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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRA PRADESH

Name of the staff : K.S.SUNANDA


Designation : Lecturer in E.C.E.
Institute : G.M.R. Polytechnic., Srisailam
Semester : I-Year
Subject : Electronic Components and Devices
Subject Code : EC-105
Topic : Switches and Relays
Duration : 50 Min
Sub topic : Relays
Teaching aids : Diagrams

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OBJECTIVES

• The student will be able to understand

• Solid state relay.

• Hybrid relay.

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RECAP
• Define a Relay

• Classification-

- Principle
- Polarization
- Application

• Appreciate the function of the Relay.

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SOLID STATE RELAY

Fig. 1
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Principle

• Operates on electronic device- triac.

• Triac triggered by light activated diode-phototransistor.

• Triac acts as ON-OFF switch.

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Working

• Not a relay at all. No relay present, electronics does the


switching.

• Use a low voltage to switch a higher voltage..

• No dc voltage present, phototransistor OFF ,

• No current passed in the circuit

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Working.,

• Transistor BC547 ON, collector voltage low, gate of


thyristor TIC106M OFF, triac OFF.

• Input voltage of 5 volt applied phototransistor ON.

• BC547 transistor OFF, collector voltage HIGH, activates


thyristor triggering triac.

• Triac acts as ON-OFF switch.

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APPLICATIONS

• Used as isolators and provide high isolation .

• Switching on AC voltages or mains supply.

• Used in data acquistion systems such as micro computers.

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HYBRID RELAY

Fig. 2
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Solid state relay

Fig 3

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PRINCIPLE

• Operates on the principle of Solid state and


Electromagnetic relay.

• Phototransistor activates the triac, current flows into the


coil.

• Magnetic field developed, attracting the armature


upwards.

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WORKING

• Low DC voltage applied, phototransistor OFF triac OFF.

• Required DC voltage reaches phototransistor ON


activating triac.

• Triac allows current to pass through the coil.

• Magnetic field developed.

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WORKING. ,
• Armature gets attracted upwards.

• Plunger attached to armature is lifted up.

• Valve opens. Fluid passes through the valve.

• When DC voltage is low phototransistor OFF, triac


OFF.

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WORKING.,

• No current passes through the coil.

• No magnetic force to hold the armature in lifted position.

• Valve closes.

• Armature moves downwards, thus blocking the passage


of fluid flow .

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APPLICATIONS

• Pneumatic circuits.

• Telephone relay.

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SUMMARY

• We have discussed about

• Solid state relay.

• Hybrid relay.

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QUIZ

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1. The device used in solid state relay is

a. Diac

b. Diode

c. Triac

d. Transistor

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2. Hybrid relay uses

a. Electro thermal relay

b. Reed relay

c. Solid state and electromagnetic relay

d. Slugged relay

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Frequently asked questions

1) List the parts in solid state relay.

2) List the parts in hybrid relay.

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Frequently asked questions

1) Explain the working of solid state relay ?

2) Explain the working of Hybrid relay ?

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