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WELCOME

NEW TECHNIQUES OF EROSION CONTROLS ON HILL ROADS

INTRODUCTION


Transportation contributes all round development of a country and hence plays a vital rate towards its progress. If the highways are not properly located and may contribute sediments to streams. The control of soil and water is basic to the protection of the road structure and therefore highway design, construction and maintenance must be continually evaluated to minimize erosion and sedimentation problems

MECHANISM OF SURFACE EROSION


Rain drops hit the slope surface Impact of raindrop detaches the particle of soil The runoff water flowing on slope surface transports the detached particle and may also contribute to further detachment

TYPES OF EROSION
WIND EROSION

RAIN EROSION


WIND EROSION
Exposed slope of non-cohesive nonloose and dry soil Lack of shelter from wind Exposed surface with out any protection


FACTORS CONTROLLING WIND EROSION


Wind velocity Particle size of the material exposed to wind Moisture content of soil Vegetative cover

RAIN EROSION
Rain erosion is phenomenon of transporting of soil particle due to water action, the influencing factors for rain water erosion are Potential of flowing water for initiating particle detachment Physical features ie topography, gradient, embankment slope etc Soil erodibility governed by clay content, particle size distribution, compaction , permeability, shear strength parameters etc of the soil

OBJECTIVES OF EROSION CONTROL


To prevent damage to land adjacent to the road structure To reduce the soil loss from the land width of road, which silts up drainage channel and pollute rivers To contribute to the improvement of the aesthetics of the landscape To protect and preserve the earth work of fill or cut slope, ditches and drainage structure


EROSION CONTROL SYSTEM




TRADITION/ CONVENTIONAL METHODS

Agronomic method NonNon-agronomic method




NEW TECHNIQUES ENGINEER INOVATION

Reinforced vegetation Coir geo textiles




AGRONOMIC METHOD
Simple vegetative trufing

Mulching of slope

NON AGRONOMIC METHOD


Proper road side drainage system Soil cement stabilization Provision of aprons

REINFORCED VEGETATION
Reinforced vegetation by using geo-textiles & other geomaterials improving slop stability Synthetics jute & coir used as geo-textiles geoGeoGeo-textiles are used for engineering applications due to their long life Disadvantage is that it causes air and water pollution while their non biodegradibility is responsible for increasing soil pollution


COIR GEOTEXTILES
Made from coconut fiber extracted from the husk of the coconut fruit It is a biodegradable organic fibre material containing cellulose and lignin It gives max protection to the soil


SOME NEW TRENDS


SILT FENCE CURLEX QUICK GRASS STEEL GROUND STAPLES DE WITT PROSPUN LANDSCAPE FABRIC POLYPROPYLENE SAND BAGS


SILT FENCE


Durable Light weight Easy to use

CULEX QUICK GRASS

STEEL GROUND STAPLES


Use to anchor your landscape fabrics Each measures 6L X 1 W

DeWitt pros pun Landscape Fabric


Capability to stop weed growth Environmentally safe Easy to use


POLYPROPYLENE SAND BAGS


White poly-string polytie bags are made of woven Polypropylene String is attached to the bag. Each bag Measures 14 W X 26 L


CONCLUSION
In all new construction erosion levels should be assessed in advance and appropriate protection measures are incorpoated in design. In case of existing structures facing erosion problems, both short term and long term measures should be considered to ensure stability. For overall economy use of locally available materials should be the first choice. In extreme climatic conditions polymeric grids with root reinforcing mechanism may be used even though they are costly


REFERENCE
Azeem A and Ali A (1992) Erosion causes and control techniques for slopes of banks and cuttings, proceeding Indian geotecnical conference 1992 ,pp;457-462 ,pp;457Indian highways vol 32 no:6 jane 2004 Coir organic fibre geotextiles for soil erosion control by coir board of India


THANKYOU