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Mobile Service Seminar

4G Round Table State of affairs and identifiable options for 4G

IDATE Contact Pierre CARBONNE +33 (0)4 67 14 44 65 p.carbonne@idate.org

29th IDATE International Conference

3G+, 3.9G or 4G?

4G is a general term referring to systems beyond 3.9G

Following the ITU terminology, IDATE assume 4G technologies will be gathered under the IMT-Advanced umbrella

We propose the following roadmap for 4G developments:

4G still in research status but first elements are already there: LTE, UMB, 802.16m first releases in 2009. Detailed IMT-Advanced specifications by 2009 Commercial IMT-Advanced networks are generally expected from 2012 / 2015

29th IDATE International Conference

Technical Requirements Competition among access technologies

Source: IDATE

But at least, 3 competing standards are expected to be candidate for IMT-Advanced approval:

3GPP LTE 3GPP2 UMB IEEE 802.16m TD-SCDMA evolution?

Strong European position on standardization and spectrum allocation would strengthen European industry

29th IDATE International Conference

Longer term developments: network architecture, SDR and CR

Longer term approaches to future mobile networks consider disruptive technical features

Cognitive Radio: dynamic spectrum access Software defined radio: remote software upgrades at terminal and network levels Mesh networks with multi hop relays capabilities

The roadmap of these approaches could differ from IMT-Advanced agenda

SDR. Many experiments. Platforms capable to connect into WLAN (802.11) or UMTS (W-CDMA) networks, or to act as HDTV receiver. Wired remote upgrade in base stations from 2007. Mesh networks. Many experiments. SDR: Soft upgrades for mobile devices from 2011. Multiplication of standards in mobile devices (GPS, WiMAX, 3G, WiFi). SDR and Cognitive radio : Full dynamic spectrum allocation from 2015 / 2020.

2002 2003








2011 2012





Source: IDATE

Cognitive radio: Smarter cognitive radios techniques from 2010. (DECT already available )

Will the evolution towards 4G be incremental or revolutionary?


29th IDATE International Conference

4G will allow fully ubiquitous services

The consensus is that users should have access to broadband internet wherever and whenever they want through a wide range of terminals.
4G at the crossroad of Internet protocol, mobility and broadband. Convergence is happening at three different levels.

Source: Samsung

29th IDATE International Conference

Key enabler: radio spectrum requirements

Wider bandwidth

Peak data rates and channels for 3G and B3G technologies

Data rates increase OFDMA performance improved with wider channels Up to 100 MHz channels to deliver expected bit rates

Source: IDATE

Between 500 MHz and 1 GHz of additional radio spectrum for mobile services below 5GHz

WRC 07: IMT-Advanced candidate bands

What came out of the WRC 07?


29th IDATE International Conference

Operators criteria of choice for future access technologies

When deploying new mobile infrastructures, operators could decide to switch to another technological path:

Examples of migration from CDMA/EVDO to HSPA/LTE Greenfield deployment of new access technologies

Operators main criteria for technology selection:

Deployments heritage System performances Ecosystem and roaming capabilities Open standard / open interfaces IPR policy Radio spectrum availability and licenses conditions Structure of the mobile services market CAPEX and OPEX

There is a gap between operators expectations and vendors propositions

Agreement needed between operators and vendors on roadmaps, IPR, spectrum allocation?

29th IDATE International Conference

Business models meltdown

4G will reinforce the disruptive trends observed with latest 3G evolutions:

Mobile Internet: full browsing and peer to peer dominated ecosystem Vs. walled garden strategies Accelerated trend towards voice commoditization Improve business conditions for data offerings: lower cost per bit carried

Will the future system be able to deliver expected bit rates and costs

Source: Nokia Siemens Network

29th IDATE International Conference

Business models meltdown: no rush for 4G

Financial and competitive issues could slow adoption of future mobile technologies by mobile operators:

Mobile operators want to avoid 3G failures:

High prices for spectrum licenses Slow take off of customer adoption

Uncertainties about business models are weighing on operators strategies:

Defensive approaches to future developments

Mobile operators are facing increased competition: fixed operators, service providers, devices vendors Mobile operators tend to slow the pace of investments in network infrastructures

When do you expect 4G deployments?


29th IDATE International Conference

Questions to panelists


Do we need a European position on standardization and spectrum allocation? What came out of the WRC 07?

Ecosystem _ positioning of operators and equipment vendors

Is there a gap between operators expectations and vendors propositions? Do they need to agree on roadmaps, IPR, spectrum allocation?


Will the evolution towards 4G be incremental or revolutionary? When do you expect 4G deployments?

Business conditions

Will the future system be able to deliver expected bit rates and costs?