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DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

ANDHRA PRADESH
Name of the faculty : G.SRINIVASU
Designation : Sr.Lecturer
Branch : Electronics and Communications Engg.
Institute : Govt.Polytechnic for
Women(minorities)
L.B.Nagar,Hyderabad
Semester : Third
Subject : Circuit theory(EC303)
Topic : Mesh current and node voltage
analysis
Duration : 50 MIN
Sub topic : mesh analysis in a network with
independent sources.
Teaching aids : Diagrams

EC303.26 1
OBJECTIVES

On completion of this period, you would be able to

• solve for mesh current equations for the

given network having independent sources

EC303.26 2
EXAMPLE 1

Mesh analysis in a network with independent source

mesh1 mesh2 mesh3

fig1

This network contains a current source in mesh2.

so mesh current I2 = Is = 2A.

EC303.26 3
KVL for mesh1 is

Vs1 = ( 2+4 )I1 - 4 I2 - 0( I3 )

(or) 10 = 6 I1 – 8

(or) I1 = 3 A.

KVL for mesh3 is

Vs2 = ( 0 )I1 - 3 I2 + (3+2) I3

(or) I3 = 2.8 A.

EC303.26 4
EXAMPLE 2

Using mesh analysis , determine the current in the network


shown below.

fig2

This circuit contains 4A current source in parallel


with 0.5 ohms resistance.

EC303.26 5
By source transformation

converted as

EC303.26 6
Then the circuit becomes

Assuming I1,I2,I3 as the


mesh currents as in the figure

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KVL for mesh1:

I1 (0.5)+(I1+I3)1+(I1-I2)+2-2 =0

(or) 2.5 I1 - 0.5 I2 + I3 = 0 ---- (1)


mesh3
KVL for mesh2:
mesh1 mesh2

0.5(I2-I1)+1(I2+I3)+1(I2)-2 = 0

(or)-0.5 I1 + 2.5 I2 + I3 = 2 ----- (2)

KVL for mesh3:


2I3+1(I1+I3)+1(I2+I3) = 0

(or) I1 + I2 +4 I3 = 2 ----- (3)

EC303.26 8
In matrix form

I1 0
2.5 -0.5 1
= 2
-0.5 2.5 1 I2
0
1 1 4 I3

i.e. Z I = V

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Where 2.5 -0.5 1

-0.5 2.5 1
Z =
1 1 4

I1

I = I2

I3

2
V=
0

EC303.26 10
To get current I , we have to solve for I1,I2 as current i = I1+I2.

0 -0.5 1
By using crammers' rule
2 2.5 1

0 1 4
I1 =
2.5 -0.5 1

-0.5 2.5 1

1 1 4

= 6 = 0.33 A
18

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0 -0.5 1

2 2.5 1

0 1 4
I2 = = - 0.33 A
2.5 -0.5 1

-0.5 2.5 1

1 1 4

Then i = I1+I2 = 0

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EXAMPLE3

Find current through the inductor in the network


shown below using mesh current analysis.

fig3

Let I1, I2, I3 be the currents flowing in the mesh1, mesh2,


and mesh3 respectively.

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In mesh1 : current I1 = 5 amp. ------ (1)

------- (2)

KVL for mesh2 : -4 I1 +(4+j3) I2 + j2 I3 = 0 ------- (3)

Substituting the value of I1 and I3 from (1) and (2) in (3)

We will get

Or I2 = 3.056 – j 3.591

EC303.26 14
SUMMARY

We have discussed about

• Mesh analysis in a network with independent


sources

EC303.21 15
ASSIGNMENT
Determine the mesh currents of the
circuit shown in the figure.

fig5
EC303.26 16
Quiz
• Connect Four 16 ohms Resistors to give
16 ohms equivalent resistance

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