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Pathology Revision

2011 Click to edit Master subtitle style

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White Spot Lesion


Causes: Click to edit Master subtitle style Caries Enamel Hyperplasia Fluorosis Ameliogenisis Imperfecta 5/1/12

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Dentinogenisis Imperfecta
Signs: Click to edit Master subtitle style Brown, stained enamel Blue/black enamel

Risk of Osteogenisis Imperfecta, likely to be fine 5/1/12

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Tetracycline Stain
Appearance: Click to edit Master subtitle style Stained enamel

Caused by ingestion of tetracycline during development of teeth 5/1/12

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Amelogenisis
Appearance: Click to edit Master subtitle style Dentine is weak Enamel wears down Dentine fast to wear due to weakness 5/1/12

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Dentinogenisis Imperfacta
Click to edit Master subtitle style Blue/ Grey Enamel Translucent

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Enamel Hypoplasia
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Focal Enamel Hypoplasia


Click to edit Master subtitle is also know as Turners tooth. Focal enamel hypoplasia style Usually affects a SINGLE tooth Caused by trauma or infection during development Multiple restorations before crowning tooth Tooth mousse, fluoride, temp GICs till age when crown can be placed

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Enamel Hypoplasia
Click to edit Master subtitle style Missing, malformed enamel Enamel missing from the incisal edges Infections of teeth above Trauma to deciduous anterior trauma to decidous teeth

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Enamel Pearl
Click to edit Master subtitle on root surface Round, pearl like growth style Can be confused with calculus (differential diagnosis) Can cause bone loss as bone will not form with-in (?mm) of enamel

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Erosion
Click to editglassy, buccal enamel surfaces Smooth, Master subtitle style Caused by dry mouth Ring barking caries Poor quality saliva

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Erythema Multiforme
Click to ulcerated, irregular, style Red, edit Master subtitle allergic reaction Common in children Allergy to drugs Smost severe- steven johnson syndrome

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Exostosis
Click to edit Master subtitle maxillary Appear on mandible and style Attrition Abrasion Erosion

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External Root Resorption


Click to editand re-implantation Evulsion Master subtitle style Ortho Trauma

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Fissured Tongue
Click to dry, glossitissubtitle style Red, edit Master Dry mouth (Sjrogrens)

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Fordyce Granules
Click to edit Master subtitle style Buccal tissues

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Geographic Tongue
Click to edit Master subtitle style Moves around

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Gingival Hyperplasia
Click to edit Master subtitle style Drug Induced Calcium channel blockers (BP meds) Phenytonin (anti-seizure meds) Cyclosporin (immunosuppressants) Hereditary/ Genetics Hormones

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Glossitis
Click to edit Masterthe tongue Inflammation of subtitle style Smooth, shiny, red surface of tongue Caused by iron deficiency (B12) Angular chelitis

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Internal Root Resorption


Click tocolor Master subtitle style enamel Pink edit glowing through the Restoration

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Linea Gingival Erythemea


Click to edit Master subtitle style HIV

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Plaque Induced Gingivitis


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Carpsies Sarcoma
Click to blue/purple area Dark edit Master subtitle style

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Hermongioma (birth mark)


Click to edit Master subtitle style Vascular Should blanch if pressed Bruise (haemotoma)

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Herpetic Whitlow
Click to edit Master subtitle style Type 1 herpes simplex Finger

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Candidiasis
Click toplaque on white base Red edit Master subtitle style Symptoms: burning sensation in mouth, halitiosis Can wipe off Loose dentures, immunosupressed, xerostomic

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Hyper-keratosis
Click to edit Mastermore keratinised Tissues become subtitle style Caused by trauma, smoking, ill fitting dentures, extractions sites (smoking during healing)

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Denture Stomatitis
Click to edit Master subtitle style Lingular inflammation

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Leukoplakia
Click to edit Master the tongue, floor of mouth Lateral border of subtitle style Asymptomatic HIV patients Smokers Heavy alcohol drinkers Risk factor or squamous cell carcinoma 5/1/12 Remove symptoms and it can resolve

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Liken Planus
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Primordal Cyst
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Staphnies Cyst
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Tori
Click to edit Master subtitle style Palatal Lingual Buccal (exostosis)

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Pyogenic Granuloma
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Lingual Variscosities
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Swollen Lymph Node


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Linea Alba
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Microdontia
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Nutrient Canals
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Papiloma/Veruca Volgaris
Click to edit Master subtitle style Wort Benign Slow growing Papillary projections, cauliflower-like surface

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