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MAINTENANCE PRACTICE OF ALL TYPES OF ISOLATORS, EARTH SWITCHES AND WAVE TRAPS

MANISH TIWARI MANAGER, BINA

ISOLATOR---PURPOSE
Used in no load conditions Mainly used for Isolation of important

equipment like Transformers, Reactors, CBs etc. It does not have making or breaking capacity Ratings are in continuous operating current and Voltage level It is used in addition to CBs

TYPE OF ISOLATORS BASED ON OPERATING MECHANISM

HCB Isolators Vertical Break Type

Double Break Isolators


Pantograph Isolators

Tandem Isolator

TYPE OF ISOLATORS BASED ON LOCATION OF USE


Line Isolator Bus Isolator Reactor Isolator

Transformer Isolator

TYPE OF ISOLATORS BASED ON E/S


Without Earthswitch (Used where earthing is not

required) With one Earthswitch (Commonly used for earthing the equipment for which Isolator has been provided) With two earth switch (Generally used for Bus earthing)

ISOLATOR OPERATION
Independent operation of each pole Gang operated Motor operated

Hand operated

HCB ISOLATORS

HCB ISOLATORSMAIN CONTACTS

DOUBLE BREAK ISOLATORS

DB ISOLATOR---CENTRAL ROTATING STACK

DB ISOLATOR--CONTACTS

DB ISOLATOR--CONTACTS

PANTOGRAPH ISOLATOR

PANTOGRAPH ISOLATOR--CONTACTS

EARTH SWITCHFIXED CONTACT

EARTH SWITCHMOVING BLADE

MOM BOX

DOWNROD OVER MOM BOX

ISOLATOR INTERLOCKS
If Isolator is closed, E/S should not close If E/S is closed Isolator should not close If CB is closed then Isolator should not operate If Bus E/S is connected none of Bus Isolators should

operate If selected on local, remote operation should not take place If bay (Main / Tie) is connected Line Isolators should not operate If Line Isolator is connected Line Reactor Isolator should not operate

ISOLATOR MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE


Activity Cleaning and Lubrication of Main Contact Alignment Approval SSI SSI Condition With S/D With S/D Periodicity Yearly Yearly

Contact Resistance Measurement including contact assembly and current transfer assembly
Tightness of Bolts, Nuts and Pins etc. Cleaning of support insulators and checking of insulator cracks, if any Checking of interlock (Mechanical and Electrical) Thermo vision scanning

SSI

With S/D

4 Yearly

SSI SSI SSI SSI

With S/D With S/D With S/D Without S/D

Yearly Yearly Yearly Yearly

EARTH SWITCH MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE


Activity Approval Condition Periodicity

Checking of alignment of earthing blades


Cleaning of contacts Contact Resistance Operation of Earthing switch Checking of Aluminium / Copper flexible conductor Checking of earth connection of structure and MOM box

SSI
SSI SSI SSI SSI SSI

With S/D
With S/D With S/D With S/D With S/D With S/D

Yearly
Yearly 4 Yearly Yearly Yearly Yearly

CONTACT RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT


The measurement is taken at Isolator in closed

position. The Ohm Meter operates on the four wire measurement principle. To measure the contact resistance connect the respective leads and adjust the veri A.C. so that app. 100 amps current flow through the contacts. Value of contact resistance is directly displayed on the digital LED display screen. By using four terminal method, we can nullify the resistance of test leads if input impedance of measuring device (IC) is very high.

CONTACT RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT


Contact resistance of the main contacts indicates

wear out and misalignment of the main contacts. If the value of contact resistance exceeds the permissible limit i.e. 300 microohms ( Ref. DOC. NO: D-5-02-XX-01-02), this could result in overheating of the contacts. Therefore, the problem of high contact resistance should be attended immediately by making proper alignment of contacts or by replacing finger contacts.

MAINTENANCE OF MOM BOXES


Gear operation is to be checked Fuses checks Pole discrepancy relay operation if provided in DB

Isolators Space Heater Illumination Castle Lock

ISOLATOR MAINTENANCE
Acceptable limits for various tests performed on

Isolators are

ISOLATOR AND E/S MAINTENANCE FORMAT


YEARLY

ISOLATOR AND E/S MAINTENANCE FORMAT 4 YEARLY

LINE TRAP

LINE TRAP
Installed on lines where PLCC is used Installed immediately after CVT Wave trap / Line trap blocks high frequency PLCC

signals entering in the switchyard For Power frequency signals it provide low impedance path Normal ratings 0.5 mH , 1.0 mH etc. 2000A, 3150A etc.

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Activity Tightness and cleaning General inspection / cleaning of tuning unit Visual inspection of LA provided Replacement of LA Approval SSI SSI SSI SSI Condition With S/D With S/D With S/D With S/D Periodicity Yearly Yearly Yearly 10 Yearly

MAINTENACE FORMAT