RS485 port to be cascaded with other devices

-48 V

7W2

Receiving the -48 V power input

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page50

Features and Functions of Fan Box

The FAN unit, also called the fan box module, dissipates the heat in the cabinet. One FAN unit has four independent fans.
Detects the temperature Communicates with BBU unit to report alarms and the adjusted rotation speed of the fans to BBU

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Page51

Cable Connection of -48V Cabinet


Cable Number R1-R12 P1-P2 P3-P8 P9 P10 P11-P12 S1-S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 RF Jumpers External Power Cables (-48 V) Cable Name Quantit y 12 2 6 1 1 2 6 1 1 1 1
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Power Cables Between the DCDU and DRFUs


Power Cable Between the DCDU and Fan Box Power Cable Between the DCDU and BBU Reserved CPRI Signal Cables Between the BBU and DRFU E1 Transfer Cable of the BBU Monitoring Signal Cables for the DCDU Monitoring Signal Cable for the Fan Box E1/T1 Cable of the BBU

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. BTS3900 Overview 2. BTS3900 Hardware Components 3. BTS3900 Signal Flow 4. BTS3900 Configuration 5. BTS3900 Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page53

BTS3900 Signal Flow

The signal flow of the BTS3900 consists of the traffic signal flow and the signaling flow of the BTS.

DL traffic signal flow UL traffic signal flow Signaling flow

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page54

Traffic Signal Flow

The DL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the BSC to the MS through the BTS3900. The BBU and RFUs work together to

process the DL traffic signals

Opposite to the DL traffic signal flow, the UL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the MS to the BSC through the BTS3900. The

BBU and RFUs work together to process the UL traffic signals


DBUS CBUS FHBU S CPRI

BS C BBU E 1

DRFU

R F

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page55

Signaling Flow

This describes the BTS3900 signaling flow on the Abis interface. The BBU serves as the control unit and works with the RFUs to process the signaling.

BSC

DBUS CBUS FHBUS E1

BBU

CPRI

DRFU

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page56

Contents
1. BTS3900 Overview 2. BTS3900 Hardware Components 3. BTS3900 Signal Flow 4. BTS3900 Configuration 5. BTS3900 Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page57

Contents
4. Configurations of the BTS3900
4.1 Configuration Principle 4.2 Antenna Mode 4.3 Transmit Mode and Receive Mode 4.4 Typical Configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page58

Basic Configuration Principles

The DRFU supports a maximum of two carriers and it is applicable to small- and middle-capacity scenarios

The GRFU supports a maximum of six carriers and it is applicable


to large-capacity scenarios

The DRFU and GRFU can be configured in the same cabinet or

cell to support flexible capacity expansion

Wide coverage is preferred. The DRFU supports the PBT, TX diversity, and 4-way RX diversity mode. Therefore, the DRFU can be applied to wide-coverage scenarios

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page59

Antenna Configuration Principles


One dual-polarized antenna can serve a maximum of two RFUs. By default, RX diversity is adopted on the GSM network. That is, two feeders connected to two single-polarized antennas or one dual-polarized antenna must be configured in a cell.

Each cell of the BTS must be configured with the minimum

number of antennas.

For the 2-way RX diversity, each cell has two antenna channels; for the 4-way RX diversity, each cell has four antenna channels.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page60

DRFU Configuration Principles

A single DRFU does not support the S1/1 application; however, three DRFUs support the S3/3 application

When the DRFU works in TX PBT, TX diversity, or 4-way


RX diversity mode, a DRFU provides only one TRX.

When only DRFU are configured, One BTS3900 can support a maximum of 12 carriers in the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4. A site configured with the BTS3900s can support a maximum of 36 carriers in the maximum cell

configuration of S12/12/12

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page61

Contents
4. Configurations of the BTS3900
4.1 Configuration Principle 4.2 Antenna Mode 4.3 Transmit Mode and Receive Mode 4.4 Typical Configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page62

DRFU Antenna Mode

Single Feeder

Single Feeder (1TX + 1RX), for one DRFU configuration Single Feeder (1TX + 2RX), for two DRFUs configuration

Double Feeder

Double Feeder (1TX + 1RX), for one DRFU configuration Double Feeder (1TX + 2RX), for one DRFU configuration Double Feeder (2TX + 2RX), for one DRFU configuration Double Feeder (2TX + 4RX), for two DRFUs configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page63

Signal Feeder
TX/RX TX/RX TX/RX

Single Feeder (1TX + 1RX)

Single Feeder (1TX + 2RX)

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Page64

Double Feeder
TX RX TX/RX

RX

Double Feeder (1TX + 1RX)

Double Feeder (1TX + 2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page65

Double Feeder
TX/RX TX/RX TX/RX RX RX TX/RX

Double Feeder (2TX + 2RX)

Double Feeder (2TX + 4RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page66

Contents
4. Configurations of the BTS3900
4.1 Configuration Principle 4.2 Antenna Mode 4.3 Transmit Mode and Receive Mode 4.4 Typical Configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page67

Transmit Mode and Receive Mode

DRFU transmit mode

Transmit independency or combining PBT Dynamic PBT Diversity transmitter

DRFU receive mode

Main diversity receiver Four diversity receiver

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Page68

DRFU Internal Structure

2 TRXs and 2 duplexers are integrated in DRFU module which can be connected to antenna directly

The RX_IN and RX_OUT port of DRFU can support the receiving signal interconnection between 2 DRFUs, so that the 2 DRFUs can share different feeders

Interface Processing Unit

DUP

ANTA

CPRI-0

ANTB DUP

CPRI-1

RX-IN
RX_OUT

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Page69

Transmit Independency

In transmit independency mode, TRX0 occupies channel A while TRX1 occupies channel B

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2

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Page70

Transmit Combining

In transmit combining modethe two TRXs are combined and transmitted through channel A

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2

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Page71

PBT

In PBT mode, only the TRX0 can work PBT mode can improve the transmitting power In PBT modeonly channel A is used by downlink signal

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page72

Dynamic PBT

Dynamic PBT is a mode based on the operation of timeslots, compared with static PBT, it brings the balance between capacity and coverage and does not cause the 50% decrease of capacity The subscriber occupies a TS under the detection of measure report. When the quality is lower than a threshold, the same No. of TS of the adjacent TRX will be used as the secondary TS by the subscriber to start PBT. (The former subscriber in the secondary TS will handover) When the quality is higher than a threshold, the PBT will be canceled and the secondary TS will be released

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page73

The Principle of Dynamic PBT


Timeslots TRXs

Poor quality Good quality

No signal

Signal quality

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page74

Transmit Diversity

In Transmit diversity mode, only the TRX0 can work Transmit diversity mode improves the quality of downlink signal

In Transmit diversity modethe signal from the TRX0 is divided to 2 channels and be transmitted through ANTA and ANTB

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page75

Question

When configuring Transmit Mode, Transmit Independency or Combining can be chosen. How can we know whether

Transmit Independency or Transmit Combining is used?

It will be decided by antenna mode. When 2 TRXs are used in one DRFU,

If the antenna mode is Single antenna or Double


antenna(1TX), the transmit mode must be Transmit Independency If the antenna mode is Double antenna(2TX), the transmit mode must be Transmit Combining

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page76

Main Diversity receiver


In this modeboth of the 2 TRXs can work Each TRX receives the signal from 2 feeders In the following figurethe TRX gets the receiving signal from channel A and B of

the single DRFU

It is also possible for TRX to share the receiving channels with another DRFU

CPRI0

DUP

ANT1

CPRI1

DUP

ANT2 RX-IN RX_OUT

If only one ANT channel is used, TRX can also use the ANT channel of other DRFU through RX-in to ensure 2 way receiving

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Interface Processing Unit

Page77

Four Diversity Receiver


In this mode, only the first TRX can work The working TRXs get the uplink signals from 4 ANT ports of 2 DRFUs
Cable connection for sharing the receiving signals

Interface Processing Unit Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0 CPRI1

DUP DUP

ANT1 ANT2 RX-IN RX_OUT

CPRI0 CPRI1

DUP DUP

ANT1 ANT2 RX-IN RX_OUT

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page78

Contents
4. Configurations of the BTS3900
4.1 Configuration Principle 4.2 Antenna Mode 4.3 Transmit Mode and Receive Mode 4.4 Typical Configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page79

DRFU S1/S2 Configuration

S1 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver


Antenna mode: Double antenna(1TX+2RX)

S1 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit diversity

RX mode: Main diversity receiver


Antenna mode: Double antenna(2TX+2RX)

S2 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver


Antenna mode: Double antenna(2TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page80

DRFU S2/S3/S4 Configuration

S2 Configuration

TX mode: PBT

RX mode: Main diversity receiver


Antenna mode: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

S3/S4 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page81

DRFU S5/S6 Configuration

S5/S6 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or

Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode

DRFU0: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

DRFU1: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)


DRFU2: Double antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page82

DRFU S7/S8 Configuration

S7/S8 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or

Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page83

DRFU S3/3 Configuration

S3/3 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or

Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode

DRFU0: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

DRFU1: Double antenna(2TX+4RX)


DRFU2: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page84

Contents
1. BTS3900 Overview 2. BTS3900 Hardware Components 3. BTS3900 Signal Flow 4. BTS3900 Configuration 5. BTS3900 Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page85

BTS Star Topology

The star topology applies to common areas, especially densely populated areas, such as cities

In the star topology, each site is directly connected to the BSC

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page86

BTS Chain Topology

The chain topology applies to sparsely populated areas in striplike terrain, such as areas along highways and railway tracks

The chain topology reduces cost in transmission equipment,


construction, and transmission link lease

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page87

BTS Tree Topology

The tree topology applies to areas where network structures, site distribution, and subscriber distribution are complicated

The tree topology requires fewer transmission cables


compared with the star topology

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page88

BTS Ring Topology

The ring topology applies to common scenarios. Due to its strong self-healing capability, the ring topology is preferred if permitted by the routing If there is a breaking point in the ring, the ring breaks into two chains at the breaking point automatically. In this way, the BTSs preceding and following the breaking point can work normally despite the breaking point; thus improving the robustness of the system

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page89

DRFU Topologies Configuration

The DRFU supports various network

topologies: star, chain,


and ring

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page90

Contents
1. BTS3900 Overview 2. BTS3900 Hardware Components 3. BTS3900 Signal Flow 4. BTS3900 Configuration 5. BTS3900 Network 6. GRFU Introduction

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page91

Introduction of GRFU

GRFU is based on multi-carrier technology, one GRFU can support six TRXs at most.

GRFU performs modulation and demodulation between


baseband signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides signals.

The main new features and functions of GRFU

Inner Bias-Tee. Integration of feeder current to TMA. Provides power sharing. Improves the network coverage,

reduces the interference and power consumption and save the


device cost.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page92

Multi-carrier Technology

The principle of multi-carrier technology: multiple carriers share one power amplifier and one RF channel. Baseband pool replaced independent baseband unit. Improve the integration. Digital IF combination replaced Analog RF combination. There isnt combination loss.

Single-carrier Technology
Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Multi-carrier Technology
Page93

Ports of GRFU
Port Type Port for transceiving RF signals Label ANT_RXB ANT_TX/RXA CPRI0 CPRI CPRI1 Connector Type DIN connector DIN connector SFP female connector SFP female connector QMA female connector QMA female connector Description

Connecting to the antenna subsystem.

Connecting to the BBU, or the upper-level RFU during the cascading. Connecting to the lower-level RFU during the cascading. Input port of diversity signals in the antenna channel. Output port of diversity signals in the antenna channel. Feeding power. Monitoring port.

Interconnection port for RF receive signals

RX_INB

RX_OUTA

Power supply port Monitoring port

PWR MON

3V3 power connector


RJ45 connector

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page94

LEDs of GRFU
LED Color Status ON OFF RUN Green 1s ON 1s OFF Description The power input is normal, but the module is faulty. There is no power supply, or the module is faulty. The module is running properly. The software is being loaded to the module. A fault alarm is generated. No alarm is generated. The module is functional and is correctly connected to the BBU. The connection with the BBU is not set up. No VSWR alarm is generated. The VSWR alarm is generated on the ANT_TX/RX port.

0.2s ON 0.2s OFF


ALM Red 1s ON 1s OFF OFF ON ACT Green OFF OFF VSWR Red ON

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page95

LEDs of GRFU
ON (Green) CPRI0 Red Green ON (Red) 1s ON 1s OFF (Red) ON (Green) CPRI1 Red Green ON (Red) 1s ON, 1s OFF (Red) The CPRI link is normal. The interface module fails to receive signals.

The CPRI link is out of lock.


The CPRI link is normal. The interface module fails to receive signals. The CPRI link is out of lock.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page96

Compare GRFU with DRFU


Port Type Port for transceiving RF signals CPRI CPRI0 CPRI1 RX_INB GRFU ANT_TX/RXA ANT_RXB Relative position lower upper lower upper upper Rx_1 out DRFU ANT1 ANT2 CPRI0 CPRI1 Rx_1 in Interconnection port for RF Receive signals Relative position upper lower upper lower

Rx_2 in
RX_OUTA lower Rx_2 out Non existence

Monitoring port

MON

existence

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page97

Output power of GRFU

The output power of different configuration is also configured differently


Output power
GMSK/8PSK 80W/53W 40W/26W 31W/20W 27W/17W 18W/12W 16W/10W

Frequency bands S1 S2 PGSM 900MHz / GSM1800MHz S3 S4 S5 S6

Configuration

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page98

Limitation of GRFU

If the frequency interval of a cell is outside the range of 15MHz, 2 GRFUs can be considered to be used and the range of frequency for each GRFU also should be within15MHz.

Generally, it is suggested that the number of carriers should be set to 2 GRFUs averagely if 2 GRFUs are used in a cell. For example: S8 should be configured as 4+4 when 2 GRFU are used.
GRFU supports whole frequency band of PGSM 900MHz, high 45MHz frequency band and low 45MHz frequency band of DCS1800MHz.
GRFU Whole 25MHz frequency band of 900MHz Low 45MHz of 1800MHz High 45MHz of 1800MHz DL 935-960MHz 1805-1850MHz 1835-1880MHz UL 890-915MHz 1710-1755MHz 1740-1785MHz

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page99

Configuration Principle of GRFU


The DRFU and GRFU can be configured in the same cabinet. When the GRFU is configured, a single BTS3900 provides a

maximum of 36 carriers with the maximum cell configuration of


S12/12/12. In addition, a site configured with the BTS3900s can support a maximum of 72 carriers, with the maximum cell configuration of S24/24/24.

One GRFU does not serve two cells. Each cell with a single antenna can be configured with a maximum of two GRFUs.

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page100

Transmit Mode and Receive Mode of GRFU

GRFU Transmit Mode

Transmit independency or combining

GRFU Receive Mode

Main diversity receiver

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page101

GRFU S2-S6 Configuration

S2-S6 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Double antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page102

GRFU S7-S12 Configuration

S7-S12 Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode: Single

antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page103

DRFUGRFU Configuration

DRFUGRFU Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode:

GRFU: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)


DRFU: Single antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page104

DRFUGRFU Configuration

DRFUGRFU Configuration

TX mode: Transmit Independency or Combining

RX mode: Main diversity receiver Antenna mode:

GRFU: Double antenna(1TX+2RX)


DRFU: Double antenna(1TX+2RX)

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page105

Summary

BTS3900 functions and features BTS3900 hardware structure and components Working mode, configuration principles, RF cable configurations, typical configurations

BTS networking topology and RFU connection

Copyright 2009 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page106

Thank you
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