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History of the Republican Party

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Topics of Discussion

History & Success of the National Republican Party. Structure & Operation of the Republican National Committee

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National Republican History

As the first Republican President, Abraham Lincoln is largely considered the father of the Republican Party. However, the actual organizers of the GOP are names that are not all too common in history books.

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National Republican History

Bovay

On March 20, 1854, Alvan E. Bovay organized a very important meeting in Ripon, Wisconsin. Bovay united discouraged members of the Free Soil, Conscience Whigs & Anti Nebraska Democrat Parties. They formed the first Republican Party.

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National Republican History

The first local GOP was formed in Ripon Wisconsin on March 20, 1854. The first State GOP was formed in Jackson, Michigan on July 6, 1854. The first National GOP Convention was held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on February 22, 1856.

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National Republican History-Our First Presidential Candidate

Famous Explorer John Charles Fremont was the first Republican candidate for President. Although an unsuccessful Third Party candidate, Fremont managed to receive 1/3 of the vote against the winner Democrat James Buchanan. Free Soil, free labor, free speech, free men, Fremont!

Fremont

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National Republican HistoryThe First Team Player

A little known fact is that in 1864 disgruntled Republicans offered Fremont a nomination for President against Lincoln.

After considering the matter, he declined their request, saying in his letter of withdrawal that he did so "not to aid in the triumph of Mr. Lincoln, but to do my part toward preventing the election of the Democratic candidate."
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Issues of Origin
From the beginning the GOP stood for Freedom. Core Beliefs: -Individuals, not government -Abolishing Slavery -Free Soil/ Right to own the land -Free Speech -Womens Suffrage.

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Leading Role in Securing the Right to Vote for Women

In 1896, the GOP was the first Major Party in support of Womens Suffrage. When the 19th Amendment was added to the Constitution, 26 of 36 State Legislatures ratifying were in under GOP Control.

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The First Woman in Congress

Jeanette Rankin of Montana was the first-ever woman elected to the US House of Representatives. 1917 She was Republican!

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Abolishing Slavery & Electing African Americans

Lincolns Emancipation Proclamation and the passage of the 13th Amendment by a Republican Congress abolished slavery.

Republicans passed the Civil Rights Acts of 1866 recognizing African Americans as US Citizens.

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14th Amendment
Republicans proposed the 14th amendment which became Part of the Constitution in 1868:

All persons born or naturalized in the US, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the US and of that state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the US; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without the due process of law; Nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal Protection of the laws.
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First African Americans in Congress

In 1869 the first African Americans entered Congress as Republicans establishing a trend that would not be broken until 1935. Hiram R. Revels (R)was the first US Senator in 1870. Blanche K. Bruce (R) was the first Full term US Senator. Edward Brooke (R) of MA was the first popularly elected US Senator in 1967. Also the first to be reelected.

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Bruce

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GOP & the Presidency

Since the election of Abraham Lincoln the GOP has out polled the Democrat for the office of the Presidency. For 36 of the 56 years between 1952 and 2008, the GOP held the Presidency.
Source: www.rnc.org

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Can you name your Republican Presidents?

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Can you name your Republican Presidents?

Lincoln

Grant

Hayes

Garfield

Arthur

Harrison

McKinley

Roosevelt

Taft

Harding

Coolidge

Hoover

Eisenhower

Nixon

Ford

Reagan

Bush 41

Bush 43

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US Senate- by Party
US Senate 1855 to 2007

0% 47% 53% Republicans 80 Years Democrats 72 Years Tied 2 Years

1861 was the first year for a GOP Majority!


Source: www.senate.gov

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US House- by Party
US House 1855 to 2009

44% Republicans 68 Years 56% Democrats 86 Years

1859 was the first year for a GOP Majority!


Source: www.house.gov

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Origin of the GOP Elephant

In 1874 Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast depicted the GOP as the Elephant and the Democrats as the Donkey.

The political theme of the cartoon was the potential decision by then President Ulysses S. Grant to seek a third term.

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The First Elephant

Harpers Weekly 1874- Thomas Nast

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Gallant Old Party Grand Old Party Get Out & Push Grand Open Party

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Welcome to RNC!

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Grassroots Rule!

Republican Voters
County Committee Members
County Chairman State Committee Members
State Chairman National Committee Members

National Chairman

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RNC Voting Members


168 Voting Members of the RNC. State Chairs, National Committeewomen & National Committeemen are voting members. All 50 States & 6 US Territories send a three person delegation to vote on RNC matters.

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Republican Party of New Mexico

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Getting Involved
Republican

Party of New Mexico*

Director of Administration: Heather Hall Phone: 505-298-3662 E-mail: HHall@gopnm.org

* For other organizations/campaigns please see our contact sheet handout

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