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# DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Name of the Staff Member :P. MADHAVI
Designation :Lecturer
Branch :DCCP
Institute :Govt. Polytechnic, NELLORE
Year/Semester :III Semester
Subject :Quantitative Techniques-I
Sub. Code :CCP-303
Topic :Tabulation and Frequency
distribution, Graphical
representation of data
Duration :50 Mts.
Sub Topic : Need for Classification of data
Teaching Aids :Animations
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Objectives :
On completion of this period, you would be
able to:

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Classification :

and categories

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Definition :

##  “ Classification is the process of arranging data

into sequences and groups according to their
common characteristics, or separating them into
different but related parts”

……. Secrist

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Classification – need/objectives :

## 3) Bring out the relationships between variables

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Classification – need/objective contd:

## 4) Filter unnecessary details from large data

and do tabulation

## 6) Makes comparative study

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Rules for classification :
 Classification must be exhaustive

 Mutually exclusive

 Stable mode

##  Each class has homogeneous items

 Be flexible

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TYPES OF CLASSIFCATION

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Data classification - Basis :
 Geographical Classification

 Chronological Classification

 Qualitative Classification

 Quantitative Classification

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1) Geographical Classification:

##  If political boundaries are taken as basis, it is

done by States, districts, taluks etc

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Example1
The following the statement showing the rate of
cement per bag(50 Kgs.) in different cities of Andhra

## Table No.1 (In Rupees)

Sl. City X Y Z A
No
1. Vizayanagaram 180 220 190 200
2. Vijayawada 200 210 200 205
3. Hyderabad 190 200 210 220

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2) Chronological Classification:
 If time of happening (occurrence) is the
basis, it is called “chronological
classification”

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Example2
Following data is relating to a Company from 2000 to
2004

## Table No.2 (Sales in 1000s)

Year Q1 Q2 Q3

2000 15 18 20

2001 21 24 27

2002 20 22 24

2003 21 25 27

2004 25 27 30

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3) Qualitative Classification:
 This is done by character or attribute of
subject-matter

## Eg: Classification by literacy, sex, religion,

marital status, etc. comes under this.

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Example 3

Table No.3

X 100 A+
Y 98 A+
Z 70 C
P 80 B
Q 90 A
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4) Quantitative Classification:
 This classification is based on the
magnitude of the variables

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Summary
Classification aims at simple presentation of
complex data it is divided into
1. Geographical
2. Chronological
3. Qualitative
4. Quantitative

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Would you like to raise
any doubts …

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Quiz
1. Classification is the process of
arranging data in :

## (b) Different rows

(c) Different columns
(d) Different classes
(e) Different homogeneous groups

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2. Classification according the age is :

## (b) Geographical Classification

(c) Chronological Classification
(d) Qualitative Classification
(e) Quantitative Classification

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