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HUM112 - Presentation

Intelligence and Gardners Theory of Multiple Intelligences


A. Hande AZGUR

HUM112 - Presentation

What is intelligence ? No formal consensus on this issue.


Ability to modify and adjust behaviours to accomplish
new tasks successfully; involves many different mental processes, and may vary in nature depending on ones culture Ormrod 2006

HUM112 - Presentation

Ormond states that we can set out general


characteristics these include:
Being adaptive so we adjust our behaviours to achieve new tasks Learning ability how quickly and how easily? Using prior knowledge to effectively interpret and analyse new situations

Used in different contexts e.g. formal academic, social. etc.


Culture specific what is considered intelligent is relative and contextual

HUM112 - Presentation

Measuring intelligence how do we measure it ? How would you characterize an intelligent person? Historical overview Alfred Binets notion of IQ

Modern overview compare student on the test with


other students performance who are in the same age group.

HUM112 - Presentation

Research demonstrates that students with high IQs:

Have higher academic grades Typically perform well in school Complete more years of education
But the question is : How much of this is due to intelligence ? How about gender? family background? culture? motivation? class ? school culture?

HUM112 - Presentation

Problems with using intelligence tests: Test results may be effected by: Coaching How the student felt when taking the test Language ability Focus on skills not be considered useful in some cultures Can you determine ability of student with one score?
Often leads to labelling and stereotyping

Correlation between test score and achievement not so


simple or accurate

IQ test results fairly stable for many people but not all!

HUM112 - Presentation

Howard Gardners Multiple Intelligences Theory:


The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University
BodilyKinesthetic Intrapersonal Interpersonal Linguistic Visual-Spatial

Gardner argues that there are a

variety of intelligences or abilities


which comprise :
Logical-Mathematical Musical Naturalist

HUM112 - Presentation

Verbal/Linguistic: capacity to use language to express


what is on your mind and to understand other people.

Word/Language Smart: Learns by listening, taking notes & discussions.

Logical/Mathematical: ability to understand the


underlying principles of some kind

of causel system.

Number/Logic/Reasoning Smart: Learns by reasoning, investigating & calculating.

HUM112 - Presentation

Visiual/Spatial: ability to present the spatial world


internally in your mind.

Image/Picture Smart: Learns through charts, pictures & images.

Musical/Rythmic: capacity to think in music, to be able


to hear patterns, recognize them, and

perhaps manipulate them.

Music/Rhythmic Smart: Uses rhymes & music to memorize information.

HUM112 - Presentation

Bodily/Kinesthetic: capacity to use your whole or parts


of your body to solve problem, make

something, or put on a production.

Physical movement/Body Smart: Learns by doing & trying rather than watching & hearing.

Naturalist: capacity ability to discreminate among living


things as well as sensitivity to other features of the natural world.

Natural patterns/Nature Smart: Learns best when they are outdoors.

HUM112 - Presentation

Intrapersonal: having an understanding of yourself, of


knowing who you are, what you can do, etc.

Inner directed/Reflective/Self Smart: They learn best by concentrating & working out topic learned on their own.

Interpersonal: ability to understand other people.


Social/People Smart: Learns best when working with others.

HUM112 - Presentation

Gardner further claims his evidence demonstrates that:

Individuals do have abilities in one area but


not necessarily in another e.g. music but not mathematical.

People who have suffered brain damage can


lose abilities in one or more abilities which implies their existence.

Why Gardners approach is popular among some educationists?

And, if we accept Gardners approach what are the practical


implications for education?

HUM112 - Presentation

No longer privilege verbal and math abilities change status of


various disciplines - and resource allocations.

Broaden curriculum provide more focus on arts, physical, the personal


and the social, environment, and philosophy.

Use an interdisciplinary approach in the curriculum or more


specialization of teachers in primary area?

Use more cognitive apprenticeship and mentoring of students by experts


in and out of schools.

Schools would need to reach out to use a variety of community


resources e.g. museums, outdoor activities, etc.

HUM112 - Presentation

Would need individuals to know themselves in leaning ability. Implications for assessment? Authenticity? Tests and exams?
Performance based? Would need to specifically test for particular intelligence?

A video clip showing Gradners MI

What is multiple intelligence - theory

HUM112 - Presentation

What is multiple intelligence-illustrations

How children learn?

Find out how your mind thinks and works with Multiple Intelligences. Thank you for listening.
A. Hande AZGUR