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is a popular graphics software used by commercial artist and designers. It allows the users to quickly and effortlessly correct, enhance and retouch images.

- It is the smallest unit in an image - short for picture elements * Try to zoom a picture, you will see that the image is composed of small squares.

- Image resolution refers to how compactly pixels are packed in an image. Image resolution is measured in pixels per inch (ppi). -The higher the resolution, the more pixels there are in the image, and the better the quality of the image.

Adobe file formats

.PSD and .PDD these file formats are exclusive to Photoshop and Photoshop Elements. .PDF and .PDP Portable Document Format is the file format commonly used for sharing documents over the internet due to its flexibility and widespread compatibility.

File format suitable for the Web

CompuServe GIF (.GIF) GIF or Graphic Interchange Format, is a file format that saves images in 256 or fewer colors. JPEG (.JPG, .JPEG, .JPE) an acronym for Joint Photographic Experts Group, it is most useful for saving photographs and other continuous-tone images. PNG (.PNG) Portable Network Graphics, is a file format that was developed as an alternative to GIF and intended for web usage.

Print and other file formats

Photoshop EPS (.EPS) Encapsulated PostScript, allows files to be shared with most graphics, illustration and page-layout programs. .BMP Bitmap, a standard image format used for Windows-compatible machines, allows you to set the color depth. PICT (.PCT AND .PICT) the standard image format for Macintosh environments. .PCX is a bitmap file format widely supported on both Windowscompatible and Macintosh machines. TIFF (.TIF) Tagged-Image File Format, is a flexible bitmap file format supported by most graphics and page-layout programs. Pixar (.PXR) developed and named after the Pixar computer technology used in the making of the movie Toy Story. TGA (.TGA, .VDA, .ICB, .VST) Targa, is designed for systems using the Truevision video board.

a. Menu Bar It displays menus for the various commands available in Photoshop.

b. Options Bar It allows you to configure the options for a tool you selected.

c. Title Bar It displays the name of the image file, the magnification at which the image is being viewed.

d. Toolbox It contains all the tools you need for working on images, including selection, drawing and painting, correction, and navigation tools.

e. Palettes Each palettes has different functions to help you monitor and modify images f. Active image area This is the area where the current active images is displayed.

Layers are a very important part of graphics work. A photoshop image file (.psd) can be made up of numerous independent layers which are overlaid on top of each other.

The main thing to note about layers is that each layer can be edited without affecting any other layer.

You can separate parts of the image and edit them without affecting other parts of the image.
You can use layers as guides or reference without including them in the final image (just make them transparent before saving the image). You can safely import new images to add to the composition. Move the new image around, resize it and do whatever you like without damaging the original image. You can create multiple versions of a layer and experiment with different effects. You might like to keep an original image and make a separate layer to work with, so you always have the original image layer to fall back on. You can apply filters and effects to layers independently, e.g. drop-shadow, colour adjustments, etc.

Please open your Abobe Photoshop Now!!!


to open images Ctrl+S Save Ctrl+N Create a New File Shift+Ctrl+N Creating New Layer Ctrl+T Resize image (Hold down Shift key and resize the image) Ctrl+C Copy Ctrl+V - Paste