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Buddhism is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who came to be called the Buddha or enlightened one.

A royal prince of Kapilvastu, India. Its a 2,500 year old religion, established in 563 BC.
It is the Fourth Largest Religion.

Total 350 - 1,600 million People Follow Buddhism.

With increase in follower by 1% it is now 7% Of Population in 2012.

They do not believe in god. They believe that by following the teachings of Buddha they will find peace. Buddha found ways to overcome the imperfectness. They meditate . They believe that Buddha was human.

Buddhism is derived from Sanskrit Buddha, one who has awakened to true nature of reality. When asked what he taught, Buddha said: I teach suffering and end of suffering. When asked if he was divine or human,Buddha said: I am awake. When asked to summarize his teaching, Buddha said: To avoid evil, to do good, to cleanse ones mind.

Siddhartha Gautama

Born in previous North East India (Nepal). Raised in great luxury to be a king. At 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek enlightenment and the source of suffering. Lived a strict, ascetic life for 6 yrs. Rejecting this extreme, sat in meditation, and found nirvana. Became The Enlightened One, at 35.

Buddhism Timeline for 4000 years

Sariputra School of Buddhism Theravada, Sarvastivada, and Sautrantika 1800 BC Buddha's Birth 1700 BC 1500 BC 1500 BC

Ashoka of Mauryan Dynasty Mahasanghika School

1000 BC

1000 AD

1st to 4th Centuries AD

400 BC

Decline of Buddhism in India

Tantrik Schools of Buddhism

Mahayana School

Therevada Buddhism Mahayana Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism
Zen Buddhism


Theravada One of the oldest school of Buddhism. Buddhism Small The Way of the Elders or the
Vehicle. Found in southern Asia. The monastic life is the best way to achieve nirvana. Focuses on wisdom and meditation. Goal is to become a Buddha, or Enlightened One. Over 100,000,000 followers today.

Mahayana The Great Vehicle. Buddhism Japan). Founded in northern Asia (China,
Buddhism for the masses. Seek guidance from Boddhisatvas, wise beings. Goal Not just individuals escape from the wheel, but the salvation of all humanity through self-sacrifice of those enlightened few.

The Diamond Vehicle. [Vajrayana] A mix of Theravada and Mahayana. Boddhisatvas include Lamas, like the Dalai Lama. The Tibetan Book of the Dead [Bardo Thodol].

Tibetan Buddhism

zen Buddhism
The Meditation School. Seeks sudden enlightenment [satori] through meditation, arriving at emptiness [sunyata]. Use of meditation masters [Roshi]. Beauty, art, and aesthetics:
Gardens. Archery. Tea ceremony. Calligraphy.

The essence of Buddhism

The Three Jewels of Buddhism

What is the fundamental cause of all suffering?

Therefore, extinguish the self, dont obsess about yourself

Four Noble Truths

Four Noble 2) The cause of suffering is selfTruths

centered desire and attachment. (Tanha)

Four Noble 3) The solution is to eliminate Truths desire and attachments.

(Nirvana = extinction)

Four Noble 4) To reach nirvana, one must Truths follow the Eightfold Path.

Noble Eightfold Path


Right Understanding Right Thought

Right Effort (concentration) Right Mindfulness Right Concentration




Right Speech Right Action Right Livelihood




Sila (Morality)
Sila is based on love and compassion for all beings. Qualities, compassion and wisdom should be developed equally for a man to become perfect. Love, charity, kindness, tolerance and such noble qualities of the heart.

Right Speech is being truthful, affectionate, helpful, and promoting concord, harmony, and unity.

Right Speech (Samma Vaca)

It reflects inner wisdom, clear vision, and represents the Ideal of Human Communication.
It should not be untruthful, harsh, harmful, and which promotes discord, disharmony and disunity. Words spoken without guile, conflict or hidden agendas. Besides factual accuracy, speaking the truth involves an attitude of honesty and sincerity. It means that we are honest with ourselves. Honest communication and mutual understanding is the essence of good relationships.

Right Action (Samma Two aspects: What we do and what we refrain from Kammanta)
doing. Right action aims at promoting moral, honourable and peaceful conduct. Right action means to perform deeds which do not cause suffering to oneself and others.

Right Livelihood (Samma Avoid occupations/trades which cause suffering to Ajiva) oneself and others.
Guiding principle is to work for the happiness of oneself and others. Provide the necessities of life- food, clothing, shelter, medicine and education.

The work must be ethically wholesome. Many types of work provide an adequate or even excellent income, but involve dishonesty, exploitation or cruelty.

Samadhi (Mental Dicipline) wisdom Right Effort plays a very important part in developing
Samadhi means mental discipline or mental culture Endeavour to live a moral and blameless life. through cultivation of virtue and mental discipline. The 4 Right Efforts are:

Effort to overcome evil that has already arisen.

Effort to avoid evil that has not yet arisen. Effort to develop good not yet arisen. Effort to promote the good that has already arisen.

Right Mindfulness (Samma Sati) of what happens to us Right Mindfulness is to be diligently attentive
and in us. It is to be mindful of our thoughts, speech and actions. With mindfulness, we are less inclined to be thoughtless and careless. We establish harmony and peace by cultivating the alertness of the mind and awareness of conduct.

The Buddha told us to observe the subjects mindfully with a view to see things as they really are without the relative concepts of I, mine, he, she

Right Concentration (Samma Concentration to the point ofsamadhi) of Buddhist clear insight is the peak endeavour and sets Buddhism apart from other teachings.
Meditation is not, as some people think, reflecting upon, thinking about a subject and pondering. It is observing with alertness and keeping the attention on the subject without wavering of the mind.

Panna (Wisdom)
Right View
Right view means to see things through to grasp the impermanent and imperfect nature of worldy object and ideas and to understand the law of karma and karmic conditioning. Right view is not necessarily an intellectual capacity just as wisdom is not just a matter of intelligence. Instead right view is attained, sustained and enhanced through all capacities of mind. But as a person gains more and more insight, he develops an unshakeable confidence in the Buddha Dhamma, when he realises for himself how true the words of the Buddha are. Since our view of the world forms our thoughts and our actions, right view yields right thoughts and actions.

Right intention (Samma samkappa)

a. Nekkhama Renunciation of world pleasures or selfishness, which is opposed to attachment, selfishness and selfpossessiveness.

b. Avyapada loving-kindness, goodwill, or benevolence, which is opposed to hatred, illwill or aversion. c. Avihimsa harmlessness or compassion, which is opposed to cruelty and coldness of heart.

Buddhist Festivals are always joyful occasions.

Buddhist Festival

Typically on a festival day, lay people go to the local temple or monastery and offer food to the monks and take the Five Precepts and listen to a Dharma talk.
In the afternoon, they distribute food to the poor to make merit and in the evening join perhaps in a ceremony of circumambulation a stupa three time as a sign of respect to the Buddha, Dhamma, Sangha. The day will conclude with evening chanting of the Buddha's teachings and meditation.

Visakha Puja Day (Buddha Celebrated on the full-moon day of Day) May.
They believe that birth, enlightenment, and death of Buddha, all took place on that day of the year. Assemble on the grounds of the monasteries and bring flowers, lit candles, and incense sticks. Walk around the main hall 3 times, reciting the Three Refuges

asalha Puja Day (dhamma Celebrated on the full-moon day of Day) July.
Food is offered to monks, nuns, and novices.

In the evening, people give food to the poor, observe the Five Precepts, and practice meditation. The full moon is associated with important events in the Buddhas life which occurred during a full moon.

Magha Puja Day (sangha Celebrated on the full moon day Day) of March.
Commemorates 2 important events in Buddhas life: Basic principles of Buddhist teachings. Sermon called the Basis of Success. Food is offered to monks, and people engage in activities that bring them good karma.

Thai Buddhist festival takes place in mid-April. People clean their houses, wash their clothes, and sprinkle perfumed water on monks. Fishes are rescued from dry ponds and are carried in jars to rivers; observes the First Precept (no harm to living creatures) which brings good karma.

Loy Karthong (Festival Of Floating Bowls)

Occurs in Thailand on the full-moon night of the twelfth lunar month, when the rifer is full. Buddhists float bowls made of leaves on the rivers; bowls contain candles and incense sticks, and as the bowls float away, all bad luck disappears.

In Theravadin countries, Thailand, Burma, Sri Lanka, Cambodia and Lao, the new year is celebrated for three days from the first full moon day in April.

Buddhist New Year

In Mahayana countries the new year starts on the first full moon day in January.
Chinese, Koreans and Vietnamese celebrate late January or early February according to the lunar calendar.

The Tibetans usually celebrate about one month later.

In most Buddhist houses, they have a special room for a shrine - a Buddha Statue, candles.

Buddhist Worship and Rituals

Many Buddhists meditate -allows mind to settle - helps to achieve calmness and clarity Can worship at home or at a Buddhist temple

The Buddhist people are very devoted to their religion. They believe that the world is imperfect and that they can fix it by achieving Nirvana (the end of imperfectness). They also believe in many other things such as the philosophy of Duhka and Karma

Birth Rituals Can take baby to monastery.

The buddist monk leader takes the selected name. Request name with special meaning eg. Jokata = Maker of Clarity (fem.) Blessings for: Protection Health Happiness Noble Qualities

wedding Rituals
The civil ceremony can take place anywhere, and is usually held in the home or garden of a relative, as not many temples have the legal right to perform such ceremonies. No shoe should be worn by the couple or their guests in the temple. Only Vegetarian Food or Vegan.

Buddhists can marry someone of any faith

Death Rituals
Believed to be natural result of being born. Kept in house for 3-7 days.

Body is burnt to let the spirit escape.

Before death, Buddhist will be blessed by a nun or monk.

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