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GREAT RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD

Islam

Christianity Judaism

Buddhism Hinduism

Islam - the worlds second most


followed religion. It is one of the three major world religions, along with Judaism and Christianity, that profess monotheism, or the belief in a single God. Islam an Arabic word which means surrendering oneself to the will of God, and achieving peace and security by doing so. It began in its present form from 1,400 years ago in Arabia. Now it has around 1,200 million adherents.

There is only one God called Allah .  Allah s last prophet was Muhammad.  Muhammad was not a god. He was a man through whom God revealed his will. Although Muslims revere Muhammad, they do not worship him.


The Five Pillars of Islam 1. Shahada 2. Salah 3. Sawm 4. Zakat 5. Hajj

Shahada the Muslim profession of faith. (Recited


upon waking up in the morning and before going to sleep at night)
I WITNESS THAT THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH, AND THAT MUHAMMAD IS THE PROPHET OF ALLAH. Shahada is an Arabic word which means "witnessing/to testify" .

Salah a prayer ritual


performed five times a day by all Muslims over the age of ten. It follows a precise ritual at five separate times of the day which are set aside for devotion.

Sawm

abstaining each day during Ramadan, the ninth Muslim month. It helps Muslims to develop self-control. Gain a better understanding of God s gifts and greater compassion towards the deprived by abstaining from food and from all bodily pleasures between dawn and sunset.

Zakat giving alms to the


poor. This is compulsory gift of 2.5% of ones savings each year in addition to any charitable gifts a Muslim makes. Giving in this way is intended to free Muslims from the love of money. Money given as zakat can only be used for certain specific things.

Hajj
the pilgrimage to Mecca that all physically able Muslims should make at least once in their lifetime. Mecca is the most holy place for Muslims.

BUDDHISM
Buddhism a vast and complex religious and philosophical tradition which stretches back over 2,500 years.

Buddha Buddha means one who has woken up

Most people live asleep, never knowing or seeing life as it really is. A Buddha is someone who awakens to the knowledge of the world as it truly is and so finds release from suffering. A Buddha teaches out a sympathy and compassion for the suffering of beings and for the benefit and welfare of all things.

Buddhism can co-exist with other faith.

Basic Buddhism
 No unique creed  No single authority  No single sacred book  It focuses on each individual seeking to attain enlightenment.

The Four Noble Truths


1. Key Insight there is nothing that permanently exists. 2. Gods Buddhism has no omnipotent, creator God who exists apart from this or any other universe. 3. Dukkha All existence is dukkha . Meaning, without permanence and therefore filled with suffering. Dukkha comes from a search to find something permanent in a world where nothing permanently exists. 4. Nirvana Dukkha can end in enlightenment and in a state known as Nirvana , where all action and interaction ceases.

The Eightfold Path that Allows One to Reach Nirvana:


1. 2. 3. 4. Right Understanding Right Thinking Right Speaking Right Acting 5. Right Lifestyles 6. Right Endeavoring 7. Right Mindfulness 8. Right Contemplation

Over the last 30 years, Buddhism has seen growth in the West as its non-dogmatic nature, rationality, possibility of spiritual guide and opportunity for personal transformation have all made it attractive to post-modern society.

HINDUISM
induism is the name given to the family of religions and cultures that began and still flourish in India. Hindu comes from the name of the river Indus , which flows 1,800 miles from Tibet through Kashmir & Pakistan to the sea.
Hinduism is more an approach to the universe, and a way of living in the universe than an intellectual system of philosophy.

HINDUISM
 For Hindus in India, Hinduism is an extricable part of their existence, a complete approach to life that involves social class, earning a living, family, politics, diet, etc. Hinduism has no founder, no creed, and no single source of authority.  Most Hindus worship at home and have a shrine there.

Demographically, Hinduism is the world's third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam, with approximately one billion adherents, of whom approximately 828 million live in the Republic of India. Other significant populations are found in Nepal (23 million), Bangladesh (14 million) and the Indonesian island of Bali (3.3 million).

Common Beliefs of Hindus


 Belief in a single Divinity or Supreme God that is present in everything.  Belief in other gods who are aspects of that Supreme God, being born into a body, dying, and rebirth.  Belief in Karma, a force that determines the quality of each life depending on how well one behaved in a past life.

statue of Vishnu

Temple carving at Hoysaleswara temple representing the

Trimurti: Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu.

JUDAISM

JUDAISM
is the "religion, philosophy, and way of life" of the Jewish people. It originated in the Hebrew Bible, also known as the TaNaK.

Judaism claims a historical continuity spanning more than 3000 years. It is one of the oldest monotheistic religions, and the oldest to survive into the present day.[

The most holy place in the world accessible to Jewish people, prayers are offered up at this wall built by King Herod in the first century B.C. Three times a day the Jewish people pray (morning, afternoon, evening) and they do so with phylacteries tied around their forehead and wrist and with the white and blue prayer shawls.

Jews consider Judaism to be the expression of the covenantal relationship God developed with the Children of Israel.

According to traditional Rabbinic Judaism, God revealed his laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai in the form of both the Written and Oral Torah.

Shabbat,
a.k.a. SABBATH
the weekly day of rest lasting from shortly before sundown on Friday night to shortly after sundown Saturday night, commemorates God's day of rest after six days of creation.[71] It plays a pivotal role in Jewish practice and is governed by a large corpus of religious law.

JEWISH PILGRIMAGE FESTIVALS HAGGIM - Jewish holy days celebrating


landmark events in Jewish history, such as the Exodus from Egypt and the giving of the Torah

THE THREE MAJOR FESTIVALS CALLED "REGALIM"


1. 2. 3. Sukkot, Passover and Shavuot. It was customary for the Israelites to make pilgrimages to Jerusalem to offer sacrifices in the Temple. The core of festival and Shabbat prayer services is the public reading of the Torah,

Passover (Pesach) is a
week-long holiday beginning on the evening of the 14th day of Nisan (the first month in the Hebrew calendar), that commemorates the Exodus from Egypt.

Outside Israel, Passover is celebrated for eight days. In ancient times, it coincided with the barley harvest.

Shavuot (a.k.a.
"Pentecost" or "Feast of Weeks") celebrates the revelation of the Torah to the Israelites on Mount Sinai.

Sukkot
("Tabernacles" or "The Festival of Booths") commemorates the Israelites' forty years of wandering through the desert on their way to the Promised Land.

It is celebrated through the construction of temporary booths called sukkot (sing. sukkah) that represent the temporary shelters of the Israelites during their wandering.

Traditions and values of Judaism have inspired later the two Abrahamic religions of Christianity & Islam.

Many aspects of Judaism have also directly or indirectly influenced secular Western ethics and civil law.

Religion
Hinduism Judaism Buddhism
Shinto, Confucianism Jainism

Year Founded
4000 2500 BC 2000 BC 560 -490 BC
500 BC 420 BC

Christianity Islam
Sikhism Bahai

30 BC 622 AD
1500 AD 1863 AD