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# Department of Technical Education

Name : R.Rama Rao
Designation : Lecturer.
Branch : Electronics & Communication Engineering.
Institute : Govt. Polytechnic (w), Bheemunipatnam,
Visakhapatnam Dist.
Year/Semester : Third Semester.
Subject : Electronics circuits-1
Subject Code : E.C-302
Topic : Transistor Amplifiers.
Duration : 50min.
Sub-Topic : Collector - to – Base Bias
Teaching Aid : Diagrams
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OBJECTIVES

## On completion of this period you would be able to

understand
• The circuit arrangement of collector – Base biasing

circuit
• It’s working
• Circuit analysis
• Calculation of stability factor.

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RECAP

## Earlier we have studied

• The circuit arrangement of fixed bias
• Working of fixed bias
• Circuit analysis of fixed bias
• Calculation of stability factor
• Problems
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COLLECTOR-TO-BASE BIASING

## Fig 1 Collector to base bias circuit

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The circuit arrangement is as follows

## collector terminal instead of supply VCC.

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• Collector - To - Base bias derives the name from the fact

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OPERATION

## decreases due to large voltage drop across RC

• IB = (VCE –VBE)/RB

## • Hence base current IB is reduced.

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• The reduced base current IB in turn reduces the original

## • Thus circuit has mechanism to stabilize collector current

IC automatically.

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CIRCUIT ANALYSIS
Applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the input circuit

## • IB (RB +RC) = VCC-VBE – ICRC

RC I C 
• RB = (VCC-VBE-ICRC –  ) IC

## • RC = (VCC - VBE - IC RC)  - RC

IC
• where β= IC/ IB

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Applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law to the output circuit

## • RC = (VCC – VCE)/ (IC (1/β+1)

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CALCULATION OF STABILITY FACTOR

## • IB = IC / β = VCC - VBE- ICRC / (RB+RC)

• VBE is independent of IC

## • Stability factor ‘S’ = (1+β) / (1+(β x RC)/(RB+RC))

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• The stability factor will be less than (1+ β).

## • This method provides improved stability when compared

to fixed bias circuit.

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• This circuit has the tendency to stabilize the operating
point against temperature and β variations.

## • Base resistor RB provides dc feedback for stabilization of

the operating point.

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• Stabilization factor S= 1+β / (1+(β x Rc) / (RB+Rc))

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• It is simple

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## • As a result of AC feedback voltage gain of the amplifier

is reduced.
• Because of low voltage gain offered this type of amplifier
is not much used.

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SUMMARY

## • RB provides negative feedback to stabilize IC against

temperature changes,etc.

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QUIZ

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• When IC increases ,VCE decreases due to

## D) More current through RC

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• Base resistor RB provides

A) Amplification

C) Stabilization

E) Regulation

D) Rectification

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