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LITERATURE

Group 2 Julie Cajayon Aimy Calilung Eloisa Dee Karel Gascon

PART I

NICK JOAQUIN

FAMILY BACKGROUND
Born in Paco in Manila, Philippines (September 15, 1917- feast day of Saint Nicomedes ) Father: Leocadio Joaquin -procurador (attorney) in the Court of First Instance of Laguna ; colonel of General Emilio Jacinto Mother: Salome Marquez one of the first to be trained by the Americans in English ; teacher in a public school in Manila Ten children in the family, eight boys and two girls, with Nick as the fifth child.

Joaquin home : Herran Street in Paco was a large section of a two-story residential-commercial buildingthe first such building in Paco Privileged home where Spanish was spoken children were tutored in Spanish and piano 12 years old: lost family fortune; moved out

ACADEMIC BACKGROUND
Elementary: Mapa High School in Intramuros Secondary: Mapa High School in Intramuros (up to 3rd year) College: St. Albert College in Hong Kong too intellectually restless to be confined in a classroom He left school, Joaqun worked as a mozo (boy apprentice) in a bakery in Psay and then as a printers devil in the composing department of the Tribune, of the TVT (Tribune-VanguardiaTaliba) publishing company.

ACCOMPLISHMENTS
represented the Philippines at the International PEN Congress in Tokyo in 1957 appointed as a member of the Motion Pictures commission under presidents Diosdado Macapagal and Ferdinand E. Marcos honored as National Artist

AWARDS/ WINNINGS:
1945 best short story, Three Generations 1949 won literary contest held by Dominicans 1960 first Stone Hill Fellowship Award for The Woman who had two Navels 1961 Republic Cultural Heritage Awards for literature 1964 Patnubay ng Sining at Lakinangan Award 1976 Conferred the title National Artist in Literature

Don Carlos Panca Memorial Award: 1958 La Vidal 1965 Dona Jeronima 1976 The Beateas Manila Critics Circles National Book Awards: 1983 The Aquinos of Tarlac 1986 The Quartet of the Tiger Moon: Scenes from the People Power Apocalypse 1988 Culture and History: Occasional Notes on the Process of Philippine Becoming 1990 The World of Damian Domingo: 19th Century Manila, co-written with Luciano P.R. Santiago and James Ongpin - The Enigma: The Profile of a Filipino as Manager Received the ESSO Journalism Award Several Times

REBECCA T. AONUEVO

FAMILY BACKGROUND
18 September 1965 in Manila native of Pasig City

ACADEMIC BACKGROUND
earned a doctorate inliterature in the title De La Salle University graduated AB Literature at the University of Santo Tomas and there earned the title cum laude, and master's in literature with honor. valedictorian in Rizal High School graduate Caniogan elementary Elementary School

ACCOMPLISHMENTS
poet and author of five collections of poetry All collections have won numerous awards for poetry from the Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature Her study on Philippine literature titled, Talinghaga ng Gana: Ang Banal sa mga Piling Tulang Tagalog ng Ika-20 Siglo (UST Publishing House, 2003), won the Gold Medal for Outstanding Dissertation at De La Salle University-Manila and the National Book Award for Literary Criticism from the Manila Critics Circle. chairs the Filipino Department at Miriam College in Quezon City.

PART II

A. SHORT STORY ANALYSIS MAY DAY EVE BY NICK JOAQUIN


What is the May Day Eve? Explain the tradition that people celebrate during this day? A night of divination, night if lovers, and a night where a person could see one's future husband or wife in a mirror. It is also a traditional spring holiday in many cultures. (Europe) May Day is most associated with towns and villages celebrating springtime fertility and revelry with village fetes and community gatherings. Since May 1st is the Feast of St Philip & St James, they became the patron saints of workers. Seeding has been completed by this date and it was convenient to give farm labourers a day off. Perhaps the most significant of the traditions is the Maypole, around which traditional dancers circle with ribbons.

May Day Eve is the magic night, proper time to consult oracles, hold sances. Certain rites and runes are supposed to enable you at midnight to behold in a mirror the face of the person fated to be yours love.

CHARACTERS
Anastasia -Old woman -Believes in superstitious belief -She was called a witch Agueda -Pretty -Brave -Willing to know her future husband -Emotional -Resentful -Has hair like black waters -Bare golden shoulders -Very enchanting Badoy -Vengeful face -Curly hair -Has a scar on cheek -Forceful man, -Had very black and elegant mustache Voltaire -Grandson of Agueda and Badoy -Believes in supertitious belief like her grandma

How do you describe the love between Agueda and Badoy? Agueda and Badoy both lived and loved with hate, resentment, regret. They fell into the trap of the May Day Eve. a case of unfounded love - more of an infatuation scene. their love is that of a raging infatuation, no depth, no strong foothold, a mere "love at first sight"

LITERARY DEVICES USED BY NICK JOAQUIN IN THE NARRATIVE


The telescoping/ uneven use of time frame Three time frames were used in the story. First time frame was the time where Dona Agueda was still a girl and tried to see her fated man. The second time frame was the time when Dona Agueda was telling her daughter about the devil she saw on the mirror. The last time frame was when Don Badoy saw his grandchild Voltaire doing the same thing as Dona Agueda did many years ago.

The depiction of dark metaphors of witch and devil to describe love Dona Agueda described the devil as a man with curly hair, a scar on his cheek and very black and elegant mustaches which are the same features as her husband, Badoy. Don Badoy described the witch as the most beautiful creature, has hair like black waters, has bare golden shoulders and very enchanting same features as his wife, Agueda.

The use of lush and ornate language It mirrors the complex emotional intensity of the Romantic time during which the characters lived and worked.

The parallel structure of the opening and closing paragraphs Displays careful organization and development. Has an engaging opening paragraph. Uses skillful and smooth transitions. Has a strong closing paragraph that is thematically related to the opening. Exhibits phrasing that is tight, fresh, and highly specific. Effectively analyze how the rhetorical strategies in each excerpt achieve the author's purpose.

B. POEM ANALYSIS BIHIRANG MAISULAT ANG KALIGAYAHAN BY REBECCA T. ANONUEVO

How do you define happiness? Happiness is the meaning and the purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence. Aristotle feeling or showing pleasure or contentment (dictionary)

According to the poet, happiness is very difficult to write about. Why is this so? Do you agree with her? Happiness is very difficult to write about because words are not enough to express your happy feelings. If you've written it, you will notice that there's something missing because the happiness that you feel will never be the same if you write it.

Differentiate too much sadness and too much happiness according to the poets perception. Do you agree with her perception? Too much sadness Sadness were expressed in the church praying and calling out to God. Too much happiness Happiness is everywhere. It is in everyone and it is contagious.

A. Explain the personifying images of happiness in these lines: Nanganak ang kaligayahan, dumaan at nagpatuloy, Manaka-nakay nagtatago, sumabay sa aking paglakad, At nakaupo na akoy nakatayo pa ring nagbabantay.

It represent a quality or concept which is full of feelings or showing contentment and pleasure inside of a person.

B. What do these personifications reveal about the persona and her concept of love and happiness? It revealed that you couldnt just write or express happiness through words in just a matter of seconds that even though you relay it to other person with an exaggerated actions it still wouldnt weight your real feeling of being happy.

PART III
reflection

MAY DAY EVE


Values Learned 1. Traditionalism 2. Courage 3. Pride 4. Determination

SIGNIFICANT EXPERIENCES RELATED TO THE THEME OF SELECTION


The teenager or the common people of today, the present relationship of each partners for each other Relationships must never be purely based on passions and infatuations. Relationships like these never succeed. But, had it been true love, had they been thinking right that night, they shouldn't have shed those needless tears. Some relationship could have lasted and what happened years ago would have stayed till forever. But no, they made the mistake of reassuring themselves that it was true love. And all they could do is reminisce and that memory would always be their anchor to their distant past.

REALIZATION
When reading the story, you will realize that Badoy and Agueda really love each other because when they explain it to their love ones even though they call each other as the devil and the witch still one will feel the touch of love and the story sets during the old times when Badoy portraits that men have power and women doesnt have rights.

BIHIRANG MASULAT ANG KALIGAYAHAN REBECCA T. ANONUEVO


Values learned 1. Love 2. Happiness 3. Affection

SIGNIFICANT EXPERIENCES RELATED TO THE THEME OF SELECTION


One experieces that could relate is when a mother is giving birth for someone she love and by that she has feeling of happiness that express in her tears of joy despites the hardship she feel blessed and those can be express in actions.

REALIZATION
When you read the poem at first you wont understand it unless you reread it and understand it briefly. Then one will realize that the poem is telling that happiness is easily obtained but when the time come that you want to share it to others the feeling of happiness is lessen.

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