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HIGHWAY PLANING

LECTURE 3

HIGHWAY ACTIVITIES

1. ACTIVITY
1. The existing physical structure needs major repair/replacement (structure repair).

http://www.k5kj.net/jarrell.htm

2. ACTIVITY
2. Existing or projected future travel demands exceed available capacity, and access to transportation and mobility need to be increased (capacity).

http://www.ensnewswire.com/ens/sep2002/2002-09-1906.asp
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3. ACTIVITY
3. The route is experiencing an inordinate number of safety and accident problems that can only be resolved through physical, geometric changes (safety).

http://www.ems.ucla.edu/traffic/ ta10.htm
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4. ACTIVITY
4. Developmental pressures along the route make a reexamination of the number, location, and physical design of access points necessary (access).

Highway Planing
Highway Planning is the aspect of Highway engineering that deals with Selection of the best path between two destinations. A good selection of rout will balance operational efficiency, comfort, safety, convenience, cost, environmental impact, and aesthetics.

Criterion for the Selection of best rout.

Criterion for the Selection of best rout.

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Basic Principles for Hwy Location


There are an infinite number of ways to get from point A to point B. selecting the best path between two points is called Highway location Roadway elements (curvature, grade, etc) must be connected with each other to design a road that provides for the easy flow of traffic, while meeting design criteria and safety standards.

Garber and Hoel, 2002

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Factors Considered in the Selection of the best rout


Topography

Social and demographic characteristics (including land use patterns)

Terrain and soil conditions

Garber and Hoel, 2002

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Factors Considered in the Location Process


Directness of route Serviceability of route to industrial and population areas Crossing of other transportation facilities (roads, railroads, rivers) Intersect other roads at right angle

Garber and Hoel, 2002

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Factors Considered in the Location Process


Environmental Animal habitat Location of recreational, historic and archeological sites Noise, air, and water pollution

Garber and Hoel, 2002

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Factors Considered in the Location Process


Economic Construction Maintenance costs Road user costs Road user benefits (i.e. travel time) Adverse effects such as dislocation of people or businesses

Garber and Hoel, 2002

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