Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 16

Root Lesion Nematode: Biology and Management

Bikash Bhandari Graduate student Department of plant, Environment and Soil Sciences 02/16/2011

Introduction
Lesion

nematode means they produce conspicuous necrotic lesions on host roots.


Belongs Ranked

to the genus Pratylenchus

third only to Rootknot and Cyst nematodes in terms of economic impact on crops (Sasser and Freckman, 1987)

keys.lucidcentral.org

Introduction
Most important species: P. penetrans (400 hosts)
P.

vulnus (fruit trees and ornamentals)


P.

brachyrus (peanut, soybean)


P. P.

zea (corn) coffee (coffee)


www.fao.org

Taxonomy
Phylum Nematoda Class - Secernentea Order - Tylenchida Superfamily - Tylenchoidea Family - Pratylenchidae Genus Pratylenchus

plpnemweb.ucdavis.edu

Distribution
World wide distribution: Asia - 40 Europe - 32 Africa - 16 North America - 27 South America - 22 Ocean - 12 Antartica -1
bizbox.slate.com Source: Castillo and Vovlas, 2007

Distribution
70 species are reported.

Source: Castillo and Vovlas, 2007

Biology
Migratory Feeding

endoparasites

restricted entirely to root cortex (not


apsnet.org

root stele)
Most

problem in perennial crops

Set off lip region Low and flat in front 3 annules Stylet is prominent and have a large basal knob.

About 0.30.9mm long Invisible to naked eye

http://nematode.unl.edu/prapen.htm

Biology
Oesophagus overlapped the intestine.

2 dark spicules
Bursa
http://nematode.unl.edu/prapen.htm

Life cycle
Sexual Asexual

(Parthenogenesis)
Six

life stages (4-8 weeks)

Life cycle

http://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/lessons/Nematodes /

Symptoms

Small yellowish dark brown lesions (glycosides) Root girding and disintegration

Healthy vs. lesion nematode-infected roots hrt.msu.edu systems. (Courtesy C. S. Huang)

Symptoms
Patches Soil

of stunted and chlorotic plants

test is necessary

Corn field showing nematode injury to roots

Potato early dying disease in field. (Courtesy R.C. Rowe)

Dissemination
Irrigation

and surface drainage

Transport

of infected plants/soils

countryliving.com

uprooted.jessicareeder.com

Nematode management
Pre-plant

Fumigation

Nematicides Seed

treatment

Crop

rotation
varieties

Resistant

Оценить