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TRAINNING AND DEVELOPMENT

Presented By: Zain Hassan Saad Khan Kakerzai Altaf Hussain Noureen Fatima Sadia Muneer

TRAINING
It is a learning process that involves the acquisition of knowledge, sharpening of skills, concepts, rules, or changing of attitudes and behaviors to enhance the performance of employees.
Training is basically: Its not what you want in life, but its knowing how to reach it Its not where you want to go, but its knowing how to get there Its not the goal you set, but its what you need to achieve it

WHY TRAINING IS ESSENTIAL?


When a performance appraisal indicates performance improvement is needed. As part of succession planning to help an employee be eligible for a planned change in role in the organization. Employee effectiveness in handling various techniques.

TYPES OF TRAINING
ORIENTATION TRAINING:
ON THE JOB TRAINING: Job rotation Understudy assignment OFF THE JOB TRAINING: Class room lectures Films and videos Simulation exercise Vestibule training

ADVANTAGES OF ON-THE-JOB TRAINING


The trainee learns on the actual equipment and in true job environment. It is economical as no extra personnel and facilities are required. The trainee learns the rules, regulations and procedures by observing day-to-day working. Suitable for teaching the knowledge and skills that can be learnt in a short period of time.

DISADVANTAGES OF ON-THE-JOB TRAINING


Instructions are disorganized and unsystematic and not properly supervised. This may be due to Inability of the experienced employee to provide skills to the trainee. Breakdown of the job for the purpose of instructions. Lack of motivation on the part of the trainee. Low productivity if the employee is not able to fully develop his skills.

ADVANTAGES OF OFF-THE-JOB TRAINING


Relaxed environment for employees to absorb more information as they feel less under pressure to perform. As the courses are held externally, our company would not have added costs incurred as a result of extra equipment or additional space. Sending an employee on a course could help to make an employee feel more valued as they would feel as if they are receiving quality training

DISADVANTAGES OF OFF-THE-JOB TRAINING


The overall cost could prove quite expensive. (For example: Overnight stay at hotel). The different learning speeds of individuals who are usually forced to progress at a compromise rate.

METHODS OF TRAINING
Cognitive Method:
Theoretical training (e.g. lectures, demonstration, discussion)

Behavioral Method:
Physical training (e.g. game and simulation)

WHY DO YOU THINK TRAINING FAILS?


Training fails due to the following reasons:
The benefits of training are not clear to the top management. The top management does not give reward to the supervisors for conducting training. The top management does not systematically perform the tasks of planning and budgeting.

WHY DO YOU THINK TRAINING FAILS?


Off-the-job training sometimes teaches techniques or methods which are not practically implemented in the organization Trainers provide limited counseling and consulting services

TIPS FOR SUCCESSFUL TRAINING


Specific training objectives should be framed. The trainee must has the necessary intelligence, maturity and motivation to complete the training program. Organizational conditions should be favorable for a good learning environment. The training program should be planned in such a way that it is related to the trainees previous experiences and background.

EMPLOYEE DEVELOPMENT
Employee development is a joint, on-going effort on the part of an employee and the organization for which he or she works to upgrade the employee's knowledge, skills, and abilities.

TYPES OF DEVELOPMENT
Support employee training programs. There are two different types of training: Initial training: When employee joins the organization. Ongoing training: Encouraging employees to meet regularly to discuss issues and share new ideas and perspectives. Assign mentors to junior employees

Offer tuition reimbursement: By supporting your employees' desire to educate themselves, you'll increase the knowledge base within your company.

Emphasize and encourage development: Performance appraisals and regularly scheduled reviews are perfect occasions to set goals and discuss expectations

Recognize and reward employee growth: (E.g. employee-of-the-month, innovative rewards)


Promote from within: (e.g. promotions)

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT


Focus on job. It add value to specific things. Training people is helpful for a short time. It refers to teaching of new skill in professional field of the employee. Focus on people. It add value to every things. Developing people is helpful for a lifetime. It refers to enhancement of personal qualities of the employee.

BENEFITS FROM EMPLOYEE TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT


Increased job satisfaction and morale among employees. Increased employee motivation. Increased capacity to adopt new technologies and methods. Increased innovation in strategies and products. Reduced employee turnover.

THANKING NOTE
Thanks to our respected teacher SIR AHMED ALI MEMON who gave us opportunity to present on this topic. And thanks to the listening audience for our support and patience.

QUERRIES ..?
If you have any query feel free to ask