You are on page 1of 17

# DEPARTMENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Name of the faculty : G.SRINIVASU
Designation : Sr.Lecturer
Branch : Electronics and Communications Engg.
Institute : Govt.Polytechnic for
Women(minorities)
Semester : Third
Subject : Circuit theory(EC303)
Topic : Mesh current and node voltage
analysis
Duration : 50 MIN
Sub topic : mesh analysis in a network with
independent sources.
Teaching aids : Diagrams

EC303.26 1
OBJECTIVES

EC303.26 2
EXAMPLE 1

fig1

EC303.26 3
KVL for mesh1 is

## Vs1 = ( 2+4 )I1 - 4 I2 - 0( I3 )

(or) 10 = 6 I1 – 8

(or) I1 = 3 A.

(or) I3 = 2.8 A.

EC303.26 4
EXAMPLE 2

shown below.

fig2

## This circuit contains 4A current source in parallel

with 0.5 ohms resistance.

EC303.26 5
By source transformation

converted as

EC303.26 6
Then the circuit becomes

## Assuming I1,I2,I3 as the

mesh currents as in the figure

EC303.26 7
KVL for mesh1:

I1 (0.5)+(I1+I3)1+(I1-I2)+2-2 =0

## (or) 2.5 I1 - 0.5 I2 + I3 = 0 ---- (1)

mesh3
KVL for mesh2:
mesh1 mesh2

0.5(I2-I1)+1(I2+I3)+1(I2)-2 = 0

## KVL for mesh3:

2I3+1(I1+I3)+1(I2+I3) = 0

## (or) I1 + I2 +4 I3 = 2 ----- (3)

EC303.26 8
In matrix form

I1 0
2.5 -0.5 1
= 2
-0.5 2.5 1 I2
0
1 1 4 I3

i.e. Z I = V

EC303.26 9
Where 2.5 -0.5 1

-0.5 2.5 1
Z =
1 1 4

I1

I = I2

I3

2
V=
0

EC303.26 10
To get current I , we have to solve for I1,I2 as current i = I1+I2.

0 -0.5 1
By using crammers' rule
2 2.5 1

0 1 4
I1 =
2.5 -0.5 1

-0.5 2.5 1

1 1 4

= 6 = 0.33 A
18

EC303.26 11
0 -0.5 1

2 2.5 1

0 1 4
I2 = = - 0.33 A
2.5 -0.5 1

-0.5 2.5 1

1 1 4

Then i = I1+I2 = 0

EC303.26 12
EXAMPLE3

## Find current through the inductor in the network

shown below using mesh current analysis.

fig3

## Let I1, I2, I3 be the currents flowing in the mesh1, mesh2,

and mesh3 respectively.

EC303.26 13
In mesh1 : current I1 = 5 amp. ------ (1)

------- (2)

## Substituting the value of I1 and I3 from (1) and (2) in (3)

We will get

Or I2 = 3.056 – j 3.591

EC303.26 14
SUMMARY

## • Mesh analysis in a network with independent

sources

EC303.21 15
ASSIGNMENT
Determine the mesh currents of the
circuit shown in the figure.

fig5
EC303.26 16
Quiz
• Connect Four 16 ohms Resistors to give
16 ohms equivalent resistance

EC303.26 17