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DEPARMENTOF TECHNICALEDUCATION

ANDHRAPRADESH
Name : N.Sanjeeva Rao
Designation : Lecturer
Branch : Applied Electronics & instrumentation
Engg
Institute : Govt. polytechnic for women, srikakulam
Year/Semester : 1V Semester
Subject : Process Instrumentation –II
Sub. Code : AEI-405,
Topic : Flow Measurement
Duration : 50mts
Sub- Topic : introduction of orifice
Teaching Aids : PPT, Animations, photographs
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Objectives

Upon completion of this topic you will be able to


• Orifice plate
– Its definition
– Its classification

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Definition.
The orifice plate is basically a thin metal plate

with circular opening

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Classification of Orifice plate

• Concentric

• Eccentric

• Segmental

• The concentric type is by far the most widely used.

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Concentric Type

• It consists of a central hole in a metal plate

concentric with the circumference of the plate.

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Concentric Type

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Eccentric Type Plate

Hole down side


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Segmental Type Plate

Segment hole AEI405.23 11


The materials used for construction of
orifice plates are

• Mild steel

• Stain less steel

• Phosphor bronze

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• The orifice meter is most common type of head
type flow measuring device for medium and large
pipe sizes.

• The office plate inserted in a pipe line causes an


increase in the flow velocity and a corresponding
decrease in pressure.

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Fig-b

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Working

• The flow pattern shows an effective decrease in the


cross-section of the flow beyond the orifice plate with
maximum velocity and minimum pressure
• The particular position where the velocity is maximum
and static pressure is minimum is called vena
contracta

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Functioning of orifice plate

• An orifice plate installed in a pipeline creates a


pressure differential as the fluid flows through it

• This differential pressure is proportional to the


rate of flow

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Merits of orifice plate

• They offer low cost over other types of flow meters

• Especially in a large line sizes and have proved to


be rugged ,effective and reliable over many years
• It has low installation cost and a turn down of not
more than 4 : 1

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Summary

We have discussed about


• Various types of Orifice plates

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Quiz

1. Orifice works on the principle of

b) Differential pressure

c) Differential velocity

d) Differential density

e) None

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Frequently Asked Questions

• 1)define the orifice plate.

• 2)classify the orifice plate.

• 3)sketch orifice plates.

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