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RAJAMAHENDRI INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

Department of Electronics and communication Engineering

BY
B.VENKATESH (08MD1A0409) S.NAVEEN KUMAR (08MD1A0457) M.LAKSHMAN KUMAR (08MD1A0442) P.MURALI KRISHNA (08MD1A0451)
INTERNAL GUIDE :

Mrs. PARVATHI

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION BLOCK DIAGRAM MICROCONTROLLER IR RECIEVER POWER SUPPLY APPLICATIONS

INTRODUCTION&OVERVIEW
It is an microcontroller circuit to switch on and off

electrical appliances.
This system will use general purpose remote control to

send the control signal

HARDWARE :
GENERAL PURPOSE REMOTE 89S52 MICRO CONTROLLER POWER LEDS IR RECEIVER

SOFTWARE :
EMBEDDED C

KEIL SOFTWARE

BLOCK DIAGRAM
IR TRANSMITTER (GENERAL PURPOSE REMOTE CONTROL)

IR RECEIVER

POWER SUPPLY

MICRO CONTROLLER

INTERFACING CIRCUITS

ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES

REMOTE TRANSMITTER
The remote transmitter used in this project is a general

purpose remote control used for Phillips TVs.


It sends the control signals, which are in RC5 protocol

modulated on a 40khz carrier signal.

MICRO CONTROLLER
The 89S52 micro controller is used in this project.
It is in the family of Intel 8051. It is having 256

instructions. It has a 16-bit timer .

The controller receives the signals, which are in RC5

protocol. It decodes the control signals .

MICRO CONTROLLER
89S52 Pin Configuration

REMOTE RECEIVING UNIT


These signals are converted into electrical signals by

the help of IR receiver.


The general purpose remote control sends the control

signals with RC5 protocol.


The micro controller receives the signals and it

decodes the control signals.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM OF REMOTE RECEIVING UNIT

IR RECEIVER
The IR sensor will receive the Infra Red signals send by

the general purpose remote control.


The sensor converts the IR signal into electrical signals

with the help of photo diode and amplifies it.


It also includes the filter circuit to demodulate the

40khz carrier signal.

POWER SUPPLY
Power supply block consists of following units: Center tapped step down transformer. Bridge rectifier circuit. Input filter. Voltage regulators. Output filter.

POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

CENTER TAPPED STEP DOWN TRANSFORMER


The center-tapped step-down transformer is used to step

down the supply voltage of 230v ac from mains to lower values, as the various ICs used in this project require reduced voltages.
The outputs from the secondary coil which is center

tapped are the ac values of 0v, 15v and-15

RECTIFIER UNIT
The rectifier circuit is used to convert the ac voltage

into its corresponding dc voltage.


The most important and simple device used in

rectifier circuit is the diode.


The simple function of the diode is to conduct when

forward biased and not to conduct in reverse bias.

REGULATOR UNIT
Regulator regulates the output voltage to a specific

value.
Whenever there are any ac voltage fluctuations, the dc

voltage also changes.

APPLICATIONS
Controller controls speed of fan like ac induction

motor, where unable to access motor.


In every home we use many electrical appliances

switched on and off manually.


In Industries, where a large number or a group of

electrical appliances are to be controlled ,this device is much useful.

CONCLUSION
System Features:
- Easy operation - Convenient - Simple - Low cost
Because of these features, the system is more useful in

controlling different electrical appliances.