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Installation & Commissioning of units

First stage (a) 1st unit (b) 2nd unit Second stage (a)3rd unit 1989 (b)4th unit Third stage 5th unit Fourth stage 6th unit Fifth stage 7th unit jan 1983 july 1983 march oct 1989 april1994 july 2003 july 2008

Water :
The source of water (cooling for the P.S.) is the reservoir formed by Kota Barrage on the Chamble River. The comparative use of water from barrage by the P.S. is 2.75 cusec for 110 MW.

Coal:
The coal linkage for the power station is bought from Dudhichua mines of Singraulli coal field which is about 800 km from Kota. For bringing in coal for power station 15 KM long private siding from the Gurla Railway Station on Delhi-Bombay broad gauge line.

MAIN CONTROL ROOM

CONTROL ROOM PARTS


CP.I

FAN CONTROL DESK


CP.II FUEL CONTROL DESK

CP.III
STEAM AND WATER DESK CP.IV

TURBINE DESK
CP.V GENRATOR CONTROL VALVES

Energy Generated in KSTPS


Total capacity = 1240 MW Total Generated Electricity(in 1 hr.) = 1240MW*Hr. = 12.40 lakh units Amount of energy Generated(in 24 hrs.) = 12.40*24 = 297.6 lakh units Coal required for generation of 1 unit electricity in KSTPS = 0.5 kg So the amount of coal required (per day) is = 0.5*297.6*100000 148.5million kg This amount of coal is supplied by 6 trains of coal.

Transformers, that are using in KSTPS


Generating Transformer Unit Auxiliary Transformer(U.A.T.) Station Transformer(S.T.) Instrument Transformer(I.T.) (A) Potential Transformer(P.T.) (B) Current Transformer(C.T.)

ASH HANDLING PLANT PARTS


ASH HANDLING PLANT CAN BE DIVIDED INTO THREE SUB PLANT 1. FUEL AND ASH PLANT 2. AIR AND GAS PLANT 3. ASH DISPOSAL & DUST COLLECTION PLANT

COAL HANDLING PLANT PARTS


COAL HANDLING PLANT DIVIDED IN THREE PARTS 1.WAGON UN LOADING SYSTEM 2. CRUSHING SYSTEM 3.CONVEYING SYSTEM

1). The thermal power station burns the fuel and use the heat to raise the steam. 2). Heat from the coal is absorbed by kilometers long tubes in boiler walls by Boiler Feed Water and transferred to the turbine blades rotating them.

3). When turbine rotates, the rotor housed inside the stator turns with it.
4). Electricity is produced by the movement of magnetic field created by rotor. 5). This electricity passes to the transformer which steps up the voltage for effective transmission. 6). The used steam is changed back into water in the condenser for reuse.

Principle of operation
1). Working depend on Dynamic action of steam 2). Steam is passed through passage of nozzle 3). Heat energy is converted into mechanical kinetc energy 4). The turbine suffers a change of momentum and rotates STEAM TURBINES

110 MW Rated O/P Economic O/P Rated Speed Rotation 110MW 95 MW 3000rpm C/W

195 MW Rated O/P Economic O/P Rated Speed Rotation 195MW 180MW 3000rpm C/W

210 MW Rated O/P Economic O/P Rated Speed Rotation 210MW 205MW 3000rpm C/W

Description
Steam Flow

HP Turbine

IP Turbine

LP Turbine

Introduction
Used Purely For the electrical power generation. Heat energy released from the combustion of fossil fuels.

Technical Specification
1).Type 2).Make 3).Capacity 4).Steam pressure 5).Efficiency 6).Steam temperature Direct fired natural circulation balanced draft water tube boiler BHEL 375 tonnes per hour 139 kg/ sq. cm 86.6% 540 deg.

3.BOILERBOILER. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF


(A)TYPE:-DIRECT FIRED NATURAL CIRCULATION BALANCE DRAFT WATER TUBE BOILER

(B) MANUFACTURED BY:- BHEL


(C) CAPACITY:- 375 TONNES/HR

(D) STEAM TEMP. :- 540C


(E) FUEL:- (a) SLACK COAL b) OIL

4.STEAM TURBINE
Steam turbine is a rotating machine which Converts the Heat Energy of Steam to Mechanical Energy. The Thermal Power Plants with steam turbine uses Rankine cycle. The stages are arranged in HP, IP and LP turbines, driving alternating current full capacity Turbo generators. There are no. of blades alternatively fix & rotate due to which velocity is increased & pressure is decreased.

6.D.M. WATER PLANT


IN D.M. WATER PLANT THE DEMINERIALIZATION OF WATER USED IN STEAM GENERATION IN BOILER IS DONE, SO THAT THE IMPURITIES AND UNWANTED MINERALS IN THAT WATER MAY NOT CAUSE ANY HARM TO BOILER AND TURBINE.

7.COAL HANDLING PLANT


Coal received are unloaded from tripper & is manually crushed, then it pass through crusher. Now it is supplied to PULVIRIZER through conveyor belt. Through coal feeder it goes to mill where it is further pulverized & goes to furnace. ADVANTAGES OF PULVIRZER -:

The rate of combustion can be controlled and changed quickly to meet the varying load . The banking losses are reduced. The percentage of excess air required is low. Automatic combustion control can be used .

8. ASH HANDLING PLANT


Three motors are connected in series, Ash comes with water is extracted through these motors & goes to ash dam. Ash is available for building contractors, cement manufacturers or it can be used for brick making near the plant site. (FREE OF COST) Otherwise wasteland should be available near the plant site for disposal of ash.

CONCLUSION
The first phase of practical training has proved to be quiet faithful . It proved an opportunity for encounter with such huge machines like tippler, 210 MV turbines and generators etc It also provides an opportunity to learn technology used at proper place and time can save a lot of labor for e.g. Wagon tipper (CHP) However training has proved too is quite faithful. It has allowed as an opportunity to get an exposure of the practical implementation to theoretical fundamentals.

The Advantage In Kota For Thermal Power Station


Availability of large amount of clean cooling water required for the station. Location of station on broad gouge main Delhi Bombay Railway line. Concentration of load in Kota city and Kota region. Constant power supply. Proximity to M.P. coal fields. Transmission and grid substation are quite nearer to the site.

INTRODUCTION

KOTA SUPER THERMAL POWER PLANT IS A COAL BASED STEAM POWER PLANT IT IS LOCATED ON THE LEFT BANK OF RIVER CHAMBEL. TOTAL GENERATION CAPACITY IS 1240MW. CENTRAL ELECTRICAL AUTHORITY WAS PREPARED THE