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PROTECTIVE TEXTILES

Presented by,

S.AHAMED MANSOOR

CONTENTS

Bullet proof material. Flame proof material. Water proof material.

Astronauts material.
Anti bacterial finish.

INTRODUCTION

Protective textiles is used to protect our body from any other accidents like natural or artificial. Protection against heat, flame and radiation for fire fighter clothing, against molten metals for welders, for bulletproof jackets etc., all these things are obtained by usage of technical textiles with high performance fibers.

Protective clothing is also used by the astronauts when they go in space. It was used by the astronauts when they went on moon, their suits where covered with special chemicals including lead to protect them from suns heat, their suit not only made from special fibers but their airship was also lined with special fabric.

BULLET PROOF MATERIAL

Bulletproofing is the process of making something capable of stopping a bullet or similar high velocity projectiles e.g. shrapnel. Most of the bullet-proof clothing is manufactured from Kevlar which is a synthetic fibre claimed to be 5 times stronger than steel, by weight. Typically a bullet-proof vest will be made up of between 10 and 30 layers of Kevlar which has formidable stopping power against bullets . In bulletproof jackets, special fiber aramid are used which have high tenacity, high thermal resistance and low shrinkage.

RAW MATERIAL:

FIRE PROOF MATERIAL

Fire retardant fabrics are textiles that are naturally more resistant to fire than others through chemical treatment or manufactured fireproof fibers. Glass fiber is also used in fireproof jackets due to its high strength, chemical and flame resistance. Although all fabrics will burn, some are naturally more resistant to fire than others. Those that are more flammable can have their fire resistance drastically improved by treatment with fire retardant chemicals.

Borax formula:

This method is recommended for "theater scenery fabric, and recommended for rayon and natural fabrics" Mix 6 parts/lbs borax, 5 parts/lbs boric acid, 100 parts/12 gallons water in a large container. Dip the fabric in until completely soaked. Repeat if needed. Allow to dry.

Sodium silicate formula:


This version should only be made wearing gloves, as water glass is caustic on skin and toxic if ingested. Mix 1 Oz water glass (sodium silicate) with 9 Oz water. wash and rinse the fabric then dipping in sodium silicate. Leave to soak and hang to dry.

WATER PROOF MATERIAL


To resist the water and air by

chemical finishing.
Finish is applied by filling the

fabric pores with a filmforming compound or by the applying to individual fibres or fabrics of compounds which repel water and have a high surface tension.
They are usually natural or

synthetic fabrics that are laminated or coated with rubber,PVC,PU, silicone elastomer, and wax.

If the water is touch on the fabric should not going to inside of the fabric and then to falling down or dry In that fabric have a 3 layers of sheet like water proof coated , cushioned foam then base material

FIBRES IN WATER PROOFING

Here, fibres can be used that 100%corban,100%polyester and then blended with coated materials

ASTRONAUTS MATERIAL

A soft plush micro suede which is our most popular and durable fabric. In this fabric have electrical charging for protect ultraviolet radiation.

microgravity, radiation of electrically charged particles from the Sun, ultraviolet radiation, and meteoroids(rocks)

Space suits for space walks are made from PBI (Polybenzimidazole) non-

flammable high performance fibres.


It having air purifying and cooling systems Circular-woven fabrics together with layered structures of polyester,

urethane.
The suit should be thermal insulated as well as thermal resistant, Hence the

suit should be capable of maintaining the comfortable temperature.


the astronaut should be capable of having high impact resistance and

stability to withstand the major stresses caused by these particles, pressures and others.

CONSTRUCTION

Beginning from the inner layers, first a layer made up of knitted form of Nylon tricot is lined, over which second layer of Spandex material fabric (a poly-urethane elastic thread) with plastic tubing is laced. The third layer is a Urethane-coated nylon fabric layer called the pressure bladder layer, over which a pressure-restraining layer made of Dacron, is laced.

These two layers are employed to protect the astronauts from pressures balancing both internal and external pressures. Above these two layers, a thin liner of nylon coated with thermal micro meteoroid garment of aluminized Mylar laminated with Dacron. These 7 layers are thermal insulated, protecting the astronaut from heat and impact resistant protecting from meteoroids. The final or the outer layer of space suit, is made of a blend of Gore-tex, Kevlar and Nomex materials.

PROPERTIES

1. Lighter in weight. 2. Flexible in handling. 3. Soft in touch. 4. Comparable in strength with metals 5. Modifiable in size and shape. 6. Thermal insulated and thermal resistant.

ANTI BACTERIA MATERIAL

The consumers are now increasingly aware of the hygienic life style and there is a necessity and expectation for a wide range of textile products finished with anti bacterial dresses and anti microbial dresses. It is used to protect our body from bacteria in to playing or too sweating. Particularly it is used to in sports wear. In the anti bacteria textiles to fulfilled by nano finishing.

If heavy sweating when wear in ordinary finished garments to form the bacteria in garment and also attacked to our skins then come any skin disease. If to wearing anti bacterial finished garments not to formed in bacteria's so not to come any disease with also too sweating.

CONCLUSION

The most challenging jobs - be they in oil and gas, or electrical utility - often require the toughest protective apparel. But the tougher the protective garment, the more discomfort can result in a ponderous workday, impinging on productivity or affecting compliance issues. The primary purpose of protective garments is protection, function ability and identification. Comfort, fit, style and overall wearability was never given adequate consideration, as we have gathered over these 40 years of exposure to the industry: Innovations have not been able to pair the two factors of protection and comfort, resulting in unsafe operating procedures.

THANKING YOU To MY