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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL

EDUCATION ANDHRA PRADESH


Name : G MADHU BABU, L/CM (DCCP)
Designation : Lecturer in Computers
Branch : DCCP
Institute : Govt. Poly. For Women, Nellore.
Year/Semester : First year
Subject : Computer Fundamentals
Subject Code : CCP-105
Topic : Windows operating system
Duration : 50 Mins.
Sub Topic : Files and Folders
Teaching Aids : Ppt, animations, drawings

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Objective

On completion of this period, you would be able to


know :
• How to create Folders
• Selection of Files and Folders

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Recap

 MS DOS is a character based operating system


 In DOS we learn about the creation of Files and Directories
 Remember the commands COPY, MKDIR/MD , RMDIR/RD

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You may have seen any Library
 Normally Library consists of different racks/Almirahs
 Each Rack may have Sub Racks and some Books
 Did you notice that one shelf contains same subject books
 Computer stores files on its storage devices
 Its storage devices are Disks, CDROM, etc,
 Computer stores files containing data of program on disk
in Folders/sub folders
 Folders/Sub Folders are used for grouping of Files

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Files and Folders
 DOS Directory is nothing but a Folder in Windows
 Folder is a part of secondary storage disk, which
contains files and sub Folders
 Examples:
Drives (C:)

Directories or Folders Directories or Folders Directories or Folders


Files Files Files

Sub-Folders Sub-Folders Sub-Folders


Files Files Files
Organization of files

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Creation of Folders

We can create a Folder in different ways,


The most common way is :
 Move to the location where you want to create Folder
using Explorer or My Computer
 Right click the Mouse and reach “New” option
 In that sub menu appears, select the “Folder”
 New folder will be created with temporary name
 Enter the new name and press enter key
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Folder creation using My Computer
1. Using My Computer reach one area in c: drive
2. Use Mouse Right Click, in short cut menu choose
“New”
3. Select Folder
4. Folder with temporary name created, enter new name

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Folder creation using My Computer
1 3
4 2

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Another Way For Folder Creation
 Reach a location using My Computer or Explorer
 Use the New option from File menu in that Window
 Select the Folder option
 The new folder with temporary name will be created
 Enter new name

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Folder creation from File Menu
1

1. After clicking File menu option choose New


2. Select the Folder option in sub menu
3. The Folder with temporary name created
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Selecting Files/Folders
1.To select single file or folder:
 First reach the place where you want to select the
file/folder
 Click the file/ folder
2.To select more files or folders:
 Use the ctrl button + Other file/folder to select two or more
non-contiguous files
3.To select two or more contiguous file:
 Click a file
 Pressing down shift key, click another file
 All the files from the first to last file can be selected
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1. See the single selection
2. See the multiple selection

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SUMMARY
 Folder is a part of secondary storage devices
 It consists of sub folders and files
 Creating a Folder
 Selecting files and folders

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Quiz
1.______ option in file menu helps in creation of folders.
b) Fresh
c) New
d) Folder
e) File
2.To select contiguous file, _____key need to be processed
down.
Shift key

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Assignment
1. Create a set of folders within folders.
2. Show different methods of selection of files and folders.

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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

 Explain various methods to create a Folder?


 How can you select the files or Folders?

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