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Systems of Working

Systems of working
• Chapter VII of GR describes the Systems of
working.
• Systems of working:
– The Absolute Block System,
– The Automatic Block System,
– The Following Trains System,
– The Pilot Guard System,
– The Train-staff and Ticket System, and
– The One Train Only System.
The Absolute Block System
Essentials (GR 8.01):
– No train shall leave a Block Station unless LC has
been received from Block Station in advance
– On double line, such LC shall not be given unless
• the whole of last preceeding train has arrived complete
• all necessary signals have been put back to On behind
the said train, and
• line is clear up-to FSS plus adequate distance beyond it
The Absolute Block System
• Essentials (GR 8.01) contd :
– On single line, such LC shall not be given unless
• the whole of last preceeding train has arrived
complete
• all necessary signals have been put back to on behind
the said train
• line is clear up-to FSS plus adequate distance
• AND it is clear of trains running towards the station to
which LC is being given.
The Absolute Block System

Stn A Stn B

Block Section
The Automatic Block System
• Essntials for double line (GR 9.01):
– Line must be continuously track circuited
– Line between stations is divided into Automatic
Block Signalling Sections
– Entry into each Section is controlled by MACL
stop signals
– Track Circuits control the aspect of signals
• OFF aspect only when line is clear up-to next signal
plus overlap (120 m)
The Automatic Block System
• Essntials for single line (GR 9.03):
– Line must be continuously track circuited
– Direction of traffic only after LC has been
obtained from stn in advance
– Train to start from the stn only after direction of
traffic has been esteblished
– LC shall not be granted unless line is clear up-
to FSS plus overlap
The Automatic Block System
• Essntials for single line (GR 9.03):
– Line between stations is divided into Automatic
Block Signalling Sections
– Entry into each Section is controlled by MACL
stop signals
– Track Circuits control the aspect of signals
• OFF aspect only when line is clear up-to next signal
The Automatic Block System
• Aspect Control:
• Yellow when one signalling section plus overlap is
clear
• Green when two signalling sections plus overlap is
clear (in 3 aspect territory)
• Double Yellow when two signalling sections plus
overlap is clear (in 4 aspect territory)
• Green when 3 signalling sections plus overlap is
clear (in 4 aspect territory)
3 Aspect Signals 4 Aspect Signals
The Automatic Block System
• Minimum equipment of signals (GR 9.04)
– Manual stop signals at stations
• a Home
• a Starter
– an Automatic stop signal in rear of Home signal
of the station
• one or more additional auto signals in
between block stations (GR 9.05)
The Automatic Block System
• Minimum equipment of signals
– Manual stop signals at stations
• a Home
• a Starter
– an Automatic stop signal in rear of Home signal
of the station
• one or more additional auto signals in
between block stations
The Automatic Block System
• Conditions for taking OFF manual signals
in auto territories:
– Home signal except at terminal station
• Line to be clear upto Starter plus overlap (120m)
– Last stop signal
• Direction of Traffic has been esteblished
• Line is clear upto next signal (automatic) or
• Line is clear upto next signal (manual) plus overlap
(180m)
The Automatic Block System
• What happens if an Automatic signal is
defective:
– Signal can be at ON due to TC failure or some
other defect
– Driver should stop and wait in rear of signal
• one minute during DAY
• Two minutes during NIGHT
– If signal remains ON, inform Guard by whistle
code & hand signal and proceed at restricted
speed (15 kmph or less) till he reaches the next
signal
– Then be guided by the aspect of next signal
The Automatic Block System
• Points to remember:
– Track is continuously track circuited
– Signals diplay Off aspect normally when there
are no trains
– Signals are replaced automatically to On with
the passage of trains past them
– Drivers are authorised to pass automatic signals
after observing certain precautions