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ILOCOS MINING SITUATIONER

"I brought you into a fertile land to eat its fruit and rich produce. But you came and Click my Master subtitle made my defiled to editland and you style inheritance detestable." (Jeremiah 2:7)

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MINING DEFINED
The process or business of extracting valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, from an ore body, vein or seam (coal). The term also includes the removal In a wider sense comprises of soil. extraction of any non-renewable resources.

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MINING: A BASIC INDUSTRY


Serves as foundation for many sectors of economic development (downstream industries):

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MINING: A BASIC INDUSTRY


Serves as foundation for many sectors of economic development (downstream industries):

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MINING: A BASIC INDUSTRY


Serves as foundation for many sectors of economic development (downstream industries):

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PHILIPPINE MINERALS AND MINING PROFILE


GOLD COPPER NICKEL

THIRD

FOURTH

FIFTH

The estimated levels of metallic and non-metallic mineral reserves stood at 7 billion metric tons and 50 billion metric tons, respectively. The country's refractory chromite resource in Zambales is one of the (US largest in the world. (National Statistic Coordinating Geographical Survey)5/2/12 Board)

$840 Billion to $1 Trillion worth of mineral resources

PHILIPPINE MINING POLICIES


REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7942 (PHILIPPINE MINING ACT OF 1995) AN ACT INSTITUTING A NEW SYSTEM OF MINERAL RESOURCES EXPLORATION, DEVELOPMENT, UTILIZATION AND CONSERVATION
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Exploration Permit (EP) 2 years/renewable up to 8 years -Grants exclusive right to explore and eventually enter into Mineral Agreement or Financial or Technical Assistance Agreement Mineral Processing & Sharing Agreement (MA) 25 years & renewable for 25 years -Three (3) modes: Mineral Production Sharing; Co-Production and Joint Venture; Grants exclusive rights to explore, develop and utilize minerals Financial or Technical Assistance Agreement (FTAA) 5/2/12 25 years/renewable for 25 years. It involves large-

PHILIPPINE MINING POLICIES PHILIPPINE MINING ACT OF 1995 Significantly relaxed the constitutional restrictions of foreign owned corporation and provided the same substantive rights, privileges and incentives acorded to Filipino citizens. NATIONAL MINERALS POLICY (Executive Order 270) Completed the liberalization of the mining industry by revising or supplementing all policies which run counter to RA7942 to make it inferior and/or compliant to the provisions of RA7942.
5/2/12 COMMITTEE ON MINING SECURITY &

PNoy on mining industry


Aquino had signaled that further

liberalizing the countrys mining industry to generate more revenues was a top economic priority.
PNoys economic target is to double

foreign investment in mining ($2.8B) in 2011.

He also vowed to guide the mining

industry by protecting the investments of mining companies.


Continued support for the Investment

Defense Force (IDF) Last October, he ordered further recruitment of paramilitary forces and their deployment in mining areas.5/2/12

Mines & Geosciences Bureau MINING INDUSTRY STATISTICS 23 September 2011

From 545 approved mining agreements in 2009, we now have 730 approved mining projects, as of Sept 2011. Around 1,042,531 hectares from the total land area of the country is now covered by mining permits.
GROSS PRODUCTION VALUE IN MINING P63.9B TOTAL TAXES, FEES & ROYALTIES FROM MINING P393.9M MINING CONTRIBUTION TO GDP 1.20 % MINING CONTRIBUTION TO EMPLOYMENT 0.60 %
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The government see the ecosystem as potential source of profits both for the national and foreign elites rather than homes of various kinds of communities as well as investments for future generations.

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ONGOING MINING APPLICATIONS AND OPERATIONS IN THE OFFSHORE & ONSHORE AREAS OF ILOCOS REGION
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Strategically located in

R e g io n 1

East Asia given its geographic proximity to some of the dynamic economies of Asia such as Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and Southern China. Its coastline runs along the international sea lanes of the South China Sea Less than an hour flight from Hongkong, Taiwan and South China Easy access through the Laoag International 5/2/12 Airport (and DMIA)

TYPES OF MINERAL DEPOSITES IN ILOCOS REGION

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EXPLORATION PERMIT: q 20 EXPA in the areas of Bacarra, Badoc, Batac, Burgos, Currimao. Dingras, Espiritu, Marcos, Nueva Era, Dumalneg, Paoay, Pasuquin, Pinili & Vintar q Total Land Area: 32,276.90 has. MINERAL PRODUCTION SHARING AGREEMENT: UNDER PROCESS q 13 APSA in the areas of Bacarra, Bangui, Burgos, Carasi, Currimao, Laoag City, Pagudpud, Paoay, Pasuquin, Piddig, Vintar q Total Land Area: 19,749.94 Source: MGB website as of May 31, 2011

21 municipalities are
affected or covered with mining application

ILOCOS NORTE
applied for mining 5/2/12 denied or rejected

26 municipalities
are affected or covered with mining applications.

ILOCOS SUR
applied for mining

EXPLORATION PERMIT: q 11 EXPA in the areas of Alilem, Bantay, Cabugao, Candon City, Caoayan, Magsingal, Narvacan, Quirino, San Esteban, San Ildefonso, San Juan, San Vicente, Santa, Santiago, Sinait, Sta. Catalina, Sta. Cruz, Sta. Lucia, Sta. Maria, Sto. Domingo, Tagudin, Vigan City q Total Land Area: 15,062.69++ MINERAL PRODUCTION SHARING AGREEMENT: UNDER PROCESS q 3 APSA in the areas of Bantay, Narvacan, Santa, Sta. Maria, Sto.Domingo and Tagudin q Total Land Area: 5,393.5769++ 5/2/12 FINANCIAL TECHNICAL

EXPLORATION PERMIT:
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7 EXPA in the areas of Agoo, Aringay, Bacnotan, Balaoan, Bangar, Bauang, Caba, Luna, Rosario, San Fernando, San Juan, Santo Tomas, Santol, Sudipen Total Land Area: 4,258.83++ has

16 municipalities
are affected or covered with mining applications.

MINERAL PRODUCTION SHARING AGREEMENT: UNDER PROCESS


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3 APSA in the areas of Agoo, Aringay, Bangar, Sudipen Total Land Area: 850.100 has

COMMODITY:
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Magnetite- Sand, River Aggregates (Industrial Gravel

applied for mining

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LA UNION

MINING FIGURES FOR ILOCOS

Source: MGB website as of May 31,

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OFFSHORE MAGNETITE SAND MINING

OFFSHORE MINING is beyond 500 meters from mean low tide level
According to MGB, from Damortis, La Union to Ilocos Norte, a total area of 38, 203 hectares is set for mining which could yield 3.8 Billion Cubic 5/2/12 Meters of magnetite.

COLLOSAL MINING CORPORATION Holder of 5 individual mining & exploration permits, approximately 80% of offshore magnetite iron ore in Northwestern Luzon. ALTAMINA EXPLORATION & RESOURCES INCORPORATED Issued an FTAA in June 29, 2010 by GMA (FTAA No. 06-2010-1) with 9, 794.99 has
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Magnetite is one of the most common oxide minerals and also one of the most common iron. Iron liberated from the ore is usually used to make steel. It was discovered recently that if you separate 5/2/12 titanium and vanadium from black sand

SEDIMENTS PATHWAY & SOURCES ALONG THE COAST

Erosion occurs when there is a net deficit of sediment supply for the coastline

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When seabed substrates are significantly disturbed, plumes are produced, its composition is altered and entire communities may become eradicated

BENTIC ORGANISMS

PLUM E

BENTIC ZONE

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At least 70-90% of the energy from wind generated waves is absorbed depending on how healthy these ecosystem are and their physical and ecological characteristics UNESCO State of the
World's Ocean Report

Brathwaite, 2006 Coastal Planning for Disaster 5/2/12 Management Seminar, June 30, 2006

EFFECTS OF MINING TO THE ENVIRONMENT

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It causes the degradation of the biophysical environment it destroys biodiversity, pollutes the land, water and atmosphere, which ultimate contributes to climate change. ACID MINE (ROCK)
DRAINAGE Outflow of acidic water usually from abandoned metal or coal mining operations and tailings dam. The same type of chemical reactions and processes may occur through the disturbance ofacid sulfate soil formed under coastal or estuarine 5/2/12 conditions

LEPANTO TAILINGS DAM

NO. OF ABANDONED MINES NO. OF MINING DISASTERS SINCE 1982-2007 21

800

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LAFAYETTE OPERATION IN RAPURAPU, ALBAY

Collapsed Sulphide Dam MARCOPPER (PLACER DOME) IN TVI PACIFIC INC. IN 5/2/12 ZAMBOANGA DEL

LOCAL FAUNA AT RISK

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It damages agriculture , fishery and other livelihoods which imperils food sufficiency and sustainable economy.
Along the 25-kilometer stretch of the Abra river, some 465 hectares of rice land have been washed out.

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ILOCOS REGION FISHERIES SITUATIONER (July 2011 Round) Bureau of Agricultural Statistics 5/2/12 Regional Operational Center Region I

It dislocates settlements and villages, exposes the people to geological and health hazards, and destroys community life especially those of the indigenous peoples.
The report by the United Nations Universitys Institute for Environment and Human Security and the German Alliance Development Works released this year said that the Philippines ranks No. 3 with a 24.32 percent Luneta elementary Poblacion, Mankayan disaster risk. school, Itogon,
Benguet
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MAGNETITE SAND MINING Mining operation contribute to coastal erosion by loosening beach deposits, coastal sediments and removing the heavy magnetite which act as protective coating. Erosion in turn lowers storm berms increasing risk of wave overtopping, flooding and tsunami inundation. And an added factor to salt water intrusion both on land and within the water table.

MAGNETITE MINING 5/2/12 IN CAGAYAN

MAGNETITE SAND MINING


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FILMAG (Philippines) Inc. mining operation along the La Union-Ilocos Sur coast from 1964-1976 yielded a total of 2M metric tons of magnetite sand = 30m retreat with 1m deepening if stretch evenly along the 67 km beaches of La Union. Mining conducted in the offshore of Lingayen Gulf in 1985-1990 which resulted to flooding & reclaiming by the sea of lands especially in Sto. Tomas & Agoo, in La Union. In Brgy. Bacsil, Paoay sand dunes are slowly being leveled exposing the community to tidal surges and flooding destroying some of the crops and shortening the distance between the community and the shoreline.
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In Bacarra 4 barangays like Casilian and nearby

The Tsunami Hazard Maps


Department of Science and Technology- Grant-In-Aid Program (DOST-GIA) in December 2007

A merged plot of the estimated maximum water levels. Coastlines on the western part of Luzon Island facing the earthquake sources are 5/2/12 subject to large maximum water levels of more than 10 meters.

Coordinating Committee for Geosciences Programmes in East and Southeast Asia, 2009

PHIVOLCS declared the Ilocos Region as Tsunami Prone area

Health problems due to land, water and air pollution


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Respiratory diseases and skin infections. Exposure and blood contamination from heavy metals such as lead and arsenic may result to different illness including cancer. Reproductive health problems of women, increased birth mortality and other illnesses.

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Increases human rights violations and cultivates culture of impunity


Tentorio is the seventh anti-mining activist killed in 2011, which is also the 43rd case of an environmental defender killing recorded by Kalikasan PNE since 2001.

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MINING in the country, under the present policies and conditions will bring insufficient benefits to the Filipino people. Foreign companies reap vast profits while the country will be left with very high clean-up cost , an exhausted resources and endless trails of human rights violations.

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PEOPLES RESPONSE

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IN THE DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE COUNTRY:


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In Batangas, representatives from different sectors formed the Bukluran para sa Inang Kalikasan (BUKAL) for a concerted effort against large-scale mining.

IN NORTHERN LUZON:
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The provincial government of Mt. Province issued a resolution reflecting the peoples opposition largescale mining exploration and operations within the province.

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OUR CALL

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