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Grammar – Unit 49

Questions
Agenda

 Learning Objectives

 Example Set A for where to put the subject.

 Example Set B for where to use do/does.

 Example Set C for the position of prepositions.

 Example Set D for negative questions.

Additional Exercises 2
Agenda

 Learning Objectives

 Example Set A for where to put the subject.

 Example Set B for where to use do/does.

 Example Set C for the position of prepositions.

 Example Set D for negative questions.

Additional Exercises 3
Learning objectives
 Where to put the subject and where to use do/does.

 To know where to put prepositions.

 When to use negative questions.

Additional Exercises 4
Agenda

 Learning Objectives

 Example Set A for where to put the subject.

 Example Set B for where to use do/does.

 Example Set C for the position of prepositions.

 Example Set D for negative questions.

Additional Exercises 5
Example Set A
Where to put the subject

In questions we usually put the subject after the first verb:

Subject + verb verb + subject


Tom will will Tom?  Will Tom be here tomorrow?
You have have you?  Have you been working hard?
The house was was the house?  When was the house built?

 Remember that the subject comes after the first verb:

 Is Catherine working today? (not Is working Catherine)

Additional Exercises 6
Agenda
 Learning Objectives

 Example Set A for where to put the subject.

 Example Set B for where to use do/does.

 Example Set C for the position of prepositions.

 Example Set D for negative questions.

Additional Exercises 7
Example Set B – Where to use do/does.

In present simple questions, we use do/does:

You live do you live? Do you live near here?


The film begins does the film begin?  What time does the film begin?

In past simple questions, we use did:

You sold did you sell?  Did you sell your car?
The train stopped did the train stop?  Why did the train stop?

Additional Exercises 8
Continue…
But do not use do/does/did if who /what etc. is the subject of the sentence.
Compare:

Who object who subject

Emma telephoned somebody. Somebody telephoned Emma.

Object subject

Who did Emma telephone? Who telephoned Emma?

Additional Exercises 9
Continue…

In these examples, who/what etc. is the subject:

 Who wants something to eat? (not Who does want)

 What happened to you last night? (not What did happen)

 How many people came to the meeting? (not did come)

 Which bus goes to the centre? (not does go)

Additional Exercises 10
Agenda

 Learning Objectives

 Example Set A for where to put the subject.

 Example Set B for where to use do/does.

 Example Set C for the position of prepositions.

 Example Set D for negative questions.

Additional Exercises 11
Example Set C

Note the position of prepositions in questions beginning

Who/What/Which/Where…….?:

 Who do you want to speak to?

 What was the weather like yesterday?

 Which job has Ann applied for?

 Where are from?

Additional Exercises 12
Agenda
 Learning Objectives

 Example Set A for where to put the subject.

 Example Set B for where to use do/does.

 Example Set C for the position of prepositions.

 Example Set D for negative questions.

Additional Exercises 13
Example Set D

Isn’t it……? /Didn’t you …? etc. (negative questions)

We use negative questions especially to show surprise:

 Didn’t you hear the doorbell? I rang it three times.

Or when expect the listener to agree with us:

 ‘Haven’t we met somewhere before?’ ‘Yes, I think we have.’

Additional Exercises 14
Continue…

Note the meaning of yes and no in answers to negative questions:

Yes. (=Yes, I want to go).


 Don’t you want go to the party?
No. (=No, I don’t want to go)

Note the word order in negative questions beginning Why…..?:

 Why don’t we go out for a meal tonight? (not Why we don’t go)

 Why wasn’t Mary at work yesterday? (not Why Mary wasn’t)

Additional Exercises 15
Summary

 Learning Objectives

 Example Set A for where to put the subject.

 Example Set B for where to use do/does.

 Example Set C for the position of prepositions.

 Example Set D for negative questions.

Additional Exercises 16

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